The Handbook of Solitude. Psychological Perspectives on Social Isolation, Social Withdrawal, and Being Alone

  • ID: 2505273
  • Book
  • 608 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Over the course of a lifespan, humans experience solitude for a wide variety of reasons and subjectively respond to seclusion with a wide range of reactions and consequences.A Handbook of Solitude: Psychological Perspectives on Social Isolation, Social Withdrawal, and Being Alone presents a comprehensive compilation of the most cutting edge psychological research related to the construct of solitude.

Featuring contributions from international experts in the field, readings explore aspects of solitary behavior from myriad psychological perspectives, including developmental, neuropsychological, social, personality, and clinical; during different developmental periods across the lifespan; and across a broad range of contexts, including various natural environments, college campuses, singlehood, meditation, and cyberspace. Other insights into solitude are garnered through extra–disciplinary researchers in fields such as biology, anthropology, sociology, political science, religious studies, and philosophy. Innovative and illuminating, this handbook represents the definitive treatment of the psychological concept of solitude as an area of study.

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List of Contributors viii

Foreword: On Solitude, Withdrawal, and Social Isolation xiiKenneth H. Rubin

Part I Theoretical Perspectives 1

1 All Alone: Multiple Perspectives on the Study of Solitude 3Robert J. Coplan and Julie C. Bowker

2 Studying Withdrawal and Isolation in the Peer Group: Historical Advances in Concepts and Measures 14William M. Bukowski and Marie–Hélène Véronneau

3 An Attachment Perspective on Loneliness 34Mario Mikulincer and Phillip R. Shaver

4 Shyness and the Electrical Activity of the Brain: On the Interplay between Theory and Method 51Louis A. Schmidt and Vladimir Miskovic

5 The Origins of Solitude: Psychoanalytic Perspectives 71Evangelia Galanaki

6 Experiences of Solitude: Issues of Assessment, Theory, and Culture 90James R. Averill and Louise Sundararajan

Part II Solitude Across the Lifespan 109

7 The Causes and Consequences of "Playing Alone" in Childhood 111Robert J. Coplan and Laura Ooi

8 Peer Rejection in Childhood: Social Groups, Rejection Sensitivity, and Solitude 129Drew Nesdale and Melanie J. Zimmer–Gembeck

9 Affinity for Aloneness in Adolescence and Preference for Solitude in Childhood: Linking Two Research Traditions 150Luc Goossens

10 Social Withdrawal during Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood 167Julie C. Bowker, Larry J. Nelson, Andrea Markovic, and Stephanie Luster

11 Introversion, Solitude, and Subjective Well–Being 184John M. Zelenski, Karin Sobocko, and Deanna C. Whelan

12 Social Approach and Avoidance Motivations 202Jana Nikitin and Simone Schoch

13 Ostracism and Solitude 224Eric D. Wesselmann, Kipling D. Williams, Dongning Ren, and Andrew H. Hales

14 Social Isolation among Older People 242Elaine Wethington and Karl Pillemer

Part III Solitude Across Contexts 261

15 Anxious Solitude at School 263Heidi Gazelle and Madelynn Druhen Shell

16 Loneliness and Belongingness in the College Years 283Steven R. Asher and Molly Stroud Weeks

17 Single in a Society Preoccupied with Couples 302Bella DePaulo

18 Loneliness and Internet Use 317Yair Amichai–Hamburger and Barry H. Schneider

19 Mindfulness Meditation: Seeking Solitude in Community 335Paul Salmon and Susan Matarese

20 The Restorative Qualities of Being Alone with Nature 351Kalevi Korpela and Henk Staats

Part IV Clinical Perspectives 369

21 Social Anhedonia and Solitude 371Thomas R. Kwapil, Paul J. Silvia, and Neus Barrantes–Vidal

22 Social Anxiety Disorder and Emotional Solitude 391Lynn E. Alden and Karen W. Auyeung

23 Loneliness and Social Isolation in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders 409Connie Kasari and Lindsey Sterling

24 Solitude and Personality Disorders 427Kevin B. Meehan, Kenneth N. Levy, Christina M. Temes, and Jonathan J. Detrixhe

25 The Intersection of Culture and Solitude: The Hikikomori Phenomenon in Japan 445Alan R. Teo, Kyle W. Stufflebam, and Takahiro A. Kato

Part V Disciplinary Perspectives 461

26 A View from Biology: Playing Alone and with Others: A Lesson from Animals 463Elisabetta Palagi

27 A View from Anthropology: Anomie and Urban Solitude 483Leo Coleman

28 A View from Sociology: The Role of Solitude in Transcending Social Crises New Possibilities for Existential Sociology 499Jack Fong

29 A View from Computer Science: From Solitude to Ambient Sociability Redefining the Social and Psychological Aspects of Isolation in Online Games 517Nicolas Ducheneaut and Nicholas Yee

30 A View from Political Theory: Desire, Subjectivity, and Pseudo–Solitude 539Matthew H. Bowker

31 A View from Religious Studies: Solitude and Spirituality 557John D. Barbour

Index 573

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Robert J. Coplan is a Professor in the Department of Psychology at Carleton University and Director of the Pickering Centre for Research in Human Development. Dr. Coplan is co–editor ofThe Development of Shyness and Social Withdrawal (2010), andSocial Development in Childhood and Adolescence: A Contemporary Reader (2011), and a former editor of the journal,Social Development.

Julie C. Bowker is an Associate Professor of Psychology at the University at Buffalo, State University of New York. Her research program focuses on the roles that close interpersonal relationships play in socio–emotional development and psychopathology during late childhood and early adolescence.

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