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A Companion to Moral Anthropology. Wiley Blackwell Companions to Anthropology

  • ID: 2827340
  • Book
  • 664 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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A Companion to Moral Anthropology represents the first collective effort to bring together the various currents, approaches, and issues in this emerging field. Didier Fassin and an international group of experts examine the multiple dimensions of morals, moralities and ethics. Their inquiry reflects a rapidly growing interest in the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies.

A scholar who has pioneered research in the field of moral anthropology, Didier Fassin discusses its diverse genealogies and its epistemological questions. The distinguished contributors to the volume explore the formation of moral facts (including values, virtues, and sentiments); local moralities in various contexts (around piety, poverty, or sexuality); perspectives on historically and culturally situated social worlds (such as religion, science, or finance); and the frontier between moralities and politics (in relation to humanitarianism, punishment, or borders). These original essays engage a dialogue with neighboring disciplines, from moral philosophy to the cognitive sciences. A Companion to Moral Anthropology offers a timely and thought–provoking glimpse into the current state and future directions of an important new area of research for the 21st–century world.

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Notes on Contributors viii

Introduction: Toward a Critical Moral Anthropology 1Didier Fassin

Part I Legacies 19

1 Durkheim and the Moral Fact 21Bruno Karsenti

2 Weber and Practical Ethics 37Isabelle Kalinowski

3 E. P. Thompson and Moral Economies 49Marc Edelman

4 Foucault and the Genealogy of Ethics 67James D . Faubion

5 Relativism and Universalism 85Richard A. Shweder

6 Anthropology and Ethics 103Carolyn Fluehr–Lobban

Part II Approaches 115

7 Cultural Values 117Joel Robbins

8 Ordinary Ethics 133Veena Das

9 Moral Sentiments 150
C . Jason Throop

10 Moral Reasoning 169Karen M . Sykes

11 Virtue 186Thomas Widlok

12 Narratives 204Jarrett Zigon

Part III Localities 221

13 Ethics and Piety 223Saba Mahmood

14 Care and Disregard 242João Biehl

15 Mourning 264Everett Yuehong Zhang

16 Poverty 283Harri Englund

17 Inequality 302Caroline Humphrey

18 Sexuality 320Stacy Leigh Pigg

Part IV Worlds 339

19 Religion and Morality 341Michael Lambek

20 Charity 359Jonathan Benthall

21 Medicine 376Adriana Petryna

22 Science 395Michael M . J . Fischer

23 Finance 413Karen Ho

24 Law 432Carol J. Greenhouse

Part V Politics 449

25 Humanitarianism 451Peter Redfield

26 Human Rights 468Mark Goodale

27 War 482Catherine Lutz and Kathleen Millar

28 Violence 500Alexander Hinton

29 Punishment 519Roger Lancaster

30 Borders 540Josiah M. Heyman and John Symons

Part VI Dialogues 559

31 Moral Philosophy 561Kwame Anthony Appiah

32 Moral Psychology 578James Dungan and Liane Young

33 Neuroethics 595Massimo Reichlin

34 Evolutionary and Cognitive Anthropology 611Nicolas Baumard and Dan Sperber

Index of Names 628

Subject Index 641

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Didier Fassin
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