Ideas in Chemistry and Molecular Sciences. Advances in Nanotechnology, Materials and Devices

  • ID: 2326694
  • Book
  • 432 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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This volume represents one of the three edited by inviting a selection of young researchers participating to the European Young Chemist Award 2008. The other two volumes concern the two different areas of Synthetic Chemistry and Life Sciences and are respectively entitled "Ideas in Chemistry and Molecular Sciences: Advances in Synthetic Chemistry" and "Ideas in Molecular Sciences: Where Chemistry Meets Life".

This book contains the contributions of selected young chemists from the field of nanotechnology and material sciences. The contributions are grouped under the following umbrella topics:

∗ Preparation of new materials and nanomaterials

∗ Innovative characterization methods

∗ Understanding of material properties and functions

∗ Materials and applications in advanced devices

This volume is an indispensable read for all Material Scientists, Organic Chemists, Analytical Chemists interested in seeing what tomorrow′s chemistry will look like.
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Preface

PART I: Preparation of New Materials and Nanomaterials

SELF–ASSEMBLING CYCLIC PEPTIDE–BASED NANOMATERIALS

Introduction

Types of Self–Assembling Cyclic Peptide Nanotubes

Applications of Cyclic Peptide Nanotubes

Nanotubular Assemblies from Cyclic Alpha, Gamma–Peptides

Summary and Outlook

DESIGNER NANOMATERIALS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ENERGY AND HIGH VALUE–ADDED CHEMICALS

Introduction

State of the Art in the Preparation of Designer Nanomaterials for the Production of Energy and Chemicals

Highlights of Own Research

Future Prospects

Conclusions

SUPRAMOLECULAR RECEPTORS FOR FULLERENES

Introduction

Classic Receptors for Fullerenes Based on Curved Recognizing Units

Receptors for Fullerenes Based on Planar Recognizing

Concave Receptors for Fullerenes

Concave Electroactive Receptors for Fullerenes

Conclusions and Future Perspectives

CLICK CHEMISTRY: A QUOTE FOR FUNCTION

Introduction

New Applications in Materials Synthesis

Perspective

SUPRAMOLECULAR INTERACTIONS AND SMART MATERIALS: C–X ... X′–M HALOGEN BONDS AND GAS SORPTION IN MOLECULAR SOLIDS

Introduction

Interactions Involving Halogens: Nucleophiles Versus Electrophiles

Combining Complementary Environments: C–X ... X′–M Halogen Bonds

Smart Materials for Gas Sorption

Conclusions

PART II: Innovative Characterization Methods

APPLICATION OF ADVANCED SOLID–STATE NMR TECHNIQUES TO THE CHARACTERIZATION OF NANOMATERIALS: A FOCUS ON INTERFACES AND STRUCTURE

Introduction

Solid–State NMR Tools

Nanocarbons

Nanoparticles

Quantum Dots

Self–Assembly

Mesostructured Materials

Study of Interfaces and Structure by Solid State NMR

Conclusions

NEW TOOLS FOR STRUCTURE ELUCIDATION IN THE GAS PHASE: IR SPECTROSCOPY OF BARE AND DOPED SILICON NANOPARTICLES

Introduction

Methods for Structural Investigation of Silicon Clusters

Infrared Multiple Photon Dissociation Spectroscopy

IR–Spectroscopy on Bare Silicon Cluster Cations

Chemical Probe Method for Endo– and Exohedrally Doped Silicon Clusters

IR–Spectroscopy on Exohedrally Doped Silicon Cluster Cations

Summary and Outlook

DIRECT OBSERVATION OF DYNAMIC SOLID–STATE PROCESSES WITH X–RAY DIFFRACTION

Introduction

The Basics: Principles, Applications, Advantages and Drawbacks of the X–Ray Photodiffraction Method

Steady–State X–Ray Photodiffraction: Examples

Time–Resolved X–Ray Photodiffraction: Representative Examples

Conclusions and Future Outlook

PART III: Understanding of Material Properties and Functions

UNDERSTANDING TRANSPORT IN MFI–TYPE ZEOLITES ON A MOLECULAR BASIS

Introduction

Experimental Section: Materials and Techniques

Surface and Intrapore Transport Studies in Zeolites

Future Opportunities for Research and Industrial Application

MODELING LAYERED–MINERAL ORGANIC INTERACTIONS

Introduction

Computer Simulation Techniques

Results

Conclusions and Future Work

PART IV: Materials and Applications in Advanced Devices

STATUS OF TECHNOLOGY AND PERSPECTIVES FOR PORTABLE APPLICATIONS OF DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELLS

Introduction

Fundamental Aspects of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells

Current Status of DMFC Technology for Portable Power Sources Applications

Perspectives and Concluding Remarks

SEMICONDUCTOR BLOCK COPOLYMERS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS

Introduction and History of Semiconductor Block Copolymers

Crystalline–Crystalline D–A Block Copolymers P3HT–b–PperAcr

Conclusions and Perspectives

SWITCHING–ON: THE COPPER AGE

Introduction

Optical Properties of Cu(I) Complexes

Old Systems for New Challenges

Summary

UNDERSTANDING SINGLE–MOLECULE MEGNETS ON SURFACE

Introduction

SMM for Dummies

The "Self–Assembling" Concept

Deposition of Magnetic Molecules

Assessing the Integrity of SMM on Surface

X–Ray Absorption and Magnetic Dichroism for SMM

Electronic Characterization of Monolayer of SMMs

Magnetism of SMMs Using XMCD

Perspectives

SCULPTING NANOMETRIC PATTERNS: THE TOP–DOWN APPROACH

Introduction

Production of Micro and Sub–Micro Patterns

Conclusions and Outlook
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Bruno Pignataro, born in Bologna in 1972, is Professor of Physical Chemistry at the University of Palermo. He received his degree in chemistry in 1995 from the University of Catania and his PhD in materials science five years later. He has helped establish a wide network of international collaborations and organized more than 10 meetings at national and international level, including coordinating the Young Chemists Group of the Italian Chemical Society and chairing the first editions of the European Young Chemist Award. He is a referee for several leading chemistry and materials journals, has more than 70 scientific publications and some 90 conference communications to his name, along with several invited lectures. Professor Pignataro′s research interests focus on the related fields of the physical chemistry of molecular surfaces and soft nanotechnologies.
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