and regulated speed, followed by detailed of major areas for which nanomachines has the potential to make a transformational impact. It ends with a futuristic look at nano/microscale machines and into their impact on the society.
∗ The only nanomachine introductory textbook currently available.
∗ Written with college graduate level in mind to appeal to a broad interdisciplinary audience.
∗ Covers the fundamental challenges for nanoscale motion.
∗ Covers the latest advances in the design and operaton of a wide range of small–scale machines.
∗ Covers diverse biomedical, environmental and technological applications of nanomachines.
∗ Written in review format with cited articles to cover latest research and developments.
FUNDAMENTALS ? SMALL–SCALE PROPULSION
Challenges to Nanoscale Propulsion
Low Reynolds Number Hydrodynamics
MOTION OF NATURAL NANOSWIMMERS
Chemically Powered Motor Proteins
Stimuli–Responsive Rotaxane, Pseudorotaxane, and Catenane Nanomachines
Molecular Rotary Motors
Light–Driven Molecular Machines based on cis?trans Photoisomerization
SELF–PROPELLING CHEMICALLY POWERED DEVICES
Self–Propelling Catalytic Nanowires
Catalytic Tubular Microengines
Catalytic Janus Microparticles: Spherical Motors
Controlled Motion of Chemically Powered Nano/Microscale Motors
Alternative Fuels for Chemically Powered Micro/Nanoscale Motors
Collective Behavior: Toward Swarming and Chemotaxis
Motion Based on Asymmetric Release of Chemicals
EXTERNALLY POWERED NANOMOTORS ? FUEL–FREE NANOSWIMMERS
Magnetically Driven Nanomotors
Electrically Driven Nanomotors
APPLICATIONS OF NANO/MICROSCALE MOTORS
Cargo Towing: Toward Drug Delivery
Biosensing and Target Isolation
Active Nanoscale Transport by Synthetic Motors in Microchip Devices
Nanomotor–based Surface Patterning and Self–Assembly
Use of Micro/Nanoscale Motors for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation
CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE PROSPECTS
Current Status and Future Opportunities