Common Core Curriculum: World History, Grades 3–5. Common Core History: The Alexandria Plan

  • ID: 2766304
  • Book
  • Region: Global
  • 288 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The Alexandria Plan

The Alexandria Plan is Common Core s curriculum for the teaching of United States and world history. This strategic framework identifies high–quality informational texts and narrative nonfiction that teach students history and promote mastery of the Common Core State Standards for ELA. The history studied complements the best state social studies standards. This four–volume series encompasses Grades K–2 and 3–5 for both United States and world history.

Features of each book include

  • Concise Era Summaries that orient both teachers and students to the historical background of an era
  • A list of suggested anchor texts that teach an essential aspect of an era
  • One text study per era that draws students through a close read of an anchor text with text–dependent questions and writing–based performance assessments
  • Learning Expectations that articulate the key ideas, events, facts, and figures to study in a particular grade span

This volume introduces upper elementary students to eighteen key eras in world history, from the discovery of fire to modern globalization, through stories that will captivate readers and inspire curiosity to learn more.

On the Cover : Graffiti on the west side of the Berlin Wall. Photo: Junophoto - Getty

How can art be a form of protest?

Common Core takes advantage of every opportunity to build students cultural literacy. That is why the cover of each book we publish is illustrated with an important work of painting, sculpture, or architecture. We select images that we know students will love to look at again and again. These works relate to ideas taken up in the book. The Berlin Wall, constructed in 1961, is the most familiar image of the Cold War. For nearly 20 years it divided the free world from the Communist block, in many cases separating families. Approximately one thousand people died trying to get to freedom on the other side. Citizens on the free side protested the wall, in part, by covering it with graffiti. Meanwhile, on the Communist side, where people were not allowed freedom of expression, the wall remained blank.

Common Core, Inc. (commoncore.org) is a non–profit organization formed in 2007 to advocate for a content–rich liberal arts education in America s K–12 schools. To improve education in America, Common Core creates curriculum materials, conducts professional development, and also promotes programs, policies, and initiatives at the local, state, and federal levels that provide students with challenging, rigorous instruction in the full range of liberal arts and sciences. Common Core, Inc. is not affiliated with the Common Core State Standards Initiative.

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Introduction: How to Use the Alexandria Plan vii

Era 1 From First Fire to First Community: Humanity Evolves (ca. 200,000 bce to 3000 bce) 1
Text Study: Early Humans by DK Publishing

Era 2 Civilizations Emerge: The Power of Words and of Bronze (ca
3500 bce to ca
1000 bce) 7

Text Study: Mesopotamia by Don Nardo

Era 3 From Iron to Ideas: Religion and Freedom Take Shape (ca
1700 bce to 400 bce) 15

Text Study: Ancient Israelites and Their Neighbors: An Activity Guide by Marian Broida

Era 4 The Classical Era: Hellenistic Greece and Rome Flourish (400 bce to 476 ce) 23
Text Study: Roman Diary: The Journal of Iliona of Mytilini, Who Was Captured and Sold as a Slave in Rome, ad 107 by Richard Platt and David Parkins

Era 5 Religion and War: Driving Change in Asian Empires (1750 bce to ca
1650 ce) 31

Text Study: Kubla Khan: The Emperor of Everything by Kathleen Krull

Era 6 The Rise of Islam: Religion Travels on a Road of Silk (ca
610 ce to 1500s) 39

Text Study: Traveling Man: The Journey of Ibn Battuta, 1325 1354 by James Rumford

Era 7 Europe after Rome Fell: The Middle Ages Descend (400s to 1350) 47
Text Study: Good Masters! Sweet Ladies! Voices from a Medieval Village by Laura Amy Schlitz

Era 8 The Renaissance: Thought Reborn and Made Beautiful (ca
1300 to 1648) 55

Text Study: Michelangelo by Diane Stanley

Era 9 Americas North and South: The New World (ca. 20,000 bce to ca
1500 ce) 65

Text Study: The Ancient Maya by Jennifer Fretland VanVoorst

Era 10 Europe s Global Expansion (1492 to ca. 1700) 73
Text Study: Hernando Cortés: Spanish Invader of Mexico by John Zronik

Era 11 The Revolutionary Roots: The Modern West (ca
1600 to 1800) 81

Text Study: Starry Messenger: Galileo Galilei by Peter Sis

Era 12 The Industrial Revolution: Nationalism Unites (1790s to 1880s) 91
Text Study: Marie Antoinette: Madam Deficit by Liz Hockinson

Era 13 Modern Imperialism: A Race of Conquest and Supremacy (ca. 1790s to 1900) 99
Text Study: The Slave Trade by Melody Herr

Era 14 National Rivalries: The Eruption of Global Conflict (1880s to 1918) 107
Text Study: In Flanders Field by John McCrae
Text Study: Where Poppies Grow: A World War I Companion by Linda Granfield

Era 15 Depression after Versailles: The Rise of Totalitarian Powers (1919 to 1930s) 115
Text Study: Joseph Stalin (1879 1953) by BBC History
Text Study: Breaking Stalin s Nose by Eugene Yelchin

Era 16 Global Calamity: Appeasement Fails and Global Conflict Returns (mid–1930s to 1945) 123
Text Study: Remember World War II: Kids Who Survived Tell Their Stories by Dorinda Makanaonalani Nicholson

