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Remote Sensing of Active Volcanism. Geophysical Monograph Series

  • ID: 2489188
  • Book
  • January 2000
  • 272 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 116.

Remote sensing is an essential tool for many Earth and planetary scientists. When studying the atmosphere, the land, the ocean floor, or for that matter the surfaces of other planets, remote sensing has deepened and expanded our understanding in immediate and dramatic ways. This is especially true for volcanologists concerned with active volcanic processes. Technological advances in collecting data from a satellite or an aircraft, however, also require human skills specific to the medium, and nowhere more so than in processing and interpreting data in ways that are different from those skills needed with a field–oriented approach. In this volume on the remote sensing of active volcanoes, we clarify and address those differences. At the same time, we seek to stimulate greater interaction between remote sensing specialists and field volcanologists, aided by the tutorials and background information we have included.
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Dedication to Peter Francis
Dave Rothery, Shan de Silva, and Peter Mouginis–Mark vii

Peter J. Mouginis–Mark, Joy A. Crisp, and Jonathan H. Fink ix

Peter J. Mouginis–Mark, Joy A. Crisp, and Jonathan H. Fink 1

Acquisition of Satellite Data for Volcano Studies
Peter J. Mouginis–Mark and Natalie Domergue–Schmidt 9

Volcanic Plumes

Ultraviolet Remote Sensing of Volcanic Emissions
Arlin J. Krueger, Stephen J. Schaefer, Nickolay Krotkov, Gregg Bluth, and Sharon Barker  25

TOMS and AVHRR Observations of Drifting Volcanic Clouds From the August 1991
Eruptions of Cerro Hudson
Emily K. Constantine, Gregg J. S. Bluth, and William I. Rose 45

Monitoring and Analyses of Volcanic Activity Using Remote Sensing Data at the Alaska Volcano
Observatory: Case Study for Kamchatka, Russia, December 1997
D. J. Schneider, K. G. Dean, J. Dehn, T. P. Miller, andV. Yu. Kirianov 65

Retrieval of Sulfate and Silicate Ash Masses in Young (1 to 4 Days Old) Eruption Clouds Using
Multiband Infrared HIRS/2 Data
Tianxu Yu and William I. Rose  87

Volcanic Gases

The Potential Use of Earth Observing System Data to Monitor the Passive Emission of Sulfur
Dioxide From Volcanoes
V. J. Realmuto 101

Passive Infrared Spectroscopic Remote Sensing of Volcanic Gases: Ground–Based Studies at
White Island and Ruapehu, New Zealand, and Popocatepetl, Mexico
Steven P. Love, Fraser Goff, Stephen C. Schmidt, Dale Counce, Donald Pettit, Bruce W. Christenson,
and Claus Siebe 117

Thermal Properties

Real–time Satellite Monitoring of Volcanic Hot Spots
Andrew J. L. Harris, Luke P. Flynn, Ken Dean, Eric Pilger, Martin Wooster, Chris Okubo, Peter Mouginis–Mark, Harold Garbeil, Carl Thornber, Servando De la Cruz–Reyna, Dave Rothery, and Robert Wright 139

High–Spatial–Resolution Thermal Remote Sensing of Active Volcanic Features Using Landsat and
Hyperspectral Data
Luke R Flynn, Andrew J. L. Harris, David A. Rothery, and Clive Oppenheimer 161

Deformation and Topography

Remote Sensing of Volcano Surface and Internal Processes Using Radar Interferometry
Howard A. Zebker, Falk Amelung, and Sjonni Jonsson 179

Remote Sensing of Volcano Deformation by Radar Interferometry from Various Satellites
Didier Massonnet and Freysteinn Sigmundsson 207

Slopes of Oceanic Basalt Volcanoes
Scott K. Rowland and Harold Garbeil 223

Using Airborne Laser Altimetry to Detect Topographic Change at Long Valley Caldera, California
M. A. Hofton, J.–B. Minster, J. R. Ridgway N. R Williams, J. B. Blair, D. L Rabine, and J. L. Button  249


List of Acronyms 265

Volcanoes Included in This Volume 267

Wavelength Regions for Volcano Studies 269

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
Peter J. Mouginis–Mark
Joy A. Crisp
Jonathan H. Fink
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown