The Contemporary Conflict Resolution Reader

  • ID: 2865979
  • Book
  • 408 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Armed conflict may appear to be in long term decline, but the intractability and destructiveness of contemporary conflicts make conflict resolution as urgent and necessary as ever. The Contemporary Conflict Resolution Reader is the first comprehensive survey of the field as it has evolved over the last fifty years, bringing together the seminal writings of its founders with the cutting–edge interventions of today s leading exponents and practitioners.

Drawing on their extensive experience and knowledge of conflict and peace research across the world, the editors have selected a rich and illuminating set of readings that offer a unique and accessible overview of the many different aspects of conflict resolution. The chapters range across prevention, nonviolence, constructive approaches, mediation, negotiation, reconciliation and peace–building. Each one is framed by an editorial introduction and the readings are helpfully broken up into the following sections: reflective pieces, guides to practice, case studies and tools for learning. 

Covering classical and contemporary ideas, the Reader includes extracts which mark the continued innovation, relevance and dynamism of the field globally. Whether used on its own or as a companion to the hugely popular Contemporary Conflict Resolution, this Reader will be an invaluable resource for students and teachers of peace and conflict research, politics and international relations, as well as practitioners working in the field. While acknowledging the scale of the challenges ahead, this inspiring collection suggests a hopeful and practical vision of the way forward for conflict resolution in the 21st century.

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Sources and Acknowledgements

Debating Conflict Resolution: Texts, Voices and Narratives

Tom Woodhouse, Hugh Miall, Oliver Ramsbotham and Christopher Mitchell

Part I Foundations

Introduction

1 On Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch

Immanuel Kant

2 The Value for Conflict Resolution of a General Discipline of International Relations

Quincy P. Wright

3 The Mathematical Psychology of War

Lewis F. Richardson

4 Conflict and Defense; A General Theory

Kenneth Boulding

5 Conflict and Communication

John Burton

6 Conflict Theory and Practice

Johan Galtung

7 The Middle East Conflict

Johan Galtung

8 Conflict in Man–Made Environment

Anatol Rapoport

9 The Management of Protracted Social Conflict

Ed Azar

10 The Functions of Social Conflict

Lewis Coser

11 The Strategy of Conflict

Tom Schelling

12 Building a Global Civic Culture; Education for an Interdependent World

Elise Boulding

13 A Brief History of Social Psychological Theorizing about Conflict

Morton Deutsch

Toolbox

Part II Conflict Theories and Analysis

Introduction

Conflict Theories

14 The Structure of International Conflict

Chris Mitchell

15 Extending the Reach of Basic Human Needs

Dennis Sandole

16 Ethnic Groups in Conflict

Donald Horowitz

17 New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era

Mary Kaldor

18 The Economic Functions of Violence in Civil Wars

David Keen

19 Horizontal Inequalities: A Neglected Dimension of Development

Frances Stewart

20 Dynamics of Contention

Doug McAdam, Sidney Tarrow, Charles Tilly

21 A Nested Theory of Conflicts

Marie Dugan

22 Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies

John Paul Lederach

23 Conflict Resolution and the Structural Sources of Conflict

Richard Rubinstein

24 Telling Each Other Apart: A Discursive Approach to Violent Conflict

Jolle Demmers

25 Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War

James Fearon and David Laitin

Conflict Analysis

26 Conflict Analysis Tools

Simon Mason and Sandra Rychard

27 FAST Conflict Analytical Framework applied to Angola

Swisspeace

28 Systemic Conflict Transformation: Reflections on the Conflict and Peace Process in Sri Lanka

Norbert Ropers

Toolbox

Part III Praxis (1): Conflict Prevention and Nonviolence

Introduction

Reflective Pieces

29 Constructive Conflict: from Escalation to Resolution

Louis Kriesberg and Bruce W. Dayton

30 Breaking Cycles of Violence, Conflict Prevention in Intrastate Conflicts

Janie Leatherman, Raimo Väyrynen, William E. Demars, and Patrick Gaffney

31 Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life; Hindus and Muslims in India

