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Ecosystems and Land Use Change. Edition No. 1. Geophysical Monograph Series

  • ID: 2489221
  • Book
  • January 2004
  • 344 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 153.

Land use is at the center of one of the most vexing challenges for the coming decades: to provide enough food, fiber and shelter for the world's population; raise the standard of living for the billion people currently below the poverty line; and simultaneously sustain the world's ecosystems for use by humans and other species. The intended consequence of cropland expansion, urban growth, and other land use changes is to satisfy demands from the increasing appetite of the world's population. Unintended consequences, however, can alter ecological processes and have far-reaching and long-term effects that potentially compromise the basic functioning of ecosystems.

Recently, the scientific community has begun to confront such issues. Several national and international programs have been at the forefront of scientific enquiry on the causes and consequences of land use change, including: the Land Use and Land Cover Change Program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Land Use program element in the interagency U.S. Climate Change Science Program, and the International Geosphere-Biosphere's Land Use and Cover Change (LUCC) core project. The result has been significant advances in understanding the complex socioeconomic, technological, and biophysical factors that drive land use change worldwide.

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Ruth S. DeFries, Gregory P. Asner, and Richard A. Houghton vii

Trade-Offs in Land-Use Decisions: Towards a Framework for Assessing Multiple
Ecosystem Responses to Land-Use Change
Ruth S. DeFries, Gregory P. Asner, and Richard Houghton 1

Section I. The Multiple Ecosystem Responses to Land-Use Change

Hydrological Consequences of Land Use Change: A Review of the State-of-the-Science
Keith N. Eshleman 13

Impacts of Agriculture on Aquatic Ecosystems in the Humid United States
Kenneth W. Potter, Jamie C. Douglas, and Edmund M. Brick 31

Hydro-Ecologic Responses to Land Use in Small Urbanizing Watersheds Within the
Chesapeake Bay Watershed
Glenn E. Moglen, Karen C. Nelson, Margaret A. Palmer, James E. Pizzuto, Catriona E. Rogers, and Mohamad I. Hejazi 41

Biogeophysical Feedbacks Between Land Cover and Climate
Gordon B. Bonan 61

Implications of Tropical Deforestation for Regional and Global Hydroclimate
Roni Avissar, Renato Ramos da Silva, and David Werth 73

Effects of Land-Use Change on the Carbon Balance of Terrestrial Ecosystems
R. A. Houghton and C. L. Goodale 85

Biogeochemistry of Desertification and Woody Encroachment in Grazing Systems
Gregory P. Asner and Roberta E. Martin 99

Nitrogen Emissions Along the Colorado Front Range: Response to Population Growth,
Land and Water Use Change, and Agriculture
J. S. Baron, S. Del Grosso, D. S. Ojima, D. M. Theobald, and W. J. Parton 117

Effects of Urbanization on Nutrient Biogeochemistry of Aridland Streams
Nancy B. Grimm, J. Ramon Arrowsmith, Chris Eisinger, James Heffernan, Amanda MacLeod,
David B. Lewis, tela Prashad, Tyler Rychener, W. John Roach, and Richard W. Sheibley 129

Loss of Nutrients From Terrestrial Ecosystems to Streams and the Atmosphere Following
Land Use Change in Amazonia
Eric A. Davidson, Christopher Neil I, Alex V. Krusche, Victoria V. R. Ballester, Daniel Markewitz, and Ricardo de O. Figueiredo 147

Land Use Change and Human Health
Jonathan A. Patz and Douglas E. Norris 159

Land-Use Change and Infectious Disease in West Africa
M. C. Thomson, P. J. Ericksen, A. Ben Mohamed, and S. J. Connor 169

Rapid Land-Use Change and Its Impacts on Tropical Biodiversity
William E Lauranee 189

Section II. Observing, Forecasting, and Hindcasting Land-Use Change

Footprints From the Past: Blueprint for the Future?
Kees Klein Goldewijk 203

Landscape Level Analysis of the Spatial and Temporal Complexity of Land-Use Change
Peter H. Verburg, A. Veldkamp, Louise Willemen, Koen P. Overmars, and Jean-Christophe Castella 21 7

Observing and Monitoring Land Use and Land Cover Change
Thomas R. Loveland and Ruth S. DeFries 231

Section III. Regional Case Studies of Ecosystem Interactions With Land-Use Change

Land Use, Land Cover, and Climate Change Across the Mississippi Basin: Impacts on
Selected Land and Water Resources
Jonathan A. Foley, Christopher J. Kucharik, Tracy E. Twine, Michael T. Coe, and Simon D. Donner 249

Integrated Analysis of Ecosystem Interactions With Land Use Change: The Chesapeake Bay Watershed
Scott J. Goetz, Claire A. Jantz, Stephen D. Prince, Andrew J. Smith, Dmitry Varlyguin, and Robb K. Wright 263

Integrated Analysis of Ecosystem Interactions With Land-Use Change: The Southern
Yucatan Peninsular Region
Deborah Lawrence, Henricus F. A/I. Vester, Diego Perez-Salicrup, J. Ronald Eastman, B. L. Turner II, and Jacqueline Geoghegan 277

Eurasian Land Use Impacts on Rangeland Productivity
Dennis S. Ojima, Togtohyn Chuluun, Boldyn Bolortsetseg, Compton J. Tucker, and Jeff Hicke 293

Long-Term Ecological Changes in the Densely Populated Rural Landscapes of China
Erie C. Ellis 303

The Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia: Analyzing Regional Land Use Change Effects
Michael Keller, Maria Assungao Silva-Dias, Daniel C. Nepstad, and Meinrat O. Andreae 321


Typological Responses of Ecosystems to Land Use Change
Gregory P. Asner, Ruth  DeFries, and Richard Houghton  337

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Ruth DeFries
Gregory Asner
Richard Houghton
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown