Glass. Mechanics and Technology. 2nd Edition

  • ID: 2785562
  • Book
  • 416 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Glass is a material with essentially unlimited application possibilities. This second edition of a comprehensive reference in glass science, points out the correlation between the performance of industrial processes and practice–relevant properties, such as strength and optical properties. Interdisciplinary in his approach, the author discusses both the science and technology, starting with an outline of history and applications, glass structure, and rheology.

The sections on properties include mechanical strength and contact resistance, ageing, mechanics of glass processes, the production and control of residual stresses, high–tech products, and current research and development. Applications include glazing, packaging, optical glass, glass fibers for reinforcement, and abrasive tools. The development of touchscreen technology showed how important were the design and resistance of thin flexible glass and these new thin aluminosilicate glasses are also discussed.

Containing a Foreword by René Gy, Saint Gobain.

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INTRODUCTION

GLASS, A CERAMIC MATERIAL

Four Classes of Materials

Materials Properties

Selecting Materials

Performance Indexes

Shape Factors in Mechanical Design

GLASS PREHISTORY AND HISTORY

Natural Glasses

Early Glasses

First Optical Glasses

Modern Glasses

APPLICATIONS OF GLASS

Glazing

Containers

Optical Glass

Glass Fibres for Insulation and Reinforcement

Abrasive Tools

Glass Manufacturers

GLASS STRUCTURE

Introduction

Silica Glass and Related Glasses

Borate Glass and Related Glasses

Organic and Chalcogenide Glasses

Metallic Glasses

Avoiding Crystallization

Vitroceramic Fabrication

Surface Structure

GLASS RHEOLOGY

Viscosity

Glass Transition and its Observation

Viscous Response of Glass

Visco–Elastic Response of Glass

Thermal Tempering of Glass

Transient Stress

Chemical Tempering of Glass

MECHANICAL STRENGHT OF GLASS

Theoretical Strength

Tensile Resistance of Glass

Stress Concentration and Griffith Energy Balance

Linear Elasticity Crack Tip Stress Field

SIF under Non–uniform Stress

Toughness Measurement

Influence of Residual Stress on Strength and Fragmentation

Statistic Weibull Analysis

CONTACT RESISTANCE OF GLASS

Sharp and Blunt Contact

Sharp Contact Resistance

Scratch Resistance

Abrasion Resistance

Introducing a Controlled and Critical Surface Flaw

Cutting Glass

AGEING OF GLASS

Fatigue in Glass

Stress Corrosion

Charles and Hillig Theory

Life Time Under Static Fatigue

Applications

NiS Phase Transformation

Crack Healing

MECHANICS OF GLASS PROCESSES

Introduction

Float Process

Fusion Draw

Container Process

Fiber Process

PRODUCTION CONTROL OF RESIDUAL STRESSES

Introduction

Residual Stresses in Flat Glass

Basics of Photoelasticity in Flat Glass

Stress Meters

HIGH–TECH PRODUCES AND R&D

Market Trend–Driven R&D

Flat Displays

Thin–Film Technology

Residual Stresses in Thin Film

CONCLUSIONS

APPENDICES

Light Absorption and Dispersion

Atomic Structure and Bond Formation

Thermal Expansion and Elasticity

Falling Sphere Viscometer and Fining of Glass

Theoretical Strength of a Solid

Weibull Analysis in Practice

Photoelasticity Set Up for Lectures

Instrumented Nanoindentation Applied to Thin Films

Strain and Stress

Flow and Plasticity in Glass

Finite Element Analysis

X–Ray Diffraction Analysis of Thin Film Residual Stresses

Diffusion
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Eric Le Bourhis is professor at Poitiers University (Futuroscope, France). He initially taught at a secondary school in Lima (Peru) between 1989 and 1991. Upon returning to France, he gained his PhD at Paris VII University in 1994. During this period, he started investigations of the thermo–mechanical properties of semiconductors. Then he joined Evry University for one year as an assistant professor and subsequently the Saint Gobain R&D team at Aubervilliers for 4 years as an engineer. During this industrial period, he applied contact mechanics to glass surfaces and coatings developed for glazing, and was also involved in industrial production tasks. He joined Poitiers University in 1998, where he has pursued an activity to promote sol–gel hybrid coatings in close collaboration with glass industrial manufacturers, while his other activities focus on small–scale mechanics.

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