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The Offshore Renminbi. The Rise of the Chinese Currency and Its Global Future. Edition No. 1

  • ID: 2326722
  • Book
  • January 2013
  • Region: Global, China
  • 275 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
The rise of the renminbi and what it means for forex markets

Chinese authorities have ambitious plans to "internationalize" the renminbi, transforming it from a tightly controlled domestic legal tender into a global currency for international trade, held by both private and public sector asset managers. The Offshore Renminbi examines this impending currency revolution, outlining why the emergence of China as a major economic power will likely soon be matched by a transformation of the renminbi's role in the global financial system. It explains how new markets for "offshore" renminbi are developing outside mainland China since the country is not yet ready to fully open up its economy to international capital flows, and the regulations that govern them.

The potential growth for the renminbi market is vast, thanks to China's role in the global trading community. The early stages of the internationalization effort were small-scale, but momentum has greatly increased over the past 18 months, making this book more relevant than ever. These developments offer new opportunities (and challenges) for corporate treasurers and investors, as China's profound economic success and growing prominence in global trade may transform offshore renminbi into a new global reserve currency and a legitimate competitor to the U.S. dollar.

  • Explores how the "internationalization" of the renminbi is likely to yield a new global currency to rival the U.S. dollar
  • Examines "offshore" renminbi and the host of new financial markets they have created, from a spot FX market to Dim Sum bonds in Hong Kong
  • Covers broad themes of interest to general readers and policymakers, as well as more detailed issues of practical and direct importance to corporate treasurers and investors

The Chinese government has ambitious plans to make the renminbi a global currency. The Offshore Renminbi explains the complexities of this strategy and the dramatic implications for the global FX markets.

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Foreword ix

Preface xiii

List of Acronyms and Key Terms xvii

CHAPTER 1 The New Global Role for the Renminbi 1

A Longstanding - but Failing - Path 4

Allowing Renminbi Markets to Flourish 9

Political Tailwinds for Internationalisation 13

Challenges and Consolidation Risks 19

The Renminbi in a Multipolar World 23

CHAPTER 2 Linking the Offshore and the Onshore Renminbi Markets 25

International Transactions in a Domestic Currency 25

The Starting Point for Renminbi Internationalisation 31

Investability: Opportunities and Challenges 40

Timing Convertibility 45

PBoC and Exchange Rate Policy 50

The Advantages of the Offshore Renminbi 53

CHAPTER 3 The Birth and Evolution of the Offshore Renminbi Market in Hong Kong 57

A Chronological Look at Key Policy Liberalisations 59

More on Renminbi Trade Settlement in the Post–Big Bang Era 79

From Renminbi Trade Settlement to Offshore Renminbi Deposits 93

CHAPTER 4 New Markets - New Jargon, New Opportunities 101

The Chinese Yuan in FX Spot 101

A New Diversity of Forward Markets 109

Opportunities in the CNH Markets 112

Tracking Returns in CNH Deposits 121

The Dim Sum Bond Market Matures 126

CHAPTER 5 Geographical Expansion of the Offshore Renminbi Universe 131

From Hong Kong to Haiwai through Trade 133

Renminbi in London and the Hub-and-Spokes Model 139

Direct Renminbi Cooperation with Mainland China 142

Shanghai’s Aspiration and Infrastructure Overhaul 147

Hong Kong Is Still in Pole Position 151

CHAPTER 6 Drivers for Internationalisation 163

Public Policy: “Replacing” USD 168

Economics: China’s Role in the Global Economy 174

For Investors: Appreciation - but, More Importantly, Diversification 178

For Corporations: Fairer and More Transparent Pricing 182

For Official Reserve Managers: A New Route to Stability? 187

CHAPTER 7 The Rise of the Renminbi and Its Policy Implications 193

The Renminbi’s Rise: A Threat to the Hong Kong Dollar? 193

The Renminbi’s Rise: A Regional FX Anchor 198

The Renminbi’s Rise: The SDR and the IMF 206

The Renminbi’s Rise: The US Dollar in a Multipolar World 213

Afterword: The Life Overseas with the Rising Renminbi 217

Appendix: The CNH Timeline 223

Bibliography 229

About the Authors 231

Index 233

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Kelvin Lau
Robert Minikin
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