Ecosystems and Land Use Change. Volume 153. Geophysical Monograph Series

  • ID: 2489221
  • Book
  • 344 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 153.

Land use is at the center of one of the most vexing challenges for the coming decades: to provide enough food, fiber and shelter for the world′s population; raise the standard of living for the billion people currently below the poverty line; and simultaneously sustain the world′s ecosystems for use by humans and other species. The intended consequence of cropland expansion, urban growth, and other land use changes is to satisfy demands from the increasing appetite of the world′s population. Unintended consequences, however, can alter ecological processes and have far–reaching and long–term effects that potentially compromise the basic functioning of ecosystems.

Recently, the scientific community has begun to confront such issues. Several national and international programs have been at the forefront of scientific enquiry on the causes and consequences of land use change, including: the Land Use and Land Cover Change Program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Land Use program element in the interagency U.S. Climate Change Science Program, and the International Geosphere–Biosphere′s Land Use and Cover Change (LUCC) core project. The result has been significant advances in understanding the complex socioeconomic, technological, and biophysical factors that drive land use change worldwide.

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PrefaceRuth S. DeFries, Gregory P. Asner, and Richard A. Houghton vii

Trade–Offs in Land–Use Decisions: Towards a Framework for Assessing Multiple
Ecosystem Responses to Land–Use ChangeRuth S. DeFries, Gregory P. Asner, and Richard Houghton 1

Section I. The Multiple Ecosystem Responses to Land–Use Change

Hydrological Consequences of Land Use Change: A Review of the State–of–the–ScienceKeith N. Eshleman 13

Impacts of Agriculture on Aquatic Ecosystems in the Humid United StatesKenneth W. Potter, Jamie C. Douglas, and Edmund M. Brick 31

Hydro–Ecologic Responses to Land Use in Small Urbanizing Watersheds Within the
Chesapeake Bay WatershedGlenn E. Moglen, Karen C. Nelson, Margaret A. Palmer, James E. Pizzuto, Catriona E. Rogers, and Mohamad I. Hejazi 41

Biogeophysical Feedbacks Between Land Cover and ClimateGordon B. Bonan 61

Implications of Tropical Deforestation for Regional and Global HydroclimateRoni Avissar, Renato Ramos da Silva, and David Werth 73

Effects of Land–Use Change on the Carbon Balance of Terrestrial EcosystemsR. A. Houghton and C. L. Goodale 85

Biogeochemistry of Desertification and Woody Encroachment in Grazing SystemsGregory P. Asner and Roberta E. Martin 99

Nitrogen Emissions Along the Colorado Front Range: Response to Population Growth,
Land and Water Use Change, and AgricultureJ. S. Baron, S. Del Grosso, D. S. Ojima, D. M. Theobald, and W. J. Parton 117

Effects of Urbanization on Nutrient Biogeochemistry of Aridland StreamsNancy B. Grimm, J. Ramon Arrowsmith, Chris Eisinger, James Heffernan, Amanda MacLeod,David B. Lewis, tela Prashad, Tyler Rychener, W. John Roach, and Richard W. Sheibley 129

Loss of Nutrients From Terrestrial Ecosystems to Streams and the Atmosphere Following
Land Use Change in AmazoniaEric A. Davidson, Christopher Neil I, Alex V. Krusche, Victoria V. R. Ballester, Daniel Markewitz, and Ricardo de O. Figueiredo 147

Land Use Change and Human HealthJonathan A. Patz and Douglas E. Norris 159

Land–Use Change and Infectious Disease in West AfricaM. C. Thomson, P. J. Ericksen, A. Ben Mohamed, and S. J. Connor 169

Rapid Land–Use Change and Its Impacts on Tropical BiodiversityWilliam E Lauranee 189

Section II. Observing, Forecasting, and Hindcasting Land–Use Change

Footprints From the Past: Blueprint for the Future?Kees Klein Goldewijk 203

Landscape Level Analysis of the Spatial and Temporal Complexity of Land–Use Change
Peter H. Verburg, A. Veldkamp, Louise Willemen, Koen P. Overmars, and Jean–Christophe Castella 21 7

Observing and Monitoring Land Use and Land Cover ChangeThomas R. Loveland and Ruth S. DeFries 231

Section III. Regional Case Studies of Ecosystem Interactions With Land–Use Change

Land Use, Land Cover, and Climate Change Across the Mississippi Basin: Impacts on
Selected Land and Water ResourcesJonathan A. Foley, Christopher J. Kucharik, Tracy E. Twine, Michael T. Coe, and Simon D. Donner 249

Integrated Analysis of Ecosystem Interactions With Land Use Change: The Chesapeake Bay WatershedScott J. Goetz, Claire A. Jantz, Stephen D. Prince, Andrew J. Smith, Dmitry Varlyguin, and Robb K. Wright 263

Integrated Analysis of Ecosystem Interactions With Land–Use Change: The Southern
Yucatan Peninsular RegionDeborah Lawrence, Henricus F. A/I. Vester, Diego Perez–Salicrup, J. Ronald Eastman, B. L. Turner II, and Jacqueline Geoghegan 277

Eurasian Land Use Impacts on Rangeland ProductivityDennis S. Ojima, Togtohyn Chuluun, Boldyn Bolortsetseg, Compton J. Tucker, and Jeff Hicke 293

Long–Term Ecological Changes in the Densely Populated Rural Landscapes of ChinaErie C. Ellis 303

The Large–Scale Biosphere–Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia: Analyzing Regional Land Use Change EffectsMichael Keller, Maria Assungao Silva–Dias, Daniel C. Nepstad, and Meinrat O. Andreae 321

Conclusion

Typological Responses of Ecosystems to Land Use ChangeGregory P. Asner, Ruth  DeFries, and Richard Houghton  337

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Ruth DeFries
Gregory Asner
Richard Houghton
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