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Suicide Terrorism

  • ID: 2638707
  • Book
  • 240 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Suicide terrorism in its modern form made its first appearance in Lebanon in the early 1980s. Over the last quarter century, terrorist attacks perpetrated by suicide bombers have spread to many corners of the world and have become a major threat for both the governments and citizens of numerous countries. Can this devastating phenomenon be attributed to a specific religion or culture? What are the causes and motivations that lead ordinary people to embark upon suicide attacks? How are potential bombers trained for their mission? And is it possible for democratic governments to effectively cope with this challenge?

In this compelling book, Ami Pedazhur investigates the root causes of suicide terrorism and its rapid proliferation in recent years. Drawing on a variety of sources, the book explores the use of human bombs in Lebanon, Israel, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Chechnya, Iraq, and the ostentatious attacks of Al–Qaeda and the global jihad. It is the only book to offer such an in–depth, up–to–date, cross cultural analysis of suicide terrorism in the twenty–first Century.

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Acknowledgements

List of Figures

Chapter 1 What is Suicide Terrorism?

The Symbiosis between Terror and Death

What is Suicide Terrorism?

General Features of Suicide Terrorism in the World

Tactical Features of Suicide Terrorism

Methods of Operation

Targets of Suicide Terrorism

Plan of the Book

Chapter 2 How Can Suicide Terrorism Be Explained?

Strategic–Rational Decision–Making

The Social–Cultural Aspect

Recruitment of the Potential Suicide Bomber

The Organisational Procedure

Summary

Chapter 3 Turning to Suicide Terrorism: Hezbollah and the Palestinian Organisations

Founding Fathers of Modern–Day Suicide Terrorism The Hezbollah in Lebanon

Suicide Terrorism A Winning Strategy

Suicide Terrorism as a Tool for Gaining Power in Political Arenas in Lebanon and the Middle East

External or Internal Struggle? Suicide Terrorism in the Palestinian Arena

Suicide Terrorism A Strategy for Advancing the Peace Process?

Suicide Terrorism as a Strategy in the Contemporaneous Struggle against both Israel and the Palestinian Authority

Suicide Terrorism as a Tool in Rivalry among Organisations The Case of the Al–Aqsa Intifada

Summary

Chapter 4 Turning to Suicide Terrorism The LTTE and the PKK

Overall Strategy or a Specific Tactic? Suicide Terrorism of the LTTE in Sri Lanka

Suicide Terrorism as a Tool in the Tamil Minority′s Struggle for Independence

Suicide Terrorism and the Tamil Political Arena

Factors Leading to the LTTE′s Suspension of Suicide Attacks

Suicide Terrorism as a Means of Organisational Survival The PKK in Turkey

Popular Support, Member Morale or Strategic Interest? The PKK′s Opting for Suicide Terrorism

The Role of Turkish Policy in Thwarting Further PKK Suicide Actions

Summary

Chapter 5 The Transition to Suicide Terrorism: Al–Qaeda and the Network of the Islamic Fundamentalist Groups

The Strategy of Ostentatious Suicide Terrorism The Al–Qaeda Organisation

Suicide Terrorism of the Islamic Fundamentalist Groups

Summary

Chapter 6 Who Becomes a Suicide Terrorist?

Preconditions for the Emergence of Suicide TerrorismCommitment as a Motivation for Suicide Attacks

Personal Motivation for Suicide Attacks

Financial Crisis as Motivation

Personal Crisis as Motivation

Revenge as Motivation

An Analysis of the Motivations of Palestinian Suicide Bombers

Summary

Chapter 7 The Recruitment and Socialisation of the Suicide Terrorist

The Environmental Setting of Suicide Terrorism

Recruitment

Training

Dispatching

Summary

Chapter 8 The Consequences of Suicide Terrorism Afterword

The Effects of Suicide Terrorism

The Response to Suicide Terrorism

Short–Term Offensive Responses

Short–Term Defensive Responses

Long–Term Offensive Responses

Long–Term Defensive Responses

Notes

Appendix: Suicide Bombings

Index

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Ami Pedahzur
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