Qualitative Inquiry in Evaluation. From Theory to Practice. Research Methods for the Social Sciences

  • ID: 2785610
  • Book
  • 336 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Qualitative inquiry methods and philosophy, with practical real–world applications

Qualitative Inquiry in Evaluation brings together evaluation theory and practice to provide an accessible, practical introduction to qualitative evaluation for students, and a useful reference for practicing evaluators. Contributions from leading practitioners describe the design, implementation, and reporting of qualitative evaluations in real–world settings, and case–based examples illustrate the benefits and challenges faced in those settings. Readers learn how qualitative inquiry fits into major evaluation approaches, and gain the skills and knowledge required to produce a high–quality evaluation.

Compiled by active, recognized experts in the field, this book provides a unique insight into the evaluator s methodological toolbox, as well as utilization techniques that can ease the everyday challenges presented by complicated or nuanced settings.

  • Understand the origins and significance of qualitative inquiry in evaluation
  • Conceptualize and implement qualitative inquiry within commonly used evaluation approaches
  • Discover the key competencies that make an effective qualitative evaluator
  • Learn how to optimize stakeholder relationships with dialogue and mutual learning
  • Examine strategies for balancing roles and navigating ethical conundrums

Effective evaluation requires a particular skillset and a deep understanding of prominent theory and methodology. Qualitative Inquiry in Evaluation draws from the wisdom and experience of industry leaders to provide a comprehensive, practical reference.

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Figures and Tables xi

Introduction xiii

About the Editors xxi

About the Contributors xxv

Acknowledgments xxxi

PART ONE: The Intersection of Qualitative Inquiry and Evaluation Approaches 1

CHAPTER ONE: THE ORIGINS, MEANING, AND SIGNIFICANCE OF QUALITATIVE INQUIRY IN EVALUATION 3Thomas A. Schwandt and Timothy J. Cash

The Genesis of Qualitative Evaluation 4

What Is Qualitative Evaluation? 7

Enduring Contributions 11

Conclusion 18

Key Concepts 19

Discussion Questions 19

References 20

CHAPTER TWO: QUALITATIVE INQUIRY IN UTILIZATION–FOCUSED EVALUATION 25Michael Quinn Patton

The Focus on Evaluation Use as the Primary Evaluation Outcome 27

Basic Definitions 28

Involving Intended Users in Making Evaluation Decisions 28

Qualitative Inquiry into Evaluation Use: Emergence of the Personal Factor 30

Considerations for Incorporating Qualitative Inquiry into Utilization–Focused Evaluations 35

Particularly Appropriate Uses of Qualitative Evaluations 37

Value of Incorporating Qualitative Approaches 46

Challenges Associated with Qualitative Inquiry in Utilization–Focused Evaluations 49

Conclusion 52

Key Concepts 53

Discussion Questions 53

References 54

CHAPTER THREE: QUALITATIVE INQUIRY FOR POLICY MAKERS 55George F. Grob

Who Are the Policy Makers and How Do They Operate? 57

Why Qualitative Analysis Is Important to Policy Makers 59

Principles for Influencing Policy Makers 60

Conclusion 73

Key Concepts 74

Discussion Questions 74

References 75

CHAPTER FOUR: QUALITATIVE INQUIRY WITHIN THEORY–DRIVEN EVALUATION: PERSPECTIVES AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS 77Katrina L. Bledsoe

Theory–driven Evaluation: A Brief History 81

Key Elements in Theory–driven Evaluation 83

Qualitative Inquiry: An Imperative to Theory–driven Evaluation 89

Conclusion 92

Key Concepts 94

Discussion Questions 95

References 95

CHAPTER FIVE: CONCEPTUAL AND PRACTICAL INTERSECTIONS BETWEEN PARTICIPATORY EVALUATION AND QUALITATIVE INQUIRY 99Jill Anne Chouinard and J. Bradley Cousins

Participatory Evaluation: Concepts and Principles of Practice 103

Qualitative Inquiry: A Brief Overview of Key Characteristics 107

Locating Participatory Evaluation and Qualitative Inquiry: Conceptual Intersections 109

Epistemological Intersections 110

Methodological Linkages 117

Methods 118

Practical Intersections 119

Key Benefits 128

Potential Challenges 129

Conclusion 130

Key Concepts 131

Discussion Questions 131

References 132

PART TWO: Tales from the Field of Qualitative Evaluation 139

CHAPTER SIX: WHAT DOES IT TAKE TO BE AN EFFECTIVE QUALITATIVE EVALUATOR? ESSENTIAL COMPETENCIES 141Laurie Stevahn and Jean A. King

Competencies for Professional Practice 143

Toward Competencies for Evaluators 144

Evaluator Competency Taxonomies 145

Competencies for Qualitative Evaluators 151

Core Competency Domains 151

Commitment to the Qualitative Paradigm 154

Technical Expertise 156

The Qualitative Sixth Sense 160

Conclusion 162

Key Concepts 162

Discussion Questions 163

References 164

CHAPTER SEVEN: DEALING WITH ASYMMETRIC RELATIONS BETWEEN STAKEHOLDERS: FACILITATING DIALOGUE AND MUTUAL LEARNING THROUGH QUALITATIVE INQUIRY 167Vivianne E. Baur and Tineke A. Abma

Evaluators Outlook and Identity 168

The Project 171

Evaluators Methodological Choices and Actions 175

Conclusion 183

Key Concepts 184

Discussion Questions 185

References 185

CHAPTER EIGHT: BALANCING INSIDER OUTSIDER ROLES AS A NEW EXTERNAL EVALUATOR 189Norma Mart´ýnez–Rubin and Stuart Hanson

Responding to the Sponsoring Organization s Request for Proposals 191

The Use of Qualitative Inquiry 197

Personal Influences on Evaluation Design 198

Trends in Health Education 199

Delving into the Formality of Evaluation Design 200

Data Collection, Analysis, and Reporting 201

Reflections on Evaluator Background 206

Reflections on Our Evaluation Process 207

Reflections on Our Use of Qualitative Inquiry 209

Conclusion 210

Key Concepts 210

Discussion Questions 211

References 211

CHAPTER NINE: WHOSE STORY IS THIS, ANYWAY? NAVIGATING AN ETHICAL CONUNDRUM 213Sharon F. Rallis

The Context: Who s Doing What? 215

The Moral Lens on Qualitative Inquiry: Principles and Ethical Theories 217

Challenges: Ethical and Logistic 221

Conclusion 242

Acknowledgments 246

Key Concepts 247

Discussion Questions 247

Notes 248

References 248

CHAPTER TEN: ELEMENTS OF QUALITY IN QUALITATIVE EVALUATION 251Leslie Goodyear, Jennifer Jewiss, Janet Usinger, and Eric Barela

Understanding and Acknowledging Personal Identity 255

Building Trusting Relationships 258

Reflecting on and Managing Relationships 260

Employing Sound and Explicit Methodology, and Being Transparent about It 265

Staying True to the Data 268

Fostering Learning 272

Key Concepts 275

Notes 276

References 276

Index 277

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Leslie Goodyear
Eric Barela
Jennifer Jewiss
Janet Usinger
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