Era 17 Post–War World: An Iron Curtain Divides the Globe (1945 to 1960s) 133
Text Study: Lesson on Discrimination Based on Race by United Nations Cyber School Bus
Text Study: Apartheid Timeline by United Nations Cyber School Bus
Text Study: Journey to Jo Burg: A South African Story by Beverley Naidoo

Era 18 The Cold War Thaws: Uneasy Cooperation between Nations (1960s to Present) 141
Text Study: Hands around the Library: Protecting Egypt s Treasured Books by Karen Leggett Abouraya

Era Summaries 149

Era 1 From First Fire to First Community: Humanity Evolves (ca. 200,000 bce to 3000 bce) 151
Human Origins and Migration Paleolithic Societies and the Emergence of Human Culture The Agricultural Revolution Technology, Trade, and the Rise of Settled Communities

Era 2 Civilizations Emerge: The Power of Words and of Bronze (ca
3500 bce to ca
1000 bce) 154

The First Cities: Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, and China States of the Early Bronze Age The Invention and Impact of Writing The Later Bronze Age in West Asia and the Mediterranean

Era 3 From Iron to Ideas: Religion and Freedom Take Shape (ca
1700 bce to 400 bce) 158

Bronze Age Collapse and the New Peoples of the Iron Age Ancient Israel and the Roots of Eura Ancient Israel and the Roots of Eurasian Monotheism The Revival of Greek Culture and the Expansion of Greek Influence The Brief Glories of Classical Athens

Era 4 The Classical Era: Hellenistic Greece and Rome Flourish (400 bce to 476 ce) 163
Alexander s Empire and the Hellenistic Legacy Rome Rises Imperial Rome and Its Breaking Point Christianity, Constantine, and the Decline of the Western Empire

Era 5 Religion and War: Driving Change in Asian Empires (1750 bce to ca
1650 ce) 168

India: From the Vedas to the Guptas Buddhism, Hinduism, and the Wider World Imperial China Emerges China from Tang to Qing Lands beyond China: Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia

Era 6 The Rise of Islam: Religion Travels on a Road of Silk (ca
610 ce to 1500s) 174

Islam s Origins and Rapid Conquests Political Division and Cultural Achievement Amid Chaos, Continued Expansion Later Islamic Empires

Era 7 Europe after Rome Fell: The Middle Ages Descend (400s to 1350) 179
Europe Rebuilds in the Wake of Rome s Fall The Carolingian Empire and Its Successors The Feudal States of Western Europe European Commerce and Culture: The Medieval Revival

Era 8 The Renaissance: Thought Reborn and Made Beautiful (ca
1300 to 1648) 185

The Changing World of Late Medieval Europe Classical Revival, the Expansion of Learning, and the Rise of the Renaissance Exploration and the Roots of European Expansion The Reformation and
Its Consequences

Era 9 Americas North and South: The New World (ca. 20,000 bce to ca
1500 ce) 192

Early Human Settlement of the Americas The Native Peoples of North America The Native Peoples of Mesoamerica The Native Peoples of South America

Era 10 Europe s Global Expansion (1492 to ca. 1700) 196
Spain Takes On the New World Other European Powers Enter the Americas The African Slave Trade Intensifies Europe Expands into Asia and Eastern Colonialism Begins

Era 11 The Revolutionary Roots: The Modern West (ca
1600 to 1800) 201

Uneven Growth and Economic Modernization Freedom versus Power: England and France in the Seventeenth Century New Ideas Emerge in a Rapidly Modernizing Europe America and France Enter the Age of Revolution

Era 12 The Industrial Revolution: Nationalism Unites (1790s to 1880s) 209
Napoleon s Europe Industrialization, Technology, Science and Turmoil Napoleon s Wake: Rising Threats to Europe s Old Regimes Nationalists, Conservatives, and the Unification of Italy and Germany

Era 13 Modern Imperialism: A Race of Conquest and Supremacy (ca. 1790s to 1900) 217
European Empires Face Decline in the Americas Britain Takes Over India as Europe Edges into Africa The West s Heavy Hand in the Pacific Late–Century Climax: The Disintegration of China and the Scramble for Africa

Era 14 National Rivalries: The Eruption of Global Conflict (1880s to 1918) 224
Empires in Collision Europe s Tinderbox Europe s Tensions Erupt into World War A New World of Science, Technology, War, and Culture

Era 15 Depression after Versailles: The Rise of Totalitarian Powers (1919 to 1930s) 232
The Versailles Settlement and Its Discontents Totalitarians Rising The Global Depression and the Entrenchment of the Nazis Science Advances in a World of Growing Danger

Era 16 Global Calamity: Appeasement Fails and Global Conflict Returns (mid–1930s to 1945) 240
Fascist Aggression Intensifies As Appeasement Fails, Europe Slides toward War Hitler Sweeps across Europe Global Conflict and the Devastation of Total War

Era 17 Post–War World: An Iron Curtain Divides the Globe (1945 to 1960s) 248
The Emerging Cold War Deterrence and the Uneasy Balance of the Superpowers The End of the Colonial Empires and the Rise of New Nations: South Asia and the Pacific Africa and the Middle East

Era 18 The Cold War Thaws: Uneasy Cooperation between Nations (1960s to Present) 254
Global Conflict and Diplomacy: Détente, China, and the Middle East The Cold War Ends and European Communism Falls The Changing Post Cold War World Recent Trends: Global Ties and Conflicts

Who Is Common Core 263

Acknowledgments 265

Index 267

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