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Earth's Deep Interior. Mineral Physics and Tomography From the Atomic to the Global Scale. Volume 117. Geophysical Monograph Series

  • ID: 2496184
  • Book
  • Region: Global
  • 290 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 117.

Earth is a dynamically evolving planet with large–scale flow and chemical differentiation occurring throughout history. These processes include not only mantle convection and related phenomena but also core processes that have an important influence on the generation of the magnetic field. Deep processes in Earth, however, have long been matters for speculation without many observational constraints. Fortunately, during the last 10 years or so this situation has changed dramatically. Enhancements in the capacity of high resolution seismology to probe the fine structures of Earth′s deep interior (via seismic tomography, for example) and technical advances in mineral and rock physics, which have provided new and improved data bases for interpreting seismological observations, are essential developments.
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PrefaceShun–ichiro Karato, Lars Stixrude, Robert C. Liebermann, Guy Masters, and Alessandro Forte vii

Introduction: Probing Earth′s Deep InteriorShun–ichiro Karato, Alessandro Forte, Robert C. Liebermann, Guy Masters, and Lars Stixrude 1

Seismic–Geodynamic Constraints on Mantle Flow: Implications for Layered Convection,
Mantle Viscosity, and Seismic Anisotropy in the Deep MantleAlessandro M. Forte 3

Dynamics of the Earth′s CoreBruce A. Buffett 37

Seismic Tomography
The Relative Behavior of Shear Velocity, Bulk Sound Speed, and Compressional Velocity in the Mantle:
Implications for Chemical and Thermal StructureGuy Masters, Gabi Laske, Harold Bolton, and Adam Dziewonski 63

Inner Core Anisotropy and RotationKenneth C. Creager 89

Upper Mantle Seismic DiscontinuitiesPeter M. Shearer 115

Seismic Anisotropy in the Boundary Layers of the MantleJ–M. Kendall 133

Seismological Constraints on Attenuation in the Earth: A ReviewBarbara Romanowicz and Joseph J. Durek 161

Mineral Physics (Anharmonicity, Anelasticity, Anisotropy)
Elasticity of Mantle Minerals (Experimental Studies)Robert C. Liebermann 181

Elasticity of Mantle Phases at High Pressure and TemperatureLars Stixrude 201

Phase Transformations: Implications for Mantle StructureDonald J. Weidner and Yanbin Wang 215

The Seismic Anisotropy of the Earth′s Mantle: From Single Crystal to Poly crystalD. Mainprice, G. Barruol, and W. Ben Ismail 237

Laboratory Measurement of Seismic Wave Dispersion and Attenuation: Recent ProgressIan Jackson 265

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Shun–ichiro Karato
Alessandro Forte
Robert Liebermann
Guy Masters
Lars Stixrude
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