Modulation of Sleep by Obesity, Diabetes, Age, and Diet

  • ID: 2899526
  • Book
  • 408 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Sleep disorder is a rampant problem in the US, with over 40 million Americans currently diagnosed according to the NIH. There is a clear association between sleep disorder and a wide range of other human disorders -performance deficiencies, psychiatric illnesses, heart disease, obesity and more - but in spite of this there is not yet a convenient overview on the market detailing the impact of obesity, age, diabetes and diet on sleep duration and attendant health outcomes. This volume focuses on the interaction between sleep and these factors, with special attention being paid to the potential for neurological modulation of sleep via diet. The volume aid readers in understanding the role each of these factors plays in sleep architecture and its regulation by circadian biology and neurology.

  • Aids in understanding the impact of age, diet, obesity and disease on sleep
  • Offers focus on neurological changes that affect metabolism
  • Explores diabetes induced sleep problems
  • Aid to understanding the multifactorial causes of age-related sleep dysfunction
  • Addresses selected studies of nutraceuticals affecting sleep for potential application clinically
  • Discusses major impact on sleep disorders by caffeine and alcohol
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Part I.  Mechanisms of Sleep Deprivation and General Dietary Therapies
1. Diet, Age, and Sleep in Invertebrate Model Organisms
2. The role of sleep in the control of feeding behavior
3. Diagnosing and Treatment of Shift Work Disorder
4. Normal sleep and its neurophysiological regulation
5. The 1-2-3's of Pediatric Sleep Disorders
6. Sleep Disturbances, Body Mass Index and Eating Behavior
Part II.  Obesity and Sleep Apnea
7. Neurocognitive Functions in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome
8. Adipose tissue in sleep apnea: effects of hypoxia and inflammation
9. Exercise, diet and obese adolescents: association with sleep deprivation
10. Sleep and Hypoxemia in Adults
11. Obesity hypoventilation syndrome
12. Sleep, sexual function and testosterone
13. The Malignant Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome
14. Obesity, inflammation and OSA: exercise as therapy
15. Obstructive sleep apnea in normal-weight and obese patients
Part III.  Metabolic Syndrome and Sleep Deprivation
16. Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Profiles and Relationships
17. Circadian Misalignment and Metabolic Consequences: Shiftwork and Altered Meal Times
18. Role of sympathetic nervous system in the metabolic syndrome and sleep apnea
19. Obstructive sleep apnoea and the metabolic syndrome: pathophysiological and clinical evidences
20. Sleep deprivation and metabolic syndrome
21. Excessive Daytime Sleepiness: Age, Sleep, Mood, and Metabolic Modulation
22. The metabolic role of saturated and monounsaturated dietary fatty acids: their contribution to obesity, brain activity and sleep behavior
Part IV.  Sleep and Diabetes
23. Obstructive Sleep Apnoea and Diabetic Microvascular Complications
24. Obstructive sleep apnea increases hemoglobin A1c levels: mechanisms and consequences
Part V.  Aging and Sleep Deprivation
25. Restless Legs Syndrome (Willis-Ekbom Disease) and Gastrointestinal Diseases
26. Relationship between Circadian Rhythms, Feeding and Obesity
27. The effects of nutrition on sleep and sleep complaints among elderly persons
28. Fragmented Sleep and Memory Consolidation
29. Sleepiness at the Wheel and Countermeasures; Effects of Caffeine, Napping and Blue Light
30. Sleep Deprivation and Behavioral Risk Taking
Part VI.  Food, Nutrients and Dietary Supplements: Sleep Modulation
31. Relationship between magnesium deficiency and sleep disorders and associated pathological changes
32. Physical Activity and Sedentary Time in Sleep Apnea and Obesity
33. Oxidative stress in sleep apnea
Part VII.  Alcohol and Sleep Dysfunction
34. Sleep in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
35. Adenosine and glutamate in neuroglial interaction: implications for sleep disorders and alcoholism
36. Sleep quality and risk of alcohol misuse
37. Sleep and Addictions: Linking Sleep Regulation with the Genesis of Addictive Behavior
38. Alcohol and sleep-disordered breathing
39. Patterns of Alcohol Consumption and Sleep in Shiftworkers
Part VIII.  Surgery
40. The impact of bariatric surgery on obstructive sleep apnea
41. Preoperative, Perioperative, and Postoperative Considerations in the Bariatric Surgery Patient with Sleep Apnea
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Watson, Ronald Ross
Ronald Ross Watson PhD is a professor of Health Promotion Sciences in the University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health. He was one of the founding members of this school serving the mountain west of the USA. He is a professor of Family and Community Medicine in the School of Medicine at the University of Arizona. He began his research in public health at the Harvard School of Public Health as a fellow in 1971 doing field work on vaccines in Saudi Arabia. He has done clinical studies in Colombia, Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and USA which provides a broad international view of public health. He has served in the military reserve hospital for 17 years with extensive training in medical responses to disasters as the chief biochemistry officer of a general hospital, retiring at a Lt. Colonel. He published 450 papers, and presently directs or has directed several NIH funded biomedical grants relating to alcohol and disease particularly immune function and cardiovascular effects including studying complementary and alternative medicines. Professor Ronald Ross Watson was Director of a National Institutes of Health funded Alcohol Research Center for 5 years. The main goal of the Center was to understand the role of ethanol-induced immunosuppression on immune function and disease resistance in animals. He is an internationally recognized alcohol-researcher, nutritionist and immunologist. He also initiated and directed other NIH-associated work at The University of Arizona, College of Medicine. Dr. Watson has funding from companies and non-profit foundations to study bioactive foods' components in health promotion. Professor Watson attended the University of Idaho, but graduated from Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah, with a degree in Chemistry in 1966. He completed his Ph.D. degree in 1971 in Biochemistry from Michigan State University. His postdoctoral schooling was completed at the Harvard School of Public Health in Nutrition and Microbiology, including a two-year postdoctoral research experience in immunology. Professor Watson is a distinguished member of several national and international nutrition, immunology, and cancer societies. Overall his career has involved studying many foods for their uses in health promotion. He has edited 120 biomedical reference books, particularly in health and 450 papers and chapters. His teaching and research in foods, nutrition and bacterial disease also prepare him to edit this book. He has 4 edited works on nutrition in aging. He has extensive experience working with natural products, alcohol, exercise, functional foods and dietary extracts for health benefits and safety issues, including getting 12 patents. Dr. Watson has done laboratory studies in mice on immune functions that decline with aging and the role of supplements in delaying this process as modified by alcohol and drugs of abuse.
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