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Marketing and Technological Trends: P25 and TETRA LMR

  • ID: 2586319
  • Report
  • July 2013
  • Region: Global
  • 173 Pages
  • PracTel Inc
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The report addresses markets and technologies for Public Safety Communications (PSC) – P25 and TETRA. These two standardized LMRs are currently leading the PSC radio market. The report provides the estimate of the Potential Market (PM) for both technologies segmented by various geographical regions.

It also stresses the phased approach for P25 and TETRA developments; and includes the analysis of technologies specifics, their benefits and issues, major applications and the industry.

Both standards are in the development almost for twenty years; but major deployments of networks based on them started only five-six years ago. The pace of such deployments is not satisfying users and governments; besides there are several technological and regulation issues that are being uncovered in the process of developments.

The telecom and PSC organizations have defined Phase II requirements for both LMRs, though there are still multiple interoperability pilots and shipments of equipment did not reach a desirable size.

Meanwhile, the cellular industry identified its leader – LTE technology (and LTE-A). With LTE 3GPP standardization and the development of this technology to satisfy critical communications requirements, the fate of the whole P25/TETRA industry is uncertain in the moment: with a question whether these LMRs are already legacy technology; and will shortly be replaced by mission critical LTE (or some combinations of LTE with P25/TETRA).

Both ETSI and U.S. standards organizations are looking for the possible migration paths from current LMRs towards broadband LTE (for example, TIA TR8 is working on P25 over LTE standards including some interfaces; 3GPP included work items in R12, which will address some critical communications features to be added to further integrate them into cellular-based networks; ATIS WTSC's SN and RAN subcommittees and TIA TR8.8 are collaborating on public safety mission critical PTT voice interoperation between LMR and LTE systems.)

So far, the U.S. is ahead of Europe in the process of LTE and PSC integration. The initial practical implications of such integration are not expected before 2016-2017.
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1.0 Introduction

1.1 Scope

1.2 Research Methodology

1.3 Target Audience

2.0 Potential Market

2.1 Sources

2.1.1 Specifics

2.1.2 Certification

2.2 Method and Assumptions

2.3 Summary: TETRA Radio PM

2.3.1 Characteristics Geography

2.4 Details: TETRA Radio PM

2.4.1 Global

2.4.2 EU

2.4.3 England

2.4.4 France

2.4.5 Germany

2.4.6 Spain

2.4.7 Italy

2.4.8 China

2.4.9 India

2.4.10 E. Europe

2.4.11 Asia (Ex. China & India)

2.4.12 Africa

2.5 P25 Radio PM

Attachment A: TETRA Developments

A.1 General

A.2 Major Milestones

A.3 TETRA: Scope-Release I

A.3.1 Origin

A.3.2 Spectrum Regulations

A.3.3 TETRA and GSM

A.3.4 Main Features

A.3.4.1 General

A.3.4.2 Technical Overview

A.3.4.3 Services

A.3.5 Benefits

A.3.6 Networking

A.3.7 Release I Specifics

A.3.7.1 General

A.3.7.2 Interfaces

A.3.7.3 Infrastructure

A.3.7.4 Spectrum Allocation

A.3.7.5 Mobiles 50
A.3.8 Security 50
A.3.9 Summary

A.4 TETRA Release II

A.4.1 History

A.4.2 Drivers and Needs

A.4.3 Approach

A.4.4 Applications

A.4.5 Trunked Mode Operation (TMO) Range Extension

A.4.6 Adaptive Multiple Rate (AMR) Voice Codec

A.4.7 Mixed Excitation Liner Predictive, Enhanced (MELPe) Voice Codec

A.4.8 Data Services Development

A.4.8.1 TAPS

A.4.8.2 TEDS

A.4.9 Comparison 60
A.4.10 Standardization Status

A.4.11 R2 Major Goals

A.4.12 Industry

A.4.12.1 Market Drivers-Industries-Applications

A.4.12.2 Major Players




Artevea Digital



DAMM Cellular




Motorola Solutions

Pegasus Network



Sepura 80
Selex ES

Syntech Systems


Team Simoco


Attachment B: Project P25

B.1 Standardization Process and Technologies

B.1.1 General: P25 LMR

B.1.2 Process 90
B.1.3 Beginning

B.1.4 Project 25/TIA 102: Scope

B.1.4.1 Efforts

B.1.4.2 Phased Approach

B. Phases

B. Phase I

B. Phase II

B.1.5 Status

B.1.6 CAP

B.2 P25 Development-Phase I

B.2.1 General Mission and Objectives

B.2.2 Compliance

B.2.3 Benefits and Issues

B.2.4 Technical Highlights- Interfaces

B.2.4.1 Common Air Interface

B.2.4.2 Fixed Station Interface 100
B.2.4.3 Console Sub-system Interface (CSSI) 10
B.2.4.4 RF Sub-system 10
B.2.4.5 Inter-system Interface (ISSI) 10
B. ISSI Technology 10
B.2.4.6 Telephone Interconnect Interface 10
B.2.4.7 Network Management Interface 10
B.2.4.8 Host and Network Data Interfaces 10
B.2.4.9 Summary: Interfaces 10
B.2.5 Security 10
B.2.6 Coding 10
B.2.7 Frequency Bands 10
B.2.7.1 Spectrum: Problems 10
B.2.7.2 700 MHz Band 10
B.2.7.3 FirstNet

