This book examines why it is so difficult to improve standards of international behaviour and explores the pre–conditions for any realistic attempt to do so. It discusses three major issues that have dominated international debate over the past decade: the tension between sovereignty and national self–determination; the problems associated with the attempt to spread democracy around the world; and the desirability of external intervention in ethnic and religious conflicts.
Rejecting both the unfounded optimism of the early 1990s and the cynical pessimism of more recent years, Professor Mayall points to the strong elements of continuity in international life. He concludes that international society is unlikely to be successfully reformed if governments continue to will progressive ends whilst evading responsibility for their actions.
Part I: International Society
1 Origins and Structure 11
2 The Modernization of International Society 17
3 A New Solidarism? 26
Part II: Sovereignty
4 Nationalism 39
5 Self–determination 53
6 Reappraisal 67
Part III: Democracy
7 Historical Antecedents and Cultural
8 International Law and the Instruments of
Foreign Policy 94
9 Pluralism and Solidarism Revisited 106
Part IV: Intervention
10 Intervention in Liberal International Theory 123
11 Humanitarian Intervention in the 1990s 134
Anthony McGrew, Professor of International Relations, University of Southampton
"This is a little book that reflects long and hard thinking about difficult subjects. It will repay more than one reading and represents an important contribution to the canon of works from the English school of International Relations." Richard Little, University of Bristol.
"This impressive essay address some of the most perplexing normative questions that have arisen in world politics since the end of the Cold War... (a) timely and probing critique of the progressive international temper of our times should be read and pondered by anyone who takes an interest in the ethics of contemporary world politics." Candaian Journal of Political Science