Rick H. Hoyle has used the study of self–regulation to draw together exciting findings from the usually disparate areas of information processing, temperament/personality, developmental, and social psychology. Psychologists from these areas will add breadth and integration to their models of self–regulation, and clinical psychologists will greatly benefit from reading this book
Mary K. Rothbart, Distinguished Professor of Psychology Emerita, University of Oregon
Failure to self–regulate is associated with personal and societal costs (e.g., obesity, alcohol consumption, excessive lending or borrowing, and high–risk investments). Zeal in self–regulating can also be maladaptive, as it is associated with inhibition of emotional expression and authentic behavior. Twenty one chapters from front–line experts offer thoughtful analyses of temperamental and personality substrates of self–regulation along with their interplay with social behavior. This book promises to be an indispensable resource for researchers and practitioners, as well as both graduate and advanced undergraduate students.
Constantine Sedikides, University of SouthamptonThe term self–regulation refers to processes by which people control their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. When people succeed at self–regulation, they effectively manage their perceptions of themselves and their social surroundings. They behave in ways that are consistent with their goals and standards of behavior. Conversely, when people struggle or fail at self–regulation, they lose control of their personal and social experience. Their behavior does not contribute to the fulfillment of important goals or correspond to the standards of behavior to which they subscribe. Successful self–regulation is essential to adaptive functioning in all life domains.
Given the central role of self–regulation in adaptive and maladaptive functioning, it is not surprising that a large literature has developed on the topic. This literature is unusual in its breadth, spanning biological, developmental, cognitive, and social psychology, and drawing attention from researchers in related disciplines such a sociology and education. Despite the current vitality of this literature, there has been relatively little study of self–regulation as a feature of personality or how personality is reflected in self–regulation.
The primary aim of the proposed volume is to integrate scholarly research on self–regulation in the personality, developmental, and social psychology traditions for a broad audience of social and behavioral scientists interested in the processes by which people control, or fail to control, their own behavior. The volume would include original, integrative, research–based contributions by leading scholars. The resultant book would bridge a conspicuous gap in the burgeoning literature on self–regulation and serve as an important resource for scholars, students, and practitioners in the social and behavioral sciences.
List of Contributors ix
1 Personality and Self–Regulation 1Rick H. Hoyle
Part I Temperament and Early Personality 19
2 Relations of Self–Regulatory/Control Capacities to Maladjustment, Social Competence, and Emotionality 21Nancy Eisenberg, Natalie D. Eggum, Julie Sallquist, and Alison Edwards
3 Delay of Gratification: A Review of Fifty Years of Regulation Research 47Renée M. Tobin and William G. Graziano
4 Self–Regulation as the Interface of Emotional and Cognitive Development: Implications for Education and Academic Achievement 64Clancy Blair, Susan Calkins, and Lisa Kopp
5 Exploring Response Monitoring: Developmental Differences and Contributions to Self–Regulation 91Jennifer M. McDermott and Nathan A. Fox
Part II Personality Processes 115
6 Self–Regulation Processes and Their Signatures: Dynamics of the Self–System 117Carolyn C. Morf and Stephan Horvath
7 Self–Regulation and the Five–Factor Model of Personality Traits 145Robert R. McCrae and Corinna E. Löckenhoff
8 Self–Determination Theory and the Relation of Autonomy to Self–Regulatory Processes and Personality Development 169Christopher P. Niemiec, Richard M. Ryan, and Edward L. Deci
9 Interest and Self–Regulation: Understanding Individual Variability in Choices, Efforts, and Persistence Over Time 192Carol Sansone, Dustin B. Thoman, and Jessi L. Smith
10 Goal Systems and Self–Regulation: An Individual Differences Perspective 218Paul Karoly
11 Acting on Limited Resources: The Interactive Effects of Self–Regulatory Depletion and Individual Differences 243C. Nathan DeWall, Roy F. Baumeister, David R. Schurtz, and Matthew T. Gailliot
Part III Individual Differences 263
12 Working Memory Capacity and Self–Regulation 265Malgorzata Ilkowska and Randall W. Engle
13 Regulatory Focus in a Demanding World 291Abigail A. Scholer and E. Tory Higgins
14 Self–Efficacy 315James E. Maddux and Jeffrey Volkmann
15 Dealing with High Demands: The Role of Action Versus State Orientation 332Nils B. Jostmann and Sander L. Koole
16 The Cybernetic Process Model of Self–Control: Situation– and Person–Specific Considerations 353Eran Magen and James J. Gross
17 Modes of Self–Regulation: Assessment and Locomotion as Independent Determinants in Goal Pursuit 375Arie W. Kruglanski, Edward Orehek, E. Tory Higgins, Antonio Pierro, and Idit Shalev
18 The Costly Pursuit of Self–Esteem: Implications for Self–Regulation 403Jennifer Crocker, Scott Moeller, and Aleah Burson
19 Self–Regulation of State Self–Esteem Following Threat: Moderation by Trait Self–Esteem 430Michelle R. vanDellen, Erin K. Bradfield, and Rick H. Hoyle
20 Individual Differences in Approach and Avoidance: Behavioral Activation /Inhibition and Regulatory Focus as Distinct Levels of Analysis 447Timothy J. Strauman and Wilkie A. Wilson
21 Hypo–egoic Self–Regulation 474Mark R. Leary, Claire E. Adams, and Eleanor B. Tate
Author Index 498
Subject Index 524