The Oceans and Rapid Climate Change. Past, Present, and Future. Volume 126. Geophysical Monograph Series

  • ID: 2489271
  • Book
  • 294 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Ocean impacts on Earth′s climate are due to thermal, freshwater, and dynamic interactions between elements of the climate system.The Oceans and Rapid Climate Change: Past, Present, and Future presents a unique multidisciplinary perspective on rapid past and possible future climate change. By focusing on ocean processes in conjunction with other climatic elements, the authors of this volume address fundamental unresolved issues of climatology and paleoclimatology, including factors that may influence internal long–term variability of the climate system. Discussions of paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic reconstructions parallel efforts in modeling past and future, colder and warmer, climates. A significant resource for scientists, researchers, students and others interested in paleoclimatology, paleoceanography, and the future of Earth′s climate system.
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PrefaceDan Seidov, Bernd J. Haupt, and Mark Maslin vii

Ocean Currents of Change: IntroductionEric J. Barron and Dan Seidov 1

Section I: Data and Climate Models: Windows to the Past

Synthesis of the Nature and Causes of Rapid Climate Transitions During the QuaternaryMark Maslin, Dan Seidov, and John Lowe 9

The Big Climate Amplifier Ocean Circulation–Sea Ice–Storminess–Dustiness–AlbedoWallace S. Broecker 53

Stochastic Resonance in the North Atlantic: Further InsightsR. B. Alley, S. Anandakrishnan, P. Jung, and A. Clough 57

Late Holocene (cal ka) Trends and Century–Scale Variability of N. Iceland Marine Records: Measures of Surface Hydrography, Productivity, and Land/Ocean InteractionsJohn T. Andrews, Greta B. Kristjansdottir, Aslaug Geirsdottir, Jorunn Hardarddttir, Gudrun Helgadottir, Amy E. Sveinsbjomdottir, Anne E. Jennings, and L. Micaela Smith 69

Changes of Potential Density Gradients in the Northwestern North Atlantic During the Last Climatic Cycle Based on a Multiproxy ApproachClaude Hillaire–Marcel, Anne de Vernal, Laurence Candon, Guy Bilodeau, and Joseph Stoner 83

Lower Circumpolar Deep Water Flow Through the SW Pacific Gateway for the Last 190 Icy:
Evidence From Antarctic DiatomsCatherine E. Stickley, Lionel Carter, I. Nick McCave, andPhil P. E. Weaver 101

Modeling abrupt Climatic Change During the Last GlaciationMichel Crucifix, Philippe Tulkens, and Andre Berger  117

Simulating Climates of the Last Glacial Maximum and of the Mid–Holocene: Wind Changes, Atmosphere–Ocean Interactions, and Tropical ThermoclineAndrew B. G. Bush 135

Section II: Ocean and Climate Models: Bridges from Past to Future

Ocean Bi–Polar Seesaw and Climate: Southern Versus Northern Meltwater ImpactsDan Seidov, Bernd J. Haupt, Eric J. Barron, and Mark Maslin 147

Glacial–to–lnterglacial Changes of the Ocean Circulation and Eolian Sediment TransportBernd J. Haupt, Dan Seidov, and Eric J. Barron 169

On the Response of the Atlantic Ocean to Climatic Changes in High Latitudes: Sensitivity Studies with a Sigma Coordinate Ocean ModelTal Ezer 199

The Effects of Vertical Mixing on the Circulation of the AABW in the AtlanticIgor V. Kamenkovich and Paul J. Coodman 217

The Influence of Deep Ocean Diffusivity on the Temporal Variability of the Thermohaline CirculationKotaro Sakai and W. Richard Peltier 227

The Climatic Influence of Drake PassageH. Bjornsson and J. R. Toggweiler  243

Stability and Variability of the Thermohaline Circulation in the Past and Future: A Study With a Coupled Model of Intermediate ComplexityAndrey Ganopolski and Stefan Rahmstorf  261

The Future of the Thermohaline Circulation – A PerspectiveThomas E Stocker, Reto Knutti, and Gian–Kasper Plattner 277

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Dan Seidov
Bernd J. Haupt
Mark A. Maslin
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