Particle Acceleration in Astrophysical Plasmas. Geospace and Beyond. Volume 156. Geophysical Monograph Series

  • ID: 2489224
  • Book
  • 278 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 156.

Space is dominated by plasma and a myriad of physical processes through which it has been evolving for billions of years. In our effort to understand what the universe has been and what it will become, we turn to the nature of matter, space, and the various interactions that change this environment. Our contact with the remote regions of the universe is dominated by the photons and high–energy particles produced there long ago, with light often the result of physical processes that involve particles accelerated to high energy. Developing our knowledge of particle acceleration across all spatial scales and energies is one of the keys to understanding the evolving universe. It is also the subject of this book.
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PrefaceD. L. Gallagher, J. L Horwitz, J. D. Perez, R. D. Preece, and J. J. Quenby vii

Introduction to Particle Acceleration in the CosmosD. L. Gallagher, J. L. Horwitz, J. D. Perez, and J. J. Quenby  1

Shock Acceleration

Diffusive Shock Acceleration in AstrophysicsJ. J. Quenby and A. Meli 9

On Bow Shock Source of Cusp Energetic IonsShen–Wu Chang and Karlheinz J. Trattner 21

Generation of Diamagnetic Cavities at the Bow Shock by Ion Kinetic EffectsYu Lin 31

Diffusive Compression AccelerationJoe Giacalone, Jack R. Jokipii, and Jozsef Kota 41

Particle Acceleration and Transport at CME–Driven Shocks: A Case StudyGang Li, G. P. Zank, M. I. Desai, G M. Mason, and W.K.M. Rice 51

Cosmic Ray Acceleration at Relativistic Shock Waves With a "Realistic" Magnetic Field StructureJacek Niemiec and Michal Ostrowski 59

Kinetics of Particles in Relativistic Collisionless ShocksMikhail V. Medvedev, Luis O. Silva, Ricardo A. Fonseca, J. W. Tonge, and Warren B. Mori 65

Studies of Relativistic Shock AccelerationA. Meli and J. J. Quenby 71

Energy Spectra of Energetic Ions Around Quasi–Parallel ShocksT. Sugijama, M. Fujimoto, and H. Matsumoto 87

Particle Acceleration in Shell Supernova Remnants: Observational EvidenceStephen P. Reynolds 97

Waves and Turbulence Acceleration Overview: Particle Acceleration by Waves and TurbulenceRobert Y. Lysak 107

The Connection Between Parallel Electric Fields and Ion Acceleration in Astrophysical PlasmasF.J. Lund 109

Simulation Study of Beam–Plasma Interaction and Associated Acceleration of Background IonsX. Y. Wang and Y. Lin 117

Particle Acceleration and Current Disruption From the Cross–Field Current InstabilityAnthony T. Y. Lui 125

Magnetic Energy Storage and Stochastic Acceleration

The Role of Electron Acceleration in Quick Reconnection TriggeringMasaki Fujimoto and Iku Shinohara 139

The Hall Current System for Magnetic Reconnection in the MagnetotailT. Nagai and M. Fujimoto 149

Plasma Acceleration due to Transition Region ReconnectionJ. Buchner, B. Nikutowski, and A. Otto 161

RHESSI Observations of Particle Acceleration in Solar FlaresR. P. Lin 171

Magnetohydrodynamic Analysis of the January 20, 2001, CME–CME Interaction EffectA. H. Wang, S. T. Wu, and N. Gopalswamy 185

The Quadrupole as a Source of Cusp Energetic Particles: I. General ConsiderationsRobert B. Sheldon, Theodore A. Fritz, and Jiasheng Chen 197

Adiabatic, Diffusive, and Double Layer Acceleration

Electron Phasespace Density Analysis Based on Test–Particle Simulations of Magnetospheric
Compression EventsJennifer L. Cannon and Xinlin Li 205

Parameterization of Ring Current Adiabatic EnergizationM. W. Liemohn and G. V. Khazanov 215

Interrelation Among Double Layers, Parallel Electric Fields, and Density DepletionsNagendra Singh 231

Acceleration and Outflow of Matter From Celestial ObjectsRickard Lundin, Stanislav Barabash, and Anatol Guglielmi 249

Studies of Exotic Acceleration Processes and Fundamental Physics

Exotic Acceleration Processes and Fundamental PhysicsGiovanni Amelino–Camelia 265

Improving Limits on Planck–Scale Lorentz Symmetry Test TheoriesGiovanni Amelino–Camelia 269

Spectral Evolution of Two High–Energy Gamma–Ray BurstsYuki Kaneko, Robert D. Preece, Maria Magdalena Gonzalez, Brenda L. Dingus, and Michael S. Briggs 275

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Dennis Gallagher
James Horwitz
Joseph Perez
Robert Preece
John Quenby
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