Mountain Building in the Uralides. Pangea to the Present. Volume 132. Geophysical Monograph Series

  • ID: 2489275
  • Book
  • 286 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 132.

Extending for more than 2000 kilometers from the islands of Novaya Zemlya in the north to the Aral Sea in the south, the Uralide orogen forms the geographical and geological divide between Europe and Asia. For more than a century the Uralides have been one of the key areas of geological research in Russia, and have provided much of its mineral and petroleum wealth for the last 50 years. Nevertheless, the geology and tectonic evolution of the Uralide orogen were relatively unknown in the international literature until recently, when EUROPROBE and GEODE (European Science Foundation scientific programmes) brought together Russian, European, and American earth scientists to work in the Uralides project and the Urals Mineral Province project, respectively. Much of the recent research has focused around two deep seismic surveys, Europrobe′s Seismic Reflection Profiling in the Urals (ESRU) survey in the Middle Urals and the multicomponent Urals Seismic Experiment and Integrated Studies (URSEIS) survey in the South Urals. These experiments were accompanied by a large number of geological, geochemical, geochronological, and geophysical studies.
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PrefaceDennis Brown, Christopher Juhlin, and Victor Puchkov vii

IntroductionDennis Brown, Christopher Juhlin, and Victor Puchkov 1

Section 1 . Crustal Structure and Orogen Evolution

Paleozoic Evolution of the East European Continental Margin Involved in the Uralide OrogenyV. Puchkov 9

The Crustal Architecture of the Southern and Middle Urals From the URSEIS, ESRU, and Alapaev Reflection Seismic SurveysD. Brown, C. Juhlin, A. Tryggvason, D. Steer, P. Ayarza, A/I. Beckholmen, A. Rybalka, and M. Bliznetsov 33

Insights Into the Architecture and Evolution of the Southern and Middle Urals From Gravity and Magnetic DataG. S. Kimbell, C. Ayala, A. Gerdes, M. K. Kaban, V. A. Shapiro, and Y. P. Menshikov 49

Role of a Phase: Change Moho in Stabilization and Preservation of the Southern Uralide Orogen, RussiaCamelia C. Diaconescu and James H. Knapp 67

Tectonic Processes During Collisional Orogenesis From Comparison of the Southern Uralides With the Central VariscidesJ. Alvarez–Marron 83

Section 2. Arc–Continent Collision in the Uralides

Arc–Continent Collision in the Southern Urals: Petrogenetic Aspects of the Forearc–Arc ComplexP. Spadea, M. D′Antonio, A. Kosarev, Y. Gorozhanina, and D. Brown 101

Ophiolites and Zoned Mafic–Ultramafic Massifs of the Urals: A Comparative Analysis and Some Tectonic
ImplicationsG. N. Savelieva, A. Ya. Sharaskin, A. A. Saveliev, P. Spadea, A. N. Pertsev, and I. I. Babarina 135

Massive Sulfide Deposits in the South Urals: Geological Setting Within the Framework of the Uralide OrogenR. J. Herrington, R. N. Armstrong, V. V. Zaykov, V. V. Maslennikov, S. G. Tessalina, J.–J. Orgeval,and R. N. A. Taylor 155

Surface Signals of an Arc–Continent Collision: The Detritus of the Upper Devonian Zilair Formation in the Southern Urals, RussiaA. P. Willner, T. Ermolaeva, Y N. Gorozhanina, V. N. Puchkov, A/I. Arzhavitina, V. N. Pazukhin, U. Kramm, and R. Walter 183

Section 3. Melt Generation, Emplacement and Geochronology

Granitoids of the Uralides: Implications for the Evolution of the OrogenF. Bea, G. B. Fershtater, and P. Montero 211

Four Decades of Geochronological Work in the Southern and Middle Urals: A ReviewJ. H. Scarrow, R. Hetzel, V. M. Gorozhanin, M. Dinn, J. Glodny, A. Gerdes, C. Ayala, and P. Montero 233

Section 4. Late– to Post–Orogenic History and the Uplift of the Ural Mountains

The Syn– and Post–Orogenic Low Temperature Events in the Southern and Middle Urals:
Evidence From Fission–Track AnalysisD. Seward, D. Brown, R. Hetzel, M. Friberg, A. Gerdes, G. A. Petrov, and A. Perez–Estaun 257

Constraints on the Neogene–Quaternary Geodynamics of the Southern Urals: Comparative Study
of Neotectonic Data and Results of Strength and Strain Modeling Along the URSEIS ProfileV. O. Mikhailov, A. V. Tevelev, R. G. Berzin, E. A. Kiseleva, E. I. Smolyaninova,A. K. Suleimanov, and E. P. Timoshkina 273

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Dennis Brown
Christopher Juhlin
Victor Puchkov
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