Emulsions, Foams, Suspensions, and Aerosols. Microscience and Applications. 2nd Edition

  • ID: 2785563
  • Book
  • 512 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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This is the first book to provide an integrated introduction to the nature, formation and occurrence, stability, propagation, and uses of the most common types of colloidal dispersion in the process–related industries. The primary focus is on the applications of the principles, paying attention to practical processes and problems. This is done both as part of the treatment of the fundamentals, where appropriate, and also in the separate sections devoted to specific kinds of industries. Throughout, the treatment is integrated, with the principles of colloid and interface science common to each dispersion type presented for each major physical property class, followed by separate treatments of features unique to emulsions, foams, or suspensions.

The first half of the book introduces the fundamental principles, introducing readers to suspension formation and stability, characterization, and flow properties, emphasizing practical aspects throughout. The following chapters discuss a wide range of industrial applications and examples, serving to emphasize the different methodologies that have been successfully applied.

The author assumes no prior knowledge of colloid chemistry and, with its glossary of key terms, complete cross–referencing and indexing, this is a must–have for graduate and professional scientists and engineers who may encounter or use emulsions, foams, or suspensions, or combinations thereof, whether in process design, industrial production, or in related R&D fields.

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INTRODUCTION

From the Colloidal State to Nanotechnology

Classification of Emulsions, Foams, Suspensions and Aerosols

Characterization and Stability

DISPERSION AND DISPERSED SPECIES CHARACTERIZATION

Introduction

Surface Area, Surfaces, Porosity and Permeability

Size and Size Distribution

Conductivity

Sedimentation, Creaming and Centrifugation

Characterization of Emulsions

Characterization of Foams

Characterization of Suspensions

Characterization of Aerosols

INTERFACIAL ENERGETICS

Surface Area

Surface and Interfacial Tensions

Pressure and Curved Surfaces

Contact Angle and Wettability

Surfactants and Micelles

Applications of Surface Activity

Other Lyophilic Colloids: Microemulsions

ELECTROKINETICS

Charged Interfaces

Electric Double Layer

Electrokinetic Phenomena

Electrostatic Properties in Non–aqueous Media

COLLOID STABILITY

Introduction

Electrostatic and Dispersion Forces

DLVO Theory and Practice

Hydration and Steric Effects

Additional Stabilizing Influences

Kinetics

Destabilization of Colloids

COLLOID RHEOLOGY

Introduction

Principles

Measurement

Non–Newtonian Flow Properties

Other Viscosity Nomenclature and Parameters

Dispersion Rheology

Surface Rheology

Flow in Pipelines and Constraining Media

PREPARATION, INHIBITION AND DESTRUCTION OF DISPERSIONS

Introduction

Preparation

Destruction and/or Inhibition

INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL AND INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS

General Uses

Emulsions

Foams

Suspensions

Aerosols

Hazards

APPLICATIONS IN THE ENVIRONMENT

Introduction

Rocks, Sediments and Soils

Environmental Soil Remediation

Water and Wastewater Treatment

Spills and Other Hazards

Environmental Foam Blankets

Environmental Aerosols

MINING AND MINERAL PROCESSING APPLICATIONS

Introduction

Hydraulic Mining and Hydrotransport

Mineral Flotation

Tailings and Tailings Ponds

Dust–Suppressing Foam Blankets

PETROLEUM INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS

Oilwells, Gas Wells and Near Wells

Reservoirs

Surface Operations

MANUFACTURING AND MATERIALS SCIENCE APPLICATIONS

Introduction

Wood Processing and Papermaking

Inks and Printing

Emulsions for Road Paving

Metalworking

Cleaning Processes

Surface Coatings Including Paints

Polymer Synthesis

Ceramics Manufacture

Firefighting Foams

Other Applications

FOOD PRODUCT AND AGRICULTURAL APPLICATIONS

Introduction to Food Colloids

Stabilizing Agents

Preparation

Stability

Protein–Stabilized Emulsions

Non–Protein–Stabilized Emulsions

Foam Food Products

Other Food Colloids

Introduction to Agricultural Colloids

BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL APPLICATIONS

Introduction

Vesicle Carriers

Polymer Coatings

Emulsion Carriers

Colloids in Diagnostics

Smart Materials in Medicine

PERSONAL CARE PRODUCT APPLICATIONS

Introduction

Detergents, Shampoos and Conditioners

Cosmetic Skin Care Products

Other Personal Care Products

EMERGING AREAS IN EMULSION, FOAMS, SUSPENSIONS AND AEROSOLS

Introduction

Microscopy, Supermicroscopy and Nanoscopy

Combatting Terror Agents

Smart Colloids and Smart Materials

Nanomaterials and Nanodispersions

Nanoscience Phenomenology and Biomimetics

Index

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Laurier L. Schramm
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