How best can we help our children to learn? With education at the forefront of governmental policy, influenced by fast–changing technology and neuroscientific research, new theories and strategies for learning are constantly being presented. As teachers, parents or students of education, we risk becoming overwhelmed and unable to sift out what matters. How do we decide which strategy is best for our schools? Whose opinion can we trust? Education and Learning offers a comprehensible introduction to evidence–based research into optimal teaching methods, how we learn, and our educational system.
This book explores the different facets of education and the factors that affect learning from ability, creativity and gender to culture, metacognition, age, and technology. It synthesizes up–to–date findings in each field, presenting sound evidence and debunking myths. Each topic is clearly presented, with research examples, real–life case studies and discussion of practical implications. Accessible and timely, Education and Learning provides valuable insights, information and food for thought for parents, teachers, students, and anyone interested in the future of the next generation.
1 Introduction: What Can We Learn from the History of Education? 1
2 Memory: How Do We Remember What We Learn? 18
3 Language: What Determines Our Acquisition of First and Second Languages? 50
4 Reading: How Do We Learn to Read and Why Is It Sometimes so Difficult? 81
5 Intelligence and Ability: How Does Our Understanding of These Affect How We Teach? 109
6 Sex Differences: Do They Matter in Education? 142
7 Metacognition: Can We Teach People How to Learn? 173
8 Academic Selection: Do We Need to Do It and Can We Make It Fair? 207
9 Creativity: What Is It, and How and Why Should We Nurture It? 239
10 Education Policy: How Evidence Based Is It? 276
11 Comparative Education: What Lessons Can We Learn from Other Countries? 309
12 Life–long Learning: How Can We Teach Old Dogs New Tricks? 348
13 Technology: How Is It Shaping a Modern Education and Is It Also Shaping Young Minds? 374
14 Conclusions: What Does the Future Hold for Education? 403