Decontamination in Hospitals and Healthcare. Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials

  • ID: 2784316
  • Book
  • 704 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Decontamination in Hospitals and Healthcare brings an understanding of decontamination practices and the development of technologies for cleaning and control of infection to a wide audience interested in public health, including healthcare specialists, scientists, students or patients.

Part one highlights the importance and history of decontamination in hospitals and healthcare before exploring the role of standards in decontamination, infection control in Europe, and future trends in the area. Part two focuses on decontamination practices in hospitals and healthcare. It considers the role of the nurse in decontamination, the issues of microbial biofilm in waterlines, control of waterborne microorganisms, and the use of gaseous decontamination technologies. Further chapters explore decontamination of prions, the use of protective clothing, no-touch automated room disinfection systems, and controlling the presence of microorganisms in hospitals. Part three discusses practices for decontamination and sterilization of surgical instruments and endoscopes. These chapters examine a range of guidance documents, including the choice framework for local policy and procedures for decontamination of surgical instruments, as well as novel technologies for cleaning and detection of contamination.

Decontamination in Hospitals and Healthcare provides a reference source on decontamination for public health professionals and students concerned with healthcare. It is particularly useful for scientists in microbiology and disinfection/decontamination laboratories, healthcare workers who use disinfectants, students in microbiology, clinicians, members of the Institute of Decontamination Sciences/Central Sterilising Club, and those employed in the Central Sterile Services departments of healthcare facilities.

  • Discusses decontamination processes in Europe
  • Provides an in-depth understanding into decontamination in healthcare settings, specifically hospitals and dental practices
  • Examines the decontamination of surgical equipment and endoscopes
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Part 1 Fundamentals of decontamination in hospitals and healthcare: The importance of decontamination in hospitals and healthcare; The history of decontamination in hospitals; The Role of Standards in decontamination; Infection control in Europe; Future trends in decontamination in hospitals and healthcare. Part 2 Decontamination practices in hospitals and healthcare: Decontamination in primary care: Dental and hospital perspectives; The role of the nurse in decontamination; Minimising microbial contamination in dental unit water systems and microbial control in dental hospitals; Control of waterborne microorganisms and reducing the threat from Legionella and Pseudomonas; The role of continuous microbial debulking in the hospital environment and its effect on reducing hospital-acquired infections (HAI); Provision and control of water for healthcare purposes; Use of gaseous decontamination technologies for wards and isolation rooms in hospitals and healthcare settings; Biocides and decontamination agents including sporicides for decontamination in hospitals; Decontamination of prions; Cleaning and decontamination of the healthcare environment; The role of protective clothing in healthcare and its decontamination; A guide to no-touch automated room disinfection (NTD) systems; New technologies to control the presence of microorganisms in hospitals; Testing strategies and international standards for disinfectants. Part 3 Decontamination of surgical instruments and endoscopes: An overview of current decontamination practices of surgical instruments and medical devices; An overview of the Choice Framework for local Policy and Procedures (CFPP) for decontamination of surgical instruments; An overview of new technologies for the decontamination of surgical instruments and the quantification of protein residues: low-pressure radiofrequency (RF) gas-plasma decontamination and epifluorescence scanning (EFSCAN) detection; Efficacy of current and novel cleaning technologies (ID Box) for assessing protein contamination on surgical instruments; Decontamination of flexible endoscopes; Sterilisation of flexible endoscopes.
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Walker, Jimmy
Jimmy Walker currently works for the Health Protection Agency as a decontamination specialist in the Biosafety unit at Porton Down, Salisbury (UK) and has over 20 years' experience in public health microbiology with over 50 peer reviewed manuscripts and is a referee and editor for a number of scientific and peer reviewed journals.
He has carried out research on the presence and control of biofilms in a wide range of environments including water systems, dental unit water systems and medical devices, assessed the presence of residual protein on dental instruments and worked on the potential risk of transmission of variant Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease via dental procedures. He has also been involved in assessing the efficacy of disinfectants against Clostridium difficile as well as working with the European Space Agency to investigate a range of low temperature sterilisation technologies for the decontamination of space materials, modules and habitats.
In addition Dr Walker has worked with the Department of Health on a range of decontamination projects. Dr Walker is a member of the DH Pseudomonas working group, provides expert advice on Pseudomonas and Legionella in water systems and is currently working with the DH to write the national guidance for the sampling and testing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in water systems.
Dr Walker is also the Secretary of the Central Sterilisation Club.
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