Conservation Biology. Voices from the Tropics

  • ID: 2674324
  • Book
  • 288 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The late Navjot Sodhi conceived this book as a way of bringing to the forefront of our conservation planning for the tropics the views of people who were actually working and living there.   In its 31 chapters, 55 authors present their views on the conservation problems they face and how they deal with them.  Effective long term conservation in the tropics requires the full participation of local people, organizations and governments. The human population of tropical countries is expected to grow by more than 2.5 billion people over the next several decades, with expectations of increased consumption levels growing even more rapidly than population levels; clearly there will be a need for more trained conservationists and biologists.  Significant levels of local involvement are essential to conservation success, with the rights of local people fully recognized, protected and fostered by governmental and international assistance.  Overarching conservation plans are necessary, but cannot in themselves lead to success.   We hope that the individual experiences presented in the pages of this book will provide useful models that may serve to build better and more sustainable lives for the people who live in the tropics and lead to the continued survival of as many species and functioning ecosystems as possible. 

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List of Contributors vii

Notes on Contributors xi

Acknowledgments xx

Remembering Navjot Sodhi: An Inspiring Mentor, Scholar, and Friend xxiMaharaj K. Pandit

1 INTRODUCTION: GIVING A VOICE TO THE TROPICS, 1Luke Gibson and Peter H. Raven

PART 1: FROM WITHIN THE REGION, 5

SECTION 1: AFRICA, 5

2 CONSERVATION PARADIGMS SEEN THROUGH THE EYES OF BONOBOS IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO, 7Bila–Isia Inogwabini and Nigel Leader–Williams

3 GOVERNANCE FOR EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT CONSERVATION IN ETHIOPIA, 19Fikirte Gebresenbet, Wondmagegne Daniel, Amleset Haile and Hans Bauer

4 WILDLIFE IN JEOPARDY INSIDE AND OUTSIDE PROTECTED AREAS IN CÔTE D IVOIRE: THE COMBINED EFFECTS OF DISORGANIZATION, LACK OF AWARENESS, AND INSTITUTIONAL WEAKNESS, 26Inza Koné

5 CONSERVATION CHALLENGES FOR MADAGASCAR IN THE NEXT DECADE, 33Hajanirina Rakotomanana, Richard K.B. Jenkins and Jonah Ratsimbazafy6 CONSERVATION IN MAURITIUS AND RODRIGUES: CHALLENGES AND ACHIEVEMENTS FROM TWO ECOLOGICALLY DEVASTATED OCEANIC ISLANDS, 40F.B. Vincent Florens

7 DESIGN AND OUTCOMES OF COMMUNITY FOREST CONSERVATION INITIATIVES IN CROSS RIVER STATE OF NIGERIA: A FOUNDATION FOR REDD+?, 51Sylvanus Abua, Robert Spencer and Dimitrina Spencer

8 SHADES OF GREEN: CONSERVATION IN THE DEVELOPING ENVIRONMENT OF TANZANIA, 59Flora I. Tibazarwa and Roy E. Gereau

9 SUSTAINABLE CONSERVATION: TIME FOR AFRICA TO RETHINK THE FOUNDATION, 65Mwangi Githiru

SECTION 2: AMERICAS, 75

10 CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR BRIDGING THE RESEARCH IMPLEMENTATION GAP IN ECOLOGICAL SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT IN BRAZIL, 77Renata Pardini, Pedro L.B. da Rocha, Charbel El–Hani and Flavia Pardini

11 CONSERVING BIODIVERSITY IN A COMPLEX BIOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL SETTING: THE CASE OF COLOMBIA, 86Carolina Murcia, Gustavo H. Kattan, and Germán Ignacio Andrade–Pérez

12 INDIGENOUS RIGHTS, CONSERVATION, AND CLIMATE CHANGE STRATEGIES IN GUYANA, 97Michelle Kalamandeen

13 CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR CONSERVATION OF MEXICAN BIODIVERSITY, 105Gerardo Ceballos and Andrés García

14 PARAGUAY S CHALLENGE OF CONSERVING NATURAL HABITATS AND BIODIVERSITY WITH GLOBAL MARKETS DEMANDING FOR PRODUCTS, 113Alberto Yanosky

SECTION 3: ASIA, 121

15 LAND–USE CHANGE AND CONSERVATION CHALLENGES IN THE INDIAN HIMALAYA: PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE, 123Maharaj K. Pandit and Virendra Kumar

16 CONSERVATION CHALLENGES IN INDONESIA, 134Dewi M. Prawiradilaga and Herwasono Soedjito

17 SINGAPORE: HALF FULL OR HALF EMPTY?, 142Richard T. Corlett

18 WANT TO AVERT EXTINCTIONS IN SRI LANKA? EMPOWER THE CITIZENRY!, 148Rohan Pethiyagoda

19 CONSERVATION OF HORNBILLS IN THAILAND, 157Pilai Poonswad, Vijak Chimchome, Narong Mahannop and Sittichai Mudsri

SECTION 4: OCEANIA, 167

20 TIPPING POINTS AND THE VULNERABILITY OF AUSTRALIA S TROPICAL ECOSYSTEMS, 169William F. Laurance

21 BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION IN THE PACIFIC ISLANDS: WHY ARE WE NOT SUCCEEDING?, 181Gilianne Brodie, Patrick Pikacha and Marika Tuiwawa

22 WHEN WORLDS COLLIDE: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY IN THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, 188Carter T. Atkinson, Thane K. Pratt, Paul C. Banko, James D. Jacobi and Bethany L. Woodworth

23 THE CHIMERA OF CONSERVATION IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA AND THE CHALLENGE OF CHANGING TRAJECTORIES, 197Phil Shearman

PART 2 THOUGHTS FROM DIASPORA, 205

24 COMPLEX FORCES AFFECT CHINA S BIODIVERSITY, 207Jianguo Liu

25 GOVERNANCE AND CONSERVATION IN THE TROPICAL DEVELOPING WORLD, 216Kelvin S.–H. Peh

26 KNOWLEDGE, INSTITUTIONS, AND HUMAN RESOURCES FOR CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY, 226Kamaljit S. Bawa

27 PEOPLE, PLANTS AND POLLINATORS: UNITING CONSERVATION, FOOD SECURITY, AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN EAST AFRICA, 232
Dino J. Martins

28 BALANCING SOCIETIES PRIORITIES: A SCIENCE–BASED APPROACH TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE TROPICS, 239Lian Pin Koh

29 BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION PERFORMANCE OF SUSTAINABLE–USE TROPICAL FOREST RESERVES, 245Carlos A. Peres

30 CONCLUDING REMARKS: LESSONS FROM THE TROPICS, 254Luke Gibson and Peter H. Raven

Index 259

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Those involved in funding or planning programmes and projects in the tropics are sure to find this instructive.   (Biodivers Conserv, 1 October 2015)

Highly recommended.  Upper–division undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers/faculty.    (Choice, 1 May 2014)

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