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Dynamics of Fluids in Fractured Rock. Volume 122. Geophysical Monograph Series

  • ID: 2489267
  • Book
  • January 2000
  • 410 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 122.

Among the current problems that hydrogeologists face, perhaps there is none as challenging as the characterization of fractured rock. Within hydrogeological systems, general issues concerning groundwater flow and environmental remediation cannot be resolved in any practical manner prior to investigating the nature and vagaries of the fracture networks themselves. Comparable difficulties arise when developing economic programs for the exploitation of oil, gas, and geothermal reservoirs in fractured rock. Equal, if not greater, difficulties have commanded our attention relatively recently in regard to the storing of spent fuel generated by nuclear power plants. For example, if we are to isolate spent nuclear fuel in underground rock systems, we must construct a repository to protect the biosphere from contamination by radioactivity while subjecting the total rock system to a significant thermal field for many thousands of years. Predicting the behavior of a waste repository under such conditions, especially in fractured rock, is a formidable task.
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Boris Faybishenko and Sally M. Benson ix

Investigations at Berkeley on Fracture Flow in Rocks: From the Parallel Plate Model to Chaotic Systems
Paul A. Witherspoon 1

Field Testing

A Brief Survey of Hydraulic Tests in Fractured Rocks
Paul A. Hsieh  59

Unresolved Problems in Vadose Zone Hydrology and Contaminant Transport
William A. Jury and Zhi Wang 67

Geostatistical, Type–Curve, and Inverse Analyses of Pneumatic Injection Tests in Unsaturated
Fractured Tuffs at the Apache Leap Research Site Near Superior, Arizona
Guoliang Chen, Walter A. Illman, Dick L. Thompson, VelimirV Vessel inov, and Shlomo P. Neuman 73

Estimation of the Heterogeneity of Fracture Permeability by Simultaneous Modeling of
Multiple Air–Injection Tests in Partially Saturated Fractured Tuff
Y. W. Tsang, K. Huang, and G. S. Bodvarsson 99

Estimation of Regional Recharge and Travel Time Through the Unsaturated Zone in Arid Climates
Alan L. Flint, Lorraine E. Flint, Joseph A. Hevesi, Frank DAgnese, and Claudia Flint 115

Spatial and Temporal Instabilities in Water Flow Through Variably Saturated Fractured Basalt
on a One–Meter Field Scale
Robert K. Podgorney Thomas R. Wood, Boris Faybishenko, and Thomas M. Stoops 129

Laboratory Testing

Overview of Preferential Flow in Unsaturated Fractures
Grace W. Su, Jil T Geller, Karsten Pruess, and James Hunt 147

Fracture–Matrix Flow: Quantification and Visualization Using X–Ray Computerized Tomography
A. S. Grader, M. Balzarini, F Radaelli, G. Capasso, and A. Pellegrino 157

Role of Fracture Geometry in the Evolution of Flow Paths Under Stress
S. Gentier, D. Hopkins, and J. Riss 169

Fracture Network Models

Predicting Hydrology of Fractured Rock Masses from Geology
Paul R. La Pointe 185

Fracture Spatial Density and the Anisotropic Connectivity of Fracture Networks
Carl E. Renshaw 203

Modeling Flow and Transport

Fluid Flow in Rock Fractures: From the Navier–Stokes Equations to the Cubic Law
Robert W. Zimmerman and In–Wook Yeo 213

Multiphase Flow in Fractured Rocks Some Lessons Learned from Mathematical Models
Karsten Pruess 225

Physical Considerations in the Upscaling of Immiscible Displacements in a Fractured Medium
Y. C Yortsos 235

Mixed Discrete–Continuum Models: A Summary of Experiences in Test Interpretation
and Model Prediction
Jesus Carrera and Lurdes Martinez–Landa 251

A Discrete–Fracture Boundary Integral Approach to Simulating Coupled Energy and
Moisture Transport in a Fractured Porous Medium
Stuart Stothoffand Dani Or 267

Critique of Dual Continuum Formulations of Multicomponent Reactive Transport in Fractured Porous Media
Peter C Lichtner 281

On the Effective Continuum Method for Modeling Multiphase Flow, Multicomponent
Transport, and Heat Transfer in Fractured Rock
Yu–ShuWu 299

Effective–Porosity and Dual–Porosity Approaches to Solute Transport in the Saturated Zone
at Yucca Mountain: Implications for Repository Performance Assessment
Bill W. Arnold, Hubao Zhang, and Alva M. Parsons 313

Radionuclide Transport in the Unsaturated Zone at Yucca Mountain: Numerical Model
and Preliminary Field Observations
Bruce A. Robinson and Gilles Y Bussod 323

Isotopic Methods

Using Environmental Tracers to Constrain Flow Parameters in Fractured Rock Aquifers:
Clare Valley, South Australia
Peter G. Cook and Craig T. Simmons 337

Use of Chlorine–36 Data to Evaluate Fracture Flow and Transport Models at
Yucca Mountain, Nevada
Andrew Wolfsberg, Katherine Campbell, and June Fabryka–Martin 349

Geothermal Reservoirs

Pressure Interference Tests in a Fractured Geothermal Reservoir: Oguni Geothermal Field,
Northern Kyushu, Japan
Sabodh K. Garg and Shigetaka Nakanishi 363

Evaluation of Geothermal Well Behavior Using Inverse Modeling
Stefan Finsterle, Grimur Bjdrnsson, Karsten Pruess, and Alfredo Battistelli 377

Remediation in Fractured Systems

Basic Research Strategies for Resolving Remediation Needs in Contaminated Fractured Media
R M. Jardine, S. C. Brooks, G. V. Wilson, and W. E. Sanford 389

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Boris Faybishenko
Paul A. Witherspoon
Sally M. Benson
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown