There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive forest ecosystem research. Furthermore, it introduces "forest super sites for research for integrating soil, plant and atmospheric sciences and monitoring. It also provides mechanistic and policy-oriented modeling with scientifically sound risk indications regarding atmospheric changes and ecosystem services.
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PART I Introduction into the scope and structure of the book Ch. 1 Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges: Knowledge, Understanding and Perspectives from Forest Research, R. Matyssek et al. PART II Interactions between trace gases, climate change and vegetation Ch. 2 Gaseous exchange between forests and the atmosphere, S. Cieslik, et al. Ch. 3 Nutrients or pollutants? - Nitrogen deposition to European forests, W. Eugster, M. Haeni Ch. 4 Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds and their impacts on biosphere-atmosphere interactions, F. Loreto, S. Fares Ch. 5 Air pollution risks to northern European forests in a changing climate, J.-P. Tuovinen, et al. PART III Significance of biotic processes in forest ecosystem response Ch. 6 Ozone Research, quo vadis ? Lessons from the free-air canopy fumigation experiment at Kranzberg Forest, R. Matyssek, et al. Ch. 7 Soil respiration and soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition in response to climate change, J. Kruse, et al. Ch. 8 Mycorrhizosphere complexity, H. Kraigher, M. Bajc, T. Grebenc Ch. 9 Tree and forest responses to interacting elevated atmospheric CO2 and tropospheric O3: A synthesis of experimental evidence, J. King, et al. Ch. 10 Belowground Carbon Cycling at Aspen FACE: Dynamic Responses to CO2 and O3 in Developing Forests, K.S. Pregitzer and A. F. Talhelm Ch. 11 Impacts of atmospheric change on tree-arthropod interactions, J.J. Couture and R. L. Lindroth PART IV Mechanistic and diagnostic understanding for risk assessment and up-scaling Ch. 12 Flux-based ozone risk assessment for adult beech and spruce forests, L. Grünhage, et al. Ch. 13 Integrative leaf level phytotoxic ozone dose assessment for forest risk modelling, P. Dizengremel, et al. Ch. 14 Integrated studies on abiotic stress defence in trees: The case of ozone, D. Ernst Ch. 15 Metabolomics and transcriptomics increase our understanding about defence responses and genotypic differences of northern deciduous trees to elevating ozone, CO2 and climate warming, E. Oksanen, et al. PART V Global dimension of air pollution as part of climate change Ch. 16 Interactive effects of air pollution and climate change on forest ecosystems in the United States
current understanding and future scenarios, A. Bytnerowicz, M. Fenn, S. McNulty, F. Yuan, A. Pourmokhtarian, C. Driscoll, and T. Meixner Ch. 17 Effects of ozone on forest ecosystems in East and Southeast Asia, T. Koike, et al. Ch. 18 Impacts of Air Pollution and Climate Change on plants: Implications for India, V. Pandey, et al. Ch. 19 Land use change, air pollution and climate change
vegetation response in Latin America, A.R. Kozovits, M. M. C. Bustamante Ch. 20 Ozone concentrations and their potential impacts on vegetation in southern Africa, L. Laakso, et al. Ch. 21 Wild-land fires: monitoring, plume modelling, impact on atmospheric composition and climate, M. Sofiev PART VI The potential of "Supersites for research on forest ecosystems Ch. 22 Towards supersites in forest ecosystem monitoring and research, T. N. Mikkelsen, et al. Ch. 23 Key indicators of air pollution and climate change impacts at forest Supersites, E. Paoletti, et al. PART VII Knowledge transfer and socio-economic aspects Ch. 24 Forest ecosystem services under climate change and air pollution, P. Cudlín, et al. Ch. 25 Targeting sustainable provision of forest ecosystem services with special focus on carbon sequestration, M. Nijnik, D. Miller Ch. 26 Global change and the role of forests in future land-use systems, T. Knoke, A. Hahn PART VIII Conclusions and perspectives Ch. 27 Conclusions and perspectives, R. Matyssek, et al.