B.2.8 P25 Voice Messaging

B.2.9 Major Improvements

B.2.10 Services

B.2.11 Network Scenario

B.2.12 Summary

B.3 P25 Phase II

B.3.1 Transition

B.3.2 Additions

B.3.3 Major Interfaces – Phase II

B.3.4 Attributes 120
B.3.5 Data Services Standards

B.3.6 Enhancements

B.3.7 Time and Standards

B.3.8 CAP

B.3.9 Industry

B.3.9.1 General

B.3.9.2 Market Drivers

B.3.9.3 Developments

B.3.9.4 Statistics

B.3.9.5 Major Vendors of P25 Equipment



Cassidian Communications

Daniels (acquired by Coden in 2012)


Digital Voice System

EF Johnson (Acquired by FP-EF Holding in 2010)






Motorola Solutions

Northern Airborne

Objective Interface Systems


Pyramid Communications

Relm 150
Raytheon JPS


Technisonic Industries


Tait Electronics

Vertex Standard

Westel 160
Wireless Pacific

C: P25 and TETRA Standards Evolution

C.1 General

C.2 Characteristics

C.3 Modifications

C.4 TETRA in North America

C.5 FCC Position

C.5 FirstNet

C.6 Trend


List Of Figures and Tables

Figure 1: Illustration of TETRA Market Geography (2012)

Figure 2: PM: Global TETRA PSC ($B)

Figure 3: PM: Global TETRA Commercial ($B)

Figure 4: PM: EU TETRA PSC ($B)

Figure 5: PM: EU TETRA Commercial ($B)

Figure 6: PM: England TETRA PSC ($B)

Figure 7: PM: England TETRA Commercial ($B)

Figure 8: PM: France TETRA PSC ($B)

Figure 9: PM: France TETRA Commercial ($B)

Figure 10: PM: Germany TETRA PSC ($B) 20
Figure 11: PM: Germany TETRA Commercial ($B)

Figure 12: PM: Spain TETRA PSC ($B)

Figure 13: PM: Spain TETRA Commercial ($B)

Figure 14: PM: Italy TETRA PSC ($B)

Figure 15: PM: Italy TETRA Commercial ($B)

Figure 16: PM: China TETRA PSC ($B)

Figure 17: PM: China TETRA Commercial ($B)

Figure 18: PM: India TETRA PSC ($B)

Figure 19: PM: India TETRA Commercial ($B)

Figure 20: PM: E. Europe TETRA PSC ($B)

Figure 21: PM: E. Europe TETRA Commercial ($B)

Figure 22: PM: Asia (Excluding China & India) TETRA PSC ($B)

Figure 23: PM: Asia (Excluding China & India) TETRA Commercial ($B)

Figure 24: PM: Africa TETRA PSC ($B)

Figure 25: PM: Africa TETRA Commercial ($B)

Figure 26: P25 Geography 30
Figure 27:PM: NA PSC P25 Radio ($B)

Figure 28: TETRA and Critical Communications Association Structure

Figure 29: TETRA Release I

Figure 30: TETRA Interworking Illustration

Figure 31: TETRA Interoperability Interfaces

Figure 32: Network Scenarios

Figure 33: TETRA Release I Interfaces

Figure 34: TETRA: Spectrum Allocation

Figure 35: TETRA R2 Data Services

Figure 36: Directions

Figure 37: TAPS

Figure 38: TEDS RF Channel Characteristics

Figure 39: Spectral Efficiency 60
Figure 40: Rates and Range

Figure 41: TETRA TEDS Characteristics

Figure 42: TETRA Segmentation by Industries (2012)

Figure 43: APCO Project 25 Interface Committee

Figure 44: Generic-Structure of P25 System

Figure 45: P25 System – Major Interfaces

Figure 46: ISSI-P25 System-to-System

Figure 47: ISSI-Roaming 10
Figure 48: State and Local PSC Spectrum

Figure 49: Revised Frequency Plan 110
Figure 50: Revised Spectrum (Upper 700 MHz sub-band)

Figure 51: 700 MHz Auction

Figure 52: Example-Network Scenario

Figure 53: Family

Figure 54: CAI Details 120
Figure 55: Capacity

Figure 56: Vocoders

Figure 57: P25 Radio Major Applications (2012)

Figure 58: Phased Approach – TETRA and P25

Table 1: Summary ($B)

Table 2: TETRA Established

Table 3: TETRA Release I-Major Characteristics

Table 4: TETRA Needs

Table 5: Applications (Release II)

Table 6: Evolution of TETRA Applications

Table 7: P25 R1 Benefits and Issues

Table 8: CAI Characteristics 100
Table 9: PSR Bands

Table 10: P25 Services

Table 11: Phase II Modulation

Table 12: Time - Narrowbanding

Table 13: Phase II Documentation

Table 14: Structure of Shipping

Table 15: Work Items

Table 16: Schedule
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4 of 3
- Avtec

- Catalyst

- Cassidian Communications

- Daniels
- Datron

- Digital Voice System

- EF Johnson
- Etherstack

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- Midland

- Motorola Solutions

- Northern Airborne

- Objective Interface Systems

- PowerTrunk

- Pyramid Communications

- Relm

- Raytheon
- Simoco

- Technisonic Industries

- Thales

- Tait Electronics

- Vertex Standard

- Westel

- Wireless Pacifi
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