"This detail–rich, case–study–based volume is a truly unique addition to the business literature, and Albert′s common–sense points will prove a boon to readers eager to make time count."
"When is a brilliant analysis, full of practical implications, on a topic we all live with and take for granted, but don t know how to manage better. Stuart Albert deconstructs time in a useful manner that allows us to examine our own experience from a new perspective. Just when we thought there was nothing more to say about analyzing life and business, this book gives us a whole new dimension to think about."
Edgar Schein, professor emeritus, MIT Sloan School of Management
"As Homer said, it is the height of folly to be wise too late. When is right on time– wise, beautifully written, and immensely practical in today s hectic world. It would be unwise not to make the time to read it."
Ellen Langer, professor of psychology, Harvard, and author, Mindfulness
"Plenty of books report on the ′what′ and the ′how′ of business, but When takes up the third dimension not often recognized: timing. A business proposition can be too early– and is often too late. Getting the timing right is key, and Stuart Albert helps us do it systematically."
Jim Lawrence, chairman, Rothschild North America, and former vice chairman. General Mills
"By providing a process to examine all the elements of decision and a flow of each element in time, When transformed the way I look at decision–making. The process of determining the elements is already useful. Add to that an examination of temporal interaction and the result is a better decision. This is a technique worth learning."
Alex Cirillo, Jr., vice president, retired, 3M
"Stuart Albert has spent a lifetime thinking about time, and When provides a fascinating glimpse at the structures that underlie questions of timing. How can we think systematically about sequences of events, major inflection points, the duration of parallel events, and speed of execution as we decide when to embark on a particular course of action? Rich with examples, When helps managers come to grips with many ways time and timing have an impact on everything we do. An exhilarating read!"
Srilata Zaheer, Dean and Elmer L. Anderson Chair in Global Corporate Social Responsibility, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota
Preface ixIntroduction 11 Sequence 25
2 Temporal Punctuation 47
3 Interval and Duration 79
4 Rate 109
5 Shape 129
6 Polyphony 155
7 Using the Lenses: The Timing of Dissent 191
8 A Timing Analysis: Seven Steps 215Coda: Re–Imaging the World 239Appendix: Temporal Architecture: Concept and Field of Inquiry 247Notes 249Acknowledgments 263About the Author 267Index 269