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Fundamentals of Building Construction. Materials and Methods. 6th Edition

  • ID: 2392724
  • Book
  • November 2013
  • 1024 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd

The latest updated edition of the #1 reference on building construction

For the nuts and bolts on building construction practices and materials, thousands of professionals and students of architecture, engineering, and construction technology have turned to Edward Allen and Joseph Iano′s Fundamentals of Building Construction. This new Sixth Edition of the bestselling work provides the most up–to–date survey of the basic materials and methods that are used in contemporary building construction.

Using the latest building codes, standards, and developments in materials and technologies as its basis, this book covers the complete range of construction activities from excavating and foundations to cladding and interior finishes and examines common construction systems, such as light wood frame, masonry bearing wall, steel frame, and reinforced concrete construction.

This Sixth Edition has been fully updated and includes:

  • More than 200 new or updated illustrations and photographs, as well as 70 new photorealistic renderings
  • The latest innovations in glass, concrete, wood, and other materials
  • Updated chapter sections reflecting the latest information and practices on environmental impact, embodied energy and carbon, and sustainability of materials and construction
  • Current 2012 International Building Code®, MasterFormat®2012, and the most recent ASTM references and LEED information
  • Sidebars addressing sustainability considerations
  • "From Concept to Reality" case studies demonstrating how technical decisions are made in real–world building projects
  • Entirely updated end–of–chapter sections, including selected references, web sites, key terminology, review questions, and exercises
  • Completely revised digital learning resources available on the Interactive Resource Center companion site, including new Interactive Exercises, Animations, Flash Cards, Self–Tests, and Image Gallery
  • Icons found throughout the text indicating availability of Interactive Exercises and Animations on the online Interactive Resource Center companion site to expand learning of difficult concepts
  • Companion book, Exercises in Building Construction, available in print or e–book format

Fundamentals of Building Construction, Sixth Edition lays the foundation that every architect and construction professional needs to build a successful career.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

Preface to the Sixth Edition xi

1 Making Buildings 3

Learning to Build 4

Buildings and the Environment 5

The Work of the Design Professional 11

The Work of the Construction Professional 19

Trends in the Delivery of Design and Construction Services 24

2 Foundations and Sitework 31

Foundation Requirements 32

Earth Materials 33

Sustainability of Foundations and the Building Site 39

Earthwork and Excavation 40

Foundations 51

Protecting Foundations from Water, Heat Flow, and Radon Gas 66

Sitework 73

Geotextiles 76

Designing Foundations 77

Foundation Design and the Building Code 78

3 Wood 83

Trees 84

Sustainability of Wood 90

Lumber 90

Wood Products 103

A Naturally Grown Structural Material 108

Plastic Lumber 110

Wood Panel Products 110

Wood Chemical Treatments 118

Wood Fasteners 120

Wood Product Adhesives and Formaldehyde 127

Prefabricated Wood Components 128

Types of Wood Construction 130


French American School

4 Heavy Timber Frame

Construction 139

Fire–Resistive Heavy Timber Construction 142

Sustainability in Heavy Timber Construction 143

Heavy Timber in Other Construction Types 150

Lateral Bracing 152

Cross–Laminated Timber Construction 152

Accommodating Building Services 156

Wood–Concrete Composite Construction 156
Longer Spans in Heavy Timber 157

For Preliminary Design of Heavy Timber Structures 164

Heavy Timber and the Building Codes 164

Uniqueness of Heavy Timber Framing 165

5 Wood Light Frame Construction 171

History 173

Platform Frame 174

Sustainability in Wood Light Frame Construction 176

Foundations for Light Frame Structures 176

Building the Frame 184

Variations on Wood Light Frame Construction 219

For Preliminary Design of a Wood Light Frame Structure 222

Wood Light Frame Construction and the Building Codes 222

Uniqueness of Wood Light Frame Construction 224

6 Exterior Finishes for Wood Light Frame Construction 231

Protection from the Weather 232

Roofing 233

Windows and Doors 240

Paints and Coatings 244
Siding 248

Corner Boards and Exterior Trim 257

Sealing Exterior Joints 258

Sustainability of Paints and Other Architectural Coatings 260

Exterior Painting, Finish Grading, and Landscaping 260

Exterior Construction 260

7 Interior Finishes for Wood Light Frame Construction 265

Completing the Building Enclosure 273

Sustainability of Insulation Materials for Wood Light Frame Construction 282
Wall and Ceiling Finish 285

