While most undergraduate metallurgy textbooks focus on iron, the most commercially important metallic element, Structure–Property Relations in Nonferrous Metals is a comprehensive textbook covering the remaining eighty–two nonferrous metals. Designed to be readily accessible to materials engineering students at all academic levels, the text describes the relationships between the atomic–, crystal–, and micro–structures of nonferrous metals, and such physical behaviors as strength, ductility, electrical conductivity, and corrosion.
In order to capture and retain students′ interest, the authors maintain a strong focus on practical application. Each chapter supplements fundamental concepts with engaging examples from actual engineering case studies and industrial projects, directly relating content to real–world application.
Part One describes the general concepts of crystal– and micro–structures and the implications of these structures for the mechanical, thermal, and electronic properties of nonferrous metals, intermetallic compounds, and metal matrix composites.
Chapters focus on such relevant topics as:
- Point, line, and planar defects and their effects on a material′s properties
- Dislocations and strengthening mechanisms
- Fracture and fatigue
- Strain rate effects and creep
- Deviations from classic crystallinity
- Processing methods
- Composites and intermetallic compounds
Part Two builds on Part One by exploring how the concepts presented define the properties of a particular metallic element and its alloys, and how these properties contribute to the engineering uses of each nonferrous metal.
An accompanying ftp site contains homework problems, appendices, bibliographies, and tables of data indicating the nations producing metallic elements and the quantities produced. Structure–Property Relations in Nonferrous Metals is a valuable reference for both students in undergraduate metallurgy courses and practicing engineers.
1. Crystal and Electronic Structure of Meals.
1.2 Crystal Structures of the Metallic Elements.
1.3 Exceptions to the Rule of the Metallic Bond.
1.4 Effects of High Pressure on Crystal Structure.
1.5 Effect of Electronic Structure on Crystal Structure.
1.6 Periodic Trends in Material Properties.
2. Defects and their Effects on Materials Properties.
2.2 Point Defects.
2.3 Line Defects (Dislocations).
2.4 Planar Defects.
2.5 Volume Defects.
3. Strengthening Mechanisms.
3.2 Grain Boundary Strengthening.
3.3 Strain Hardening.
3.4 Solid–Solution Hardening.
3.5 Precipitation Hardening (or Age Hardening).
4.2 Forces on Dislocations.
4.3 Forces Between Dislocations.
4.4 Multiplication of Dislocations.
4.5 Partial Dislocations.
4.6 Slip Systems in Various Crystals.
4.7 Strain Hardening of Single Crystals.
4.8 Thermally Activated Dislocation Motion.
4.9 Interactions of Solute Atoms with Dislocations.
4.10 Dislocation Pile–ups.
5. Fracture and Fatigue.
5.2 Fundamentals of Fracture.
5.3 Metal Fatigue.
6. Strain Rate Effects and Creep.
6.2 Yield Point Phenomenon and Strain Aging.
6.3 Ultrarapid Strain Phenomena.
6.5 Deformation Mechanism Maps.
7. Deviations from Classic Crystallinity.
7.2 Nanocrystalline Metals.
7.3 Amorphous Metals.
7.4 Quasicrystalline Metals.
7.5 Radiation Damage in Metals.
8. Processing Methods.
8.3 Powder Metallurgy.
8.4 Forming and Shaping.
8.5 Material Removal.
8.7 Surface Modification.
9.2 Composite Materials.
9.3 Metal Matrix Composites.
9.4 Manufacturing MMCs.
9.5 Mechanical Properties and Strengthening Mechanisms in MMCs.
9.6 Internal Stresses.
9.7 Stress Relaxation.
9.8 High–Temperature Behavior of MMCs.
10. Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr.
10.2 History, Properties, and Applications.
10.4 Structure Property Relations.
11. Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, and Ra.
11.2 History and Properties.
11.5 Heavier Alkaline Metals.
12. Ti, Zr, and Hf.
13. V, Nb, and Ta.
13.2 History and Properties.
14. Cr, Mo, and W.
15. Mn, Tc, and Re.
15.2 History and Properties.
16. Co and Ni.
17. The Platinum Group Metals: Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, and Pt.
17.2 History, Properties, and Applications.
17.5 Structure Property Relations.
18. Cu, Ag, and Au.
19. Zn, Cd, and Hg.
20. Al, Ga, In, and Ti.
21. Si, Ge, Sn, and Pb.
22. As, Sb, Bi, and Po.
23. Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu.
23.3 Physical Properties.
23.6 Structure Property Relations.
24. Ac, Th, Pa, U, Np, Pu, Am, Cm, Bk, Cf, Es, Fm, Md, No, and Lr.
24.2 History and Properties.
24.6 Less Common Actinide Metals.
25. Intermetallic Compounds: Their Promise and the Ductility Challenge.
25.2 Bonding and General Properties.
25.3 Mechanical Properties.
25.4 Oxidation Resistance.
25.5 Nonstructural Uses of Intermetallics.
25.6 Stoichiometric Intermetallics.
25.7 Nonstoichiometric Intermetallics.
25.8 Intermetallics with Third–Element Additions.
25.9 Environmental Embrittlement.