It is commonly recognized that logistics has become a major strategic issue for all companies, whether they are part of the primary, secondary or tertiary sector. Faced with the external pressures of globalization and competition, logistics optimizes processes and reduces production and delivery cycles.
The use of Sustainable Supply Chain Management (SuSCM) is now increasingly at the center of thought, due to the numerous factors favoring its implementation: requests from various stakeholders, governmental pressures (decrees, laws, regulations, etc.), environmental pressures (pollution, disappearance of fuel fossils, etc.) and societal pressures (reputation/image, protection, etc.). However, there are still obstacles to the implementation of SuSCM, including significant costs, the complexity of coordination and the lack of communication within the whole supply chain. Nevertheless, it should nowadays be included by any organization in its decisions towards a strategic approach towards sustainability.
This book presents each economic, environmental and societal aspect of SuSCM. By considering each of these dimensions separately, the primary objective is to facilitate the implementation of the elements that make it up. Readers are also provided with several strategic interpretive lenses to be able to perform audits and diagnostics of each component.
1. The Economic Aspect of Sustainable Supply Chain Management.
2. The Environmental Aspect of Sustainable Supply Chain Management.
3. The Social/Societal Aspect of Sustainable Supply Chain Management.
4. Sustainable Supply Chain Management Balanced Scorecard.
About the Authors
Joëlle Morana is Lecturer in management science, attached to the Laboratoire d Economie des Transports (Transport Economy Laboratory) at University Lumière Lyon II in France. Her fields of research concern economic, environmental and societal logistics.
I.1. Introduction xi
I.2. Historical background on how supply chain management has become strategic and omnipresent xi
I.3. The emergence of sustainable supply chain management xiv
Chapter 1. The Economic Aspect of Sustainable Supply Chain Management 1
1.1. Introduction 1
1.2. Intra– and inter–organizational connections 11
1.3. Information, information systems and ICT: an aid to the success of intra– and inter–organizational connections 44
1.4. Conclusion 48
1.5. Appendix – technical specifications for electronic data interchange 49
Chapter 2. The Environmental Aspect of Sustainable Supply Chain Management 53
2.1. Introduction 53
2.2. Green design or eco–design 58
2.3. Green operations 64
2.4. Green transport 85
2.5. Systems, regulations, standards and referential frameworks 87
2.6. Conclusion 101
2.7. Appendix 101
Chapter 3. The Social/Societal Aspect of Sustainable Supply Chain Management 107
3.1. Introduction 107
3.2. Internal human resources 112
3.3. External human resources 126
3.4. Conclusion 134
3.5. Appendix 135
Chapter 4. Sustainable Supply Chain Management Balanced Scorecard 139
4.1. Introduction 139
4.2. Dashboard and logistics: evolution 140
4.3. The dashboards currently used in logistics 142
4.4. The indicators used in Sustainable Supply Chain Management Balanced Scorecard 148
4.5. Conclusion 164
General conclusion 167
Acronyms and Abbreviations 185