Millwork and Finish Carpentry 285

Proportioning Fireplaces 286

Proportioning Stairs 300

Flooring and Ceramic Tile Work 302

Finishing Touches 304

8 Brick Masonry 309

History 310

Mortar 313

Sustainability of Brick Masonry 316

Brick Masonry 316

Masonry Wall Construction 339

9 Stone and Concrete Masonry 349

Stone Masonry 350

Sustainability in Stone and Concrete Masonry 362

Concrete Masonry 370

Other Types of Masonry Units 381

Masonry Wall Construction 382

10 Masonry Wall Construction 387

Types of Masonry Walls 388

For Preliminary Design of a Loadbearing Masonry Structure 396

Spanning Systems for Masonry Bearing Wall Construction 396

Detailing Masonry Walls 400

Some Special Problems of Masonry Construction 406

Movement Joints in Buildings 408

Masonry Paving 414
Masonry and the Building Codes 415

Uniqueness of Masonry 415

11 Steel Frame Construction 421

History 422

The Material Steel 424

For Preliminary Design of a Steel Structure 427

Joining Steel Members 435

Details of Steel Framing 441

The Construction Process 451

Fire Protection of Steel Framing 468

Longer Spans and High–Capacity Columns in Steel 473

Fabric Structures 482

Industrialized Systems in Steel 486

Sustainability in Steel Frame Construction 487

Steel and the Building Codes 488

Uniqueness of Steel 488

12 Light Gauge Steel Frame Construction 499

The Concept of Light Gauge Steel Construction 500

Sustainability in Light Gauge Steel Framing 501

Light Gauge Steel Framing 502

Other Uses of Light Gauge Steel Framing 511

For Preliminary Design of a Light Gauge Steel Frame Structure 513

Insulating Light Gauge Steel Frame Structures 513

Advantages and Disadvantages of Steel Framing 514

Light Gauge Steel Framing and the Building Codes 514

Finishes for Light Gauge Steel Framing 514

Metals in Architecture 516


Camera Obscura at Mitchell Park, Greenport, New York

13 Concrete Construction 527

History 528

Cement and Concrete 529

Sustainability in Concrete Construction 532

Making and Placing Concrete 535

Formwork 540

Reinforcing 541

Concrete Creep 555

Prestressing 555

ACI 301 560

Innovations in Concrete Construction 560

14 Sitecast Concrete Framing Systems 565

Casting a Concrete Slab on Grade 567

Casting a Concrete Wall 571

Casting a Concrete Column 577

One–Way Floor and Roof Framing Systems 578

Two–Way Floor and Roof Framing Systems 587

Other Uses of Sitecast Concrete 592

Sitecast Posttensioned Framing Systems 592

Selecting a Sitecast Concrete Framing System 594

Innovations in Sitecast Concrete Construction 594

For Preliminary Design of a Sitecast Concrete Structure 597

Architectural Concrete 600

Cutting Concrete, Stone, and Masonry 604

Longer Spans in Sitecast Concrete 608

Designing Economical Sitecast Concrete Buildings 611

Sitecast Concrete and the Building Codes 611
Uniqueness of Sitecast Concrete 612

15 Precast Concrete Framing Systems 621

Precast, Prestressed Concrete Structural Elements 624

For Preliminary Design of a Precast Concrete Structure 625

Assembly Concepts for Precast Concrete Buildings 626

Manufacture of Precast Concrete Structural Elements 627

Joining Precast Concrete Members 633

Fastening to Concrete 634

Composite Precast/Sitecast Concrete Construction 647

The Construction Process 647

Sustainability in Precast Concrete Construction 648

Precast Concrete and the Building Codes 649

Uniqueness of Precast Concrete 649

16 Roofing 661

Low–Slope Roofs 663

Building Enclosure Essentials: Thermal Insulation and Vapor Retarder 668

Steep Roofs 688

Sustainability in Roofing 702

Cool Roofs 702

Green Roofs 705

Photovoltaic Systems 706

Roofing and the Building Codes 707

Building Enclosure Essentials: Dissimilar Metals and the Galvanic Series 708

17 Glass and Glazing 717

History 718

The Material Glass 720

Sustainability of Glass 722

Glazing 734

Glass and Energy 744

Glass and the Building Codes 747


Skating Rink at Yerba Buena Gardens

18 Windows and Doors 755

Windows 756

Plastics in Building Construction 766

Sustainability of Windows and Doors 777

Doors 777

Other Window and Door Requirements 783

19 Designing Exterior Wall Systems 791

Design Requirements for the Exterior Wall 792

Sustainability of Exterior Wall Systems 797

Conceptual Approaches to Watertightness in the Exterior Wall 798

Sealing Joints in the Exterior Wall 803

Loadbearing Walls and Curtain Walls 807

Building Enclosure Essentials: Air Barrier 808

The Exterior Wall and the Building Codes 812

20 Cladding with Masonry and Concrete 817

Masonry Veneer Curtain Walls 818

Stone Curtain Walls 825

Precast Concrete Curtain Walls 830

Exterior Insulation and Finish System 836

Keeping Water Out with Masonry and Concrete Cladding 840


Seattle University School of Law

21 Cladding with Metal and Glass 847

Aluminum Extrusions 848

Sustainability of Aluminum Cladding Components 852

Aluminum and Glass Framing Systems 854

Double–Skin Facades 868

Sloped Glazing 869

The Curtain Wall Design and Construction Process 869

Metal Panel Cladding 871

22 Selecting Interior Finishes 877

Installation of Mechanical and Electrical Services 878

The Sequence of Interior Finishing Operations 880

Sustainability of Interior Finishes 882

Selecting Interior Finishes 883

Trends in Interior Finish Systems 888

23 Interior Walls and Partitions 891

Types of Interior Walls 892

Framed Partition Systems 893

Sustainability of Gypsum Products 898

Plaster Ornament 910

Masonry Partition Systems 924

Wall and Partition Facings 924

24 Finish Ceilings and Floors 931

Finish Ceilings 932

Types of Ceilings 932

Sustainability of Finish Ceilings and Floors 943

Finish Flooring 944

Types of Finish Flooring Materials 948

Flooring Thickness 961

Appendix 966

Glossary 968

Index 999

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
Edward Allen
Joseph Iano
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown