Many mature democracies are approaching this situation as they confront fiscal crisis. For almost three decades, OECD countries have – in fits and starts – run deficits and accumulated debt. As a result, an ever smaller part of government revenue is available today for discretionary spending and social investment and whichever party comes into office will find its hands tied by past decisions. The current financial and fiscal crisis has exacerbated the long–term shrinking government discretion; projects for political change have lost credibility. Many citizens are aware of this situation: they turn away from party politics and stay at home on Election Day.
With contributions from leading scholars in the forefront of sociology, politics and economics, this timely book will be of great interest to students and scholars throughout the social sciences as well as general readers.
1 Introduction: Politics in the Age of Austerity 1Armin Schäfer and Wolfgang Streeck
2 Public Finance and the Decline of State Capacity in Democratic Capitalism 26Wolfgang Streeck and Daniel Mertens
3 Tax Competition and Fiscal Democracy 59Philipp Genschel and Peter Schwarz
4 Governing as an Engineering Problem: The Political Economy of Swedish Success 84Sven Steinmo
5 Monetary Union, Fiscal Crisis and the Disabling of Democratic Accountability 108Fritz W. Scharpf
6 Smaghi versus the Parties: Representative Government and Institutional Constraints 143Peter Mair
7 Liberalization, Inequality and Democracy’s Discontent 169Armin Schäfer
8 Participatory Inequality in the Austerity State: A Supply–Side Approach 196Claus Offe
9 From Markets versus States to Corporations versus Civil Society? 219Colin Crouch
10 The Normalization of the Right in Post–Security Europe 239Mabel Berezin
11 The Crisis in Context: Democratic Capitalism and its Contradictions 262Wolfgang Streeck