Fundamentals of Amorphous Solids. Structure and Properties

  • ID: 2882938
  • Book
  • 272 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Adopting a unique approach, this book lays the foundations for the theory of amorphousness. The scientific mysteries surrounding the topic are unraveled, replacing rather vague notions of amorphous materials as disordered crystalline solids with the well–founded concept of ideal amorpous solids. A classification of amorphous materials into inorganic glasses, organic glasses, glassy metallic alloys, and thin films sets the scene for the development of the model of ideal amorphous solids, based on topology– and statistics–governed rules of three–dimensional sphere packing, which leads to structures with no short, mid or long–range order. This general model is then concretized to the description of specific compounds in the four fundamental classes of amorphous solids, as well as amorphous polyethylene and poly(methyl)methacrylate, emphasizing its versatility an descriptive power. Finally, example applications to indicate the abundance of amorphous materials in modern–day technology are included, thus illustrating the importance of a better understanding of their structure and properties.

This book can be used as supplementary reading in courses on crystallography, mineralogy, solid state physics, and materials science where amorpous materials have played only a minor role until now.

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Preface

SPHERES, CLUSTERS AND PACKING OF SPHERES

Introduction

Geometry of Spheres

Geometry of Clusters

Geometry of Sphere Packings

Ideal Amorphous Aolid (IAS)

Construction of an Ideal Amorphous Solid Class I

Elementary Theory of Amorphousness

Classes of Ideal Amorphous Solids

Imperfections in IAS

CHARACTERISTICS OF SPHERE PACKINGS

Geometrical Properties

X–Ray Scattering

Glass Transition Measured by Calorimetry

GLASSY MATERIALS AND IDEAL AMORPHOUS SOLIDS

Introduction

Summary of Models of Amorphous Solids

IAS Model of a–Argon

IAS Model of a–NiNb Alloy

IAS Model of a–MgCuGd Alloy

IAS Model of a–ZrTiCuNiBe Alloy

IAS Model of a–Polyethylene (a–PE)

IAS Model of a–Silica (a–SiO2)

Chalcogenide Glasses

Concluding Remarks

MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR

Introduction

Elasticity

Elastic Properties of Amorphous Solids

Fracture

Plasticity

Plasticity in Plasticity: Amorphous Solids

Superplasticity

Viscoelasticity

Index
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Zbigniew H. Stachurski is Professor in the College of Engineering and Computer Science and a past Director of the Centre for the Science and Engineering of Materials at the Australian National University in Canberra (Australia). He obtained his MSc in Mechanical Engineering from the AGH University of Science and Technology in Krakow (Poland) and his PhD in Physics of Materials from the University of Bristol (UK). He was research fellow at the Universities of Alberta (Canada), Leeds (UK), Melbourne and CSIRO (Australia) before becoming Reader at the Australian National University. Zbigniew H. Stachurski′s research interests include the structure and physical properties of solids in general and more recently the theory of atomic arrangements in amorphous solids in particular.
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