Fundamentals of Fiber Science

  • ID: 2734996
  • Book
  • 426 Pages
  • DEStech Publications, Inc
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This volume provides the basic chemical and mathematical theory needed to understand and modify the connections among the structure, formation and properties of many different types of manmade and natural fibers. At a fundamental level it explains how polymeric and non-polymeric fibers are organized, how such fibers are formed, both synthetically and biologically, and how primary and secondary properties, from basic flow to thermal and electrical qualities, are derived from molecular and submolecular organization, thus establishing the quantitative and predictive relationships needed for fiber engineering.

The book goes on to show how fiber chemistry and modes of processing for dozens of materials such as silks, ceramics, glass and carbon can be used to control functional optical, conductive, thermal and other properties. Its discussion ranges over microscale and nanoscale fibers (nanofibers), covering methods such as spinning and electrospinning, as well as biological fiber generation through self-assembly. Technologies in this text apply to the analysis and design of fibers for industrial, electronic, optical, medical and energy storage applications.

Features

- Connects fiber chemistry and structure to properties that can be designed and engineered
- Micro- and nanoscale, synthetic and natural polymer and non-polymer fibers explained with applications to industrial, electronic, biomedical and energy
- Information pertinent for fiber, textile, composite, polymer and materials specialists
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Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction
Problems

Part I FIBER STRUCTURE

Chapter 2. Chemical Structure of Synthetic Polymer Fibers
2.1 Repeating Units
2.2 Molecular Weight
2.3 Configurations
2.4 Conformations
2.5 Bonding
References
Problems

Chapter 3. Physical Structure of Synthetic Polymer Fibers
3.1 Solid Phases
3.2 Unit Cells
3.3 Crystalline Models
3.4 Morphology of Crystallites
3.5 Morphology of Synthetic Fibers
References
Problems

Chapter 4. Chemical Structure of Natural Polymer Fibers
4.1 Natural Cellulose Fibers
4.2 Manufactured Cellulose Fibers
4.3 Natural Protein Fibers
4.4 Manufactured Protein Fibers
References
Problems

Chapter 5. Physical Structure of Natural Polymer Fibers
5.1 Natural Cellulose Fibers
5.2 Manufactured Cellulose Fibers
5.3 Natural Protein Fibers
5.4 Manufactured Protein Fibers
References
Problems

Chapter 6. Structure of Non-Polymer Fibers
6.1 Carbon Fibers
6.2 Glass Fibers
References
Problems

Chapter 7. Structure of Nanofibers
7.1 A Brief Description of Electrospinning Process
7.2 Material Type
7.3 Fiber Diameter
7.4 Fiber Morphology
7.5 Fiber Assemblies
References
Problems

Part II FIBER FORMATION

Chapter 8. Flow Behavior of Polymers
8.1 Basic Definitions
8.2 Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids
8.3 Time-Dependent Fluids
8.4 Flow Behavior of Polymers
8.5 Capillary Flow of Polymers
8.6 External Factors Affecting the Viscosity of Polymers
8.7 Structural Factors Affecting the Viscosity of Polymers
8.8 Elastic Effects
8.9 Elongational Viscosity
References
Problems

Chapter 9. Formation of Synthetic Polymer Fibers
9.1 Melt Spinning
9.2 Solution Spinning
9.3 Gel Spinning
9.4 Liquid Crystal Spinning
9.5 Dispersion Spinning
9.6 Reaction Spinning
9.7 Drawing—An Important ""Post-Spinning"" Process
9.8 Heat Treatment after Drawing
References
Problems

Chapter 10. Formation of Natural Polymer Fibers
10.1 Natural Cellulose Fibers
10.2 Manufactured Cellulose Fibers
10.3 Natural Protein Fibers
10.4 Manufactured Protein Fibers
References
Problems

Chapter 11. Formation of Non-Polymer Fibers
11.1 Carbon Fibers
11.2 Glass Fibers
References
Problems

Chapter 12. Formation of Nanofibers by Electrospinning
12.1 Electrospinning Systems
12.2 Fiber Formation Process
12.3 Solution Properties
12.4 Operational Conditions
References
Problems

Chapter 13. Formation of Nanofibers by Other Methods
13.1 Centrifugal Spinning
13.2 Melt Blowing
13.3 Bicomponent Fiber Spinning
13.4 Phase Separation
13.5 Template Synthesis
13.6 Self-Assembly
References
Problems

Part III FIBER PROPERTIES

Chapter 14. Primary and Secondary Properties
14.1 Primary Properties
14.2 Secondary Properties
References
Problems

Chapter 15. Mechanical Properties of Fibers
15.1 Basic Definitions
15.2 Tensile Properties
15.3 Compressive Properties
15.4 Torsional Properties
15.5 Bending Properties
References
Problems

Chapter 16. Viscoelastic Properties of Fibers
16.1 Molecular Mechanisms of Viscoelastic Behavior
16.2 Phenomenological Aspects of Viscoelastic Behavior
16.3 Time-Temperature Equivalence
16.4 Models of Viscoelastic Behavior
References
Problems

Chapter 17. Thermal Properties of Fibers
17.1 Heat Capacity and Specific Heat
17.2 Thermal Conductivity
17.3 Thermal Expansion and Contraction
17.4 Glass Transition
17.5 Melting
17.6 Degradation and Decomposition
References
Problems

Chapter 18. Electrical Properties of Fibers
18.1 Electrical Conductivity
18.2 State Electricity
References
Problems

Chapter 19. Frictional Properties of Fibers
19.1 Basic Concepts
19.2 Nature of Friction
19.3 Fiber-on-Fiber Friction
19.4 Fiber-on-Other-Material Friction
19.5 Lubrication
References
Problems

Chapter 20. Optical Properties of Fibers
20.1 Polarization and Light
20.2 Refractive Index and Birefringence
20.3 Reflection and Luster
20.4 Absorption and Dichroism
References
Problems

Index

About the Author
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" This is the newest textbook in the textiles areas, focusing on structures, properties and preparation processes of manufactured and natural fibers, as well as nanofibers. The features of the book are the discussions on chemical and physical structures of the fibers, introduction on flow behavior (rheology) of polymer fluids and formation processes of manufactured fibers and nanofibers; and more detailed discussions on properties of the fibers, including mechanical, thermo, viscoelastic, electrical, frictional, and optical properties. I personally more like the descriptions of fiber properties, and several of the properties, such as electrical and optical ones, have not been discussed in textile books. Generally speaking, the book is an excellent reference material for graduate and undergraduate students in textile sciences, materials sciences and engineering majors, and also is very useful in providing the most updated information on structure, properties and formations of fibers for all textile materials related professionals. It can also sure as a textbook for textile engineering majors. I am sure the book can find more readers from industry now due to the fact that many professionals are trying to catch up the information on new materials. "

Reviewed by: Professor Gang Sun, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of California, Davis,
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