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A Companion to Moral Anthropology. Wiley Blackwell Companions to Anthropology

  • ID: 2827340
  • Book
  • January 2015
  • 664 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd

A Companion to Moral Anthropology represents the first collective effort to bring together the various currents, approaches, and issues in this emerging field. Didier Fassin and an international group of experts examine the multiple dimensions of morals, moralities and ethics. Their inquiry reflects a rapidly growing interest in the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies.

A scholar who has pioneered research in the field of moral anthropology, Didier Fassin discusses its diverse genealogies and its epistemological questions. The distinguished contributors to the volume explore the formation of moral facts (including values, virtues, and sentiments); local moralities in various contexts (around piety, poverty, or sexuality); perspectives on historically and culturally situated social worlds (such as religion, science, or finance); and the frontier between moralities and politics (in relation to humanitarianism, punishment, or borders). These original essays engage a dialogue with neighboring disciplines, from moral philosophy to the cognitive sciences. A Companion to Moral Anthropology offers a timely and thought–provoking glimpse into the current state and future directions of an important new area of research for the 21st–century world.

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Notes on Contributors viii

Introduction: Toward a Critical Moral Anthropology 1
Didier Fassin

Part I Legacies 19

1 Durkheim and the Moral Fact 21
Bruno Karsenti

2 Weber and Practical Ethics 37
Isabelle Kalinowski

3 E. P. Thompson and Moral Economies 49
Marc Edelman

4 Foucault and the Genealogy of Ethics 67
James D . Faubion

5 Relativism and Universalism 85
Richard A. Shweder

6 Anthropology and Ethics 103
Carolyn Fluehr–Lobban

Part II Approaches 115

7 Cultural Values 117
Joel Robbins

8 Ordinary Ethics 133
Veena Das

9 Moral Sentiments 150
C . Jason Throop

10 Moral Reasoning 169
Karen M . Sykes

11 Virtue 186
Thomas Widlok

12 Narratives 204
Jarrett Zigon

Part III Localities 221

13 Ethics and Piety 223
Saba Mahmood

14 Care and Disregard 242
João Biehl

15 Mourning 264
Everett Yuehong Zhang

16 Poverty 283
Harri Englund

17 Inequality 302
Caroline Humphrey

18 Sexuality 320
Stacy Leigh Pigg

Part IV Worlds 339

19 Religion and Morality 341
Michael Lambek

20 Charity 359
Jonathan Benthall

21 Medicine 376
Adriana Petryna

22 Science 395
Michael M . J . Fischer

23 Finance 413
Karen Ho

24 Law 432
Carol J. Greenhouse

Part V Politics 449

25 Humanitarianism 451
Peter Redfield

26 Human Rights 468
Mark Goodale

27 War 482
Catherine Lutz and Kathleen Millar

28 Violence 500
Alexander Hinton

29 Punishment 519
Roger Lancaster

30 Borders 540
Josiah M. Heyman and John Symons

Part VI Dialogues 559

31 Moral Philosophy 561
Kwame Anthony Appiah

32 Moral Psychology 578
James Dungan and Liane Young

33 Neuroethics 595
Massimo Reichlin

34 Evolutionary and Cognitive Anthropology 611
Nicolas Baumard and Dan Sperber

Index of Names 628

Subject Index 641

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Didier Fassin
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