Campuses have always experienced an ebb and flow of activism, and the recent displays of student activism on American campuses show that protesters remain a vibrant subculture in American higher education. From rising tuition costs to the need to improve and welcome diversity, activists signal a continued restlessness among the nation s collegiate youth over various issues, expressing their views with a vigor comparable to most periods in American history.
The purpose of this work is to dispel the myths that today′s activists are either apathetic or radicals determined on disrupting the establishment. It′s also a guide to help higher education practitioners better understand the needs, rights, and responsibilities of campus activists. And, it will help readers understand the best paths to not only allowing student voice, but helping direct that voice toward peaceful and constructive expression.
This is the 167th volume of the Jossey–Bass quarterly report series
New Directions for Higher Education. Addressed to presidents, vice presidents, deans, and other higher education decision makers on all kinds of campuses, it provides timely information and authoritative advice about major issues and administrative problems confronting every institution.
EDITORS′ NOTES 1Christopher J. Broadhurst, Georgianna L. Martin
1. Campus Activism in the 21st Century: A Historical Framing 3Christopher J. BroadhurstThis chapter frames campus activism by introducing the historical movements that have been important for higher education since the 18th century to the present and exploring the connections and shared characteristics among these various movements.
2. The Role of Graduate Student Unions in the Higher Education Landscape 17Heidi WhitfordGraduate student unionization efforts have made an indelible mark on the higher education milieu, as illustrated by the experiences of students who participated in this movement in recent years.
3. Collective Action on Campus Toward Student Development and Democratic Engagement 31Adrianna Kezar, Dan MaxeyThis chapter explores the ways faculty and staff work with students to support their activism as well as the way students tap faculty and staff to support their movements.
4. Campus–Based Organizing: Tactical Repertoires of Contemporary Student Movements 43Cassie L. BarnhardtThis chapter elaborates on the range of collective action tactics and organizing strategies that today s students invoke to pursue their ambitions for social change.
5. Performances of Student Activism: Sound, Silence, Gender, and Dis/ability 59Penny A. Pasque, Juanita Gamez VargasThis chapter explores the various performances of activism by students through sound, silence, gender, and dis/ability and how these performances connect to social change efforts around issues such as human trafficking, homeless children, hunger, and children
6. Development Through Dissent: Campus Activism as Civic Learning 73J. Patrick BiddixThis chapter traces two decades of published research on learning outcomes related to campus activism and reports results from a speculative study considering civic outcomes from participation in campus political and war demonstrations.
7. Understanding and Improving Campus Climates for Activists 87Georgianna L. MartinThis chapter synthesizes the common themes across chapters in this volume and argues that campus activists are an integral part of the higher education landscape.
Christopher J. Broadhurst is an assistant professor of higher education at the University of New Orleans.
Georgianna L. Martin is an assistant professor of higher education and student affairs administration at the University of Southern Mississippi. She also serves as codirector of the Research Initiative on Social Justice in Education (RISE).