Ashutosh Varshney

Guides to Practice

32 Report of the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict

Case Studies

33 Conflict Prevention in the Baltic States: The OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania

Ed. Rob Zaagman

34 Chill Out: Why Cooperation is Balancing Conflict Among Major States in the New Arctic

Andrew Hart, Bruce Jones and David Steven

35 Negotiation Games

Steven Brams

36 Nonviolence in Peace and War, vol II

Mohandas K. Gandhi

37 From Dictatorship to Democracy

Gene Sharp

38 Nonviolent Resistance and Conflict Transformation in Power Asymmetries

Veronique Dudouet

Toolbox

Part IV Praxis (2): Mediation, Negotiation and Reconciliation

Introduction

Reflective Pieces

39 Understanding Conflict Resolution

Peter Wallensteen

40 Making Peace

Adam Curle

41 International Mediation in Theory and Practice

Saadia Touval and William Zartman

42 Readiness Theory and the Northern Ireland Conflict

Dean Pruitt

43 Why Orphaned Peace Settlements are More Prone to Failure

Fen Hampson

44 The Mediation Dilemma

Kyle Beardsley

45 The Meaning of Reconciliation

Hizkias Assefa

Guides to Practice

46 Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In

Roger Fisher and William Ury

47 From Identity–Based Conflict to Identity–Based Cooperation

Jay Rothman

48 Approaches to Community Relations Work

Mari Fitzduff

49 Peacemaking Public and Private

Adam Curle

50 In the Middle

Adam Curle

51 Training Manual in Community Mediation Skills

Mediation UK

52 Use of language by mediators: Exercises

Case Studies

53 Disputes and Negotiations

Philip Gulliver

54 Explaining Conflict Transformation: How Jerusalem became Negotiable

Cecilia Albin

55 The Dayton Agreement. The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina

56 Northern Ireland documents

Toolbox

Part V Praxis (3): Peacebuilding

Introduction

Reflective Pieces

57 Understanding the Contradictions of Postwar Peacebuilding

Roland Paris and Timothy Sisk

58 The US Role in Nation–Building: From Germany to Iraq and The UN s Role in Nation–Building: From Congo to Iraq

James Dobbins et al.

59 Hybrid peace: the Interaction Between top–down and bottom–up peace

Roger Mac Ginty

60 Transitional justice and reconciliation: theory and practice

Martina Fischer

61 Towards a Strategic Framework for Peacebuilding: Getting Their Act Together

Dan Smith

62 The Potential Complementarity of Mediation and Consultation within a Contingency Model of Third Party Intervention

Ronald Fisher and Loraleigh Keashly

Guides to Practice

63 Code of Conduct for Conflict Transformation

International Alert

Case Studies

64 Women Take the Lead in Pastoral Kenya

Van Tongeren et al. (eds.)

65 Governing (in) Kirkuk: resolving the status of a disputed territory in post–American Iraq

Stefan Wolff

Toolbox

Part VI Challenges and Future Directions

Introduction

66 The Better Angels of our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined

Stephen Pinker

67 Climate Change and Armed Conflict

James Lee

68 Revisiting Change and Conflict: On Underlying Assumptions and the De–Politicisation of Conflict Resolution

Vivienne Jabri

69 From Pacification to Peacebuilding: A Call to Global Transformation

Diana Francis

70 Culture and Conflict Resolution

Kevin Avruch

71 Peace Studies: A Cultural Perspective

Karlheinz Koppe, Aurangzeb Haneef, Kam–Por Yu, Grimaldo Remifo, Kofi Asare Opoku

72 Ushahidi: From Crisis Mapping in Kenya to Mapping the Globe

73 Cosmopolitanism after 9/11

David Held

Toolbox

Index
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"This book is an absolute must–have resource for anyone interested in the birth and history of conflict resolution as a field of study, as well as a lexicon of fundamental documents that are currently shaping thinking and practice in the peacebuilding field. It is a unique and inspiring testimony to many of the challenges the field has faced, as well as demonstrating the strategic import of todays scholars and practitioners about how better to address the resolution of conflicts around the world today."
Mari Fitzduff, Brandeis University

"This book is indispensable for all teachers, researchers and practitioners in the field of conflict resolution and peace–building. It brings together seminal, defining texts so that readers can discern the genealogy of our interdisciplinary academic discipline. But it also directs our attention to a whole series of tried and tested practical measures for dealing with deep division and violence. By combining the readings into theory ,praxis , peace–building and reconciliation this collection reminds us that this field is not only deeply analytical but also normative in intent. It does not succumb to the paralysing consequences of realist pessimism nor fall into any false idealist position. It analyses violence critically and provides hard and tested solutions to deep rooted and intractable problems. I will be ordering it for myself and my library. It will find its way as a key text in our field."
Kevin Clements, National Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies,University of Otago, New Zealand

"Once again, Woodhouse et al. have produced an incredible resource for the conflict resolution field. I have been using various portions of Contemporary Conflict Resolution in my graduate classes for years, and this new book complements it beautifully. It brings together in one volume an array of primary theories in the field with current writing that highlights both questions and challenges. My students are always asking ?is there a basic set of readings in conflict resolution?? and I?ll now be able to point them in the direction of this great new book!"
Eileen F. Babbitt, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University

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