Transition to Renewable Energy Systems

  • ID: 2379673
  • Book
  • 1008 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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In the wake of global climate change and increasing geopolitical instability of oil supply an accelerated Transition to Renewable Energy System gets increasingly important, if not unavoidable. This book encompasses reports of select energy strategies as well as in–depth technical information of the already or potentially involved technologies. On the one hand, it compiles the description of technologies that

already proved to be game changers of the energy supply in some countries, i.e. solar, wind, biomass and hydro power, with a strong focus on data, facts and figures that are needed to design a renewable energy system for a region or a country. On the other hand, this book compiles many more technologies that bear the potential to become game changes in some regions or countries, like maritime power technologies or geothermal energy. The focus on the whole energy system involves particular consideration of storage technologies for the fluctuating renewable energy input as well as an overview on energy transportation as electrical or chemical energy. Also the end–use of the renewable energy is considered if the energy system is affected, like in automotive transportation via battery or fuel cell vehicles.

Postulating climate change as a major driver for renewable energies, the articles of the book are written assuming the time–line of 2050 for a major CO2 reduction in order to fulfill the UN global warming goal of 2°C. Hence, technologies that have a potential to leave the research stage by 2030 are considered since further ten years are required for industrial development and market penetration each. The book provides specific insights for energy engineers, process engineers, chemists, and physicists, as well as a sufficiently broad scope to be able to understand the challenges, opportunities and implications of a transition to renewable energy systems so, that strategies can be cast.

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Foreword

Preface

PART I: RENEWABLE STRATEGIES

South Korea′s Green Energy Strategies

Japan′s Energy Policy After the 3.11 Natural and Nuclear Disasters – from the Viewpoint of the R&D of Renewable and Its Current State

The Impact of Renewable Energy Development on Energy and CO2 Emissions in China

The Scottish Government′s Electricity Generation Policy Statement

Transiton to Renewables as a Challenge for the Industry – the German Energiewende from an Industry Perspective

The Decreasing Market Value of Variable Renewables: Integration Options and Deadlocks

Transition to a Fully Sustainable Global Energy System

The Transition to Renewable Energy Systems –

On the Way to a Comprehensive Transition Concept

Renewable Energy Future for the Developing World

An Innovative Concept for Large–Scale Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Plants

Status of Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Development and Deployment: Hyundai′s Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Development as a Best Practice Example

Hydrogen as an Enabler for Renewable Energies

Pre–Investigation of Hydrogen Technologies at Large Scales for Electric Grid Load Balancing

PART II: POWER PRODUCTION

Onshore Wind Energy

Offshore Wind Power

Towards Photovoltaic Technology on the Terawatt Scale: Status and Challenges

Geothermal Power

Catalyzing Growth: An Overview of the United Kingdom′s Burgeoning Marine Energy Industry

Hydropower

The Future Role of Fossil Power Plants –

Design and Implementation

PART III: GAS PRODUCTION

Status on Technologies for Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis

Hydrogen Production by Solar Thermal Methane Reforming

PART IV: BIOMASS

Biomass –

Aspects of Global Resources and Political Opportunities

Flexible Power Generation from Biomass – an Opportunity for a Renewable Sources–Based Energy System?

Options for Biofuel Production –

Status and Perspectives

PART V: STORAGE

Energy Storage Technologies –

Characteristics, Comparison, and Synergies

Advanced Batteries for Electric Vehicles and Energy Storage Systems

Pumped Storage Hydropower

Chemical Storage of Renewable Electricity via Hydrogen –

Principles and Hydrocarbon Fuels as an Example

Geological Storage for the Transition from Natural to Hydrogen Gas

Near–Surface Bulk Storage of Hydrogen

Energy Storage Based on Electrochemical Conversion of Ammonia

PART VI: DISTRIBUTION

Introduction to Transmission Grid Components

Introduction to the Transmission Networks

Smart Grid: Facilitating Cost–Effective Evolution to a Low–Carbon Future

Natural Gas Pipeline Systems

Introduction to a Future Hydrogen Infrastructure

Power to Gas

PART VII: APPLICATIONS

Transition from Petro–Mobility to Electro–Mobility

Nearly Zero, Net Zero, and Plus Energy Buildings –

Theory, Terminology, Tools, and Examples

China Road Map for Building Energy Conservation

Energy Savings Potentials and Technologies in the Industrial Sector: Europe as an Example
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Detlef Stolten is the Director of the Institute of Energy Research at the Forschungszentrum Jülich. Prof. Stolten received his doctorate from the University of Technology at Clausthal,Germany. He served many years as a Research Scientist in the laboratories of Robert Bosch and Daimler Benz/Dornier. In 1998 he accepted the position of Director of the Institute of Materials and Process Technology at the Research Center Jülich. Two years later he became Professor for Fuel Cell Technology at the University of Technology (RWTH) at Aachen. Prof. Stolten′s research focuses on fuel cells, implementing results from research in innovative products, procedures and processes in collaboration with industry, contributing towards bridging the gap between science and technology. His research activities are focused on energy process engineering of SOFC and PEFC systems, i.e. electrochemistry, stack technology, process and systems engineering as well as systems analysis. Prof. Stolten represents Germany in the Executive Committee of the IEA Annex Advanced Fuel Cells and is on the advisory board of the journal Fuel Cells.

Viktor Scherer is the Head of the Department of Energy Plant Technology at the University of Bochum, Germany. He received his doctorate from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technolgy (KIT), Germany. Prof. Scherer worked for more than 10 years in the power plant industry for ABB and Alstom. In 2000 he was appointed as a Professor in Energy Plant Technology at the University of Bochum. His research activities are focused on the analysis and description of chemically reacting flow fields in the energy related industry, like power plant, steel and cement industry. Another research aspect is the integration of membranes for carbon capture into Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power plants. Prof. Scherer is a member of the scientific advisory board of the VGB Power Tech, the European association of power and heat generation.

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