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M2M/IoT and Visible Light Communications

  • ID: 3006354
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 134 Pages
  • PracTel Inc
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This report aims to further analyze WSS networking trends; with emphasis on the TCP/IP role in the creation the “Internet of things - IoT” and M2M communications. It also emphasizes the importance of Visible Light Communications in the creation of ubiquitous networking.

The Internet offers the potential to connect billions of machines and objects, creating what are known as the ‘Internet of Things'(IoT). This integrates various technologies including, Machine-to-Machine service platforms and WSNs.

The sufficient part of this report is dedicated to the analysis of Visible Light Communications (VLC) and its role to support ubiquitous communications necessary for the IoT/M2M development. VLC is still in the starting position, but promises inexpensive, high-speed communications with a wide variety of applications to connect smart objects.

The report details standardization activity on IoT/M2M, analyzes their markets and the evolving industry.

Up-to-date analysis of VLC technologies, applications, markets and the industry shows the important role that is placed on this type communications in support of IoT/M2M.

This report is based on data and information sourced from proprietary databases, primary and secondary research and in-house analysis by Practel’s team.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical, marketing and sale specialists working in the area WSN, IoT/M2M and VLC developments.

Research Methodology:

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

Target Audience:

This report is important for organizations involved in the development related to IoT/M2M and VLC technologies. They need to understand the market dynamics and to be familiar with vendors’ portfolios to make a right choice in selection of equipment.

For vendors, this report provides valuable information on competition. It also supports these vendors with the market assessments.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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1.0 Introduction
1.1 General
1.2 Scope and Goals
1.2.1 Layered Approach
1.3 Research Methodology
1.4 Target Audience

2.0 Wireless Smart Sensors and WSN
2.1 IoT and M2M Communications - Introduction
2.2 Intelligence-Definition
2.3 Structure and Components
2.3.1 Transducer Interface Module (TIM)
2.3.2 Network Capable Application Processor (NCAP)
2.4 Trends
2.5 WSN: Requirements
2.6 Networking
2.7 From WSN to USN

3.0 Market Specifics - WSS/WSN
3.1 Assumptions
3.2 Results
3.2.1 WSS Statistics
3.2.2 WSN Statistics

4.0 IP for Smart Objects
4.1 IETF and IP/WSN
4.1.1 Roots
4.1.2 Efforts Major Issues and Solutions
4.1.3 Major Projects Motivation:
4.1.4 6LoWPAN WG Definition Limitations M2M and 6LoWPAN Applications Specifics Details Adaptation Upper Layers Connectivity Industry Support NanoStack
4.1.5 ROLL WG
4.2 IPSO Alliance
4.3 Illustration: ISA 100.11a - WSN-IP at Work
4.3.1 ISA100
4.3.2 Approvals
4.3.3 Scope
4.3.4 Infrastructure
4.3.5 Market Estimate
4.4 Vendors
Linear Technology
Sensinode (acquired by ARM in 2013)

5.0 M2M Communications
5.1 Special Needs
5.1.1 Spectrum
5.1.2 Summary
5.2 Standardization - Industry Activities
5.2.1 IEEE
5.2.2 ETSI
5.2.3 ITU
5.2.4 oneM2M Alliance Service Layer Architecture Benefits
5.2.5 Telefonica multi-Operators Alliance
5.2.6 M2M Alliance
5.2.7 Open Mobile Alliance (OMA)
5.2.8 GSC MSTF
5.2.9 Wave2M Aim Platform
5.2.10 Summary
5.3 Market
5.3.1 Data
5.3.2 Estimate
5.4 Industry-Innovations
Kore Telematics
Link Labs
M2M Spectrum Networks

6.0 IoT
6.1 M2M and IoT
6.2 Open Interconnect Consortium
6.3 Industrial Internet Consortium
6.4 IoT - Market
6.5 IoT Platforms
6.6 IoT and ITU
6.7 IoT Forum
6.8 IEEE and IoT - P2413
6.10 Layered Structure

7.0 IoT and Visible Light Communications (VLC)
7.1 VLC - Bridge to IoT
7.2 LED Specifics
7.2.1 General
7.2.2 Spectrum
7.3 Types
7.4 LED Modulation
7.4.1 Limitations
7.5 LED Evolution
7.5.1 General - Dual Functionality
7.5.2 Developments - History
7.5.3 Technical/Economic Characteristics
7.6 Visible Light Communications
7.6.1 General
7.6.2 Drivers
7.6.3 Industry Activity Example: UC-Light Center
7.6.4 VLC Standards Development
7.6.5 The IEEE 802.15.7 Standard Considerations Project Coexistence Scope Base Use Cases Physical Layer General Responsibilities Types Error Protection Rates Frequency Plan PHY Services Regulations MAC Layer Responsibilities Functionalities Channel Access Security
7.6.6 JEITA (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association) JEITA CP-1221 JEITA CP-1222 JEITA CP-1223 (2013)
7.6.7 Visible Light Communications Consortium (VLCC) General Experimental Systems- VLCC Projects
7.6.8 ECMA 397-2010
7.6.9 Li-Fi Consortium
7.6.10 VLC Channel-Details General Communications Channel Transmitter Receiver Image Sensors LED as Receiver
7.6.11 Major Characteristics General Modulation VLC Channel: Characteristics Summary Emerging Areas Limitations
7.6.12 Applications: Summary
7.6.13 Companies and Organizations
- ByteLight
- Casio
- Luciom
- Nakagawa Laboratories
- Oledcomm
- Omega Project
- Outstanding Technology
- PureLi-Fi
- Renesas
- Siemens
- Supreme Architecture
- Tamura
7.6.14 Major Applications ITS Optical Wireless LAN Medical Localization City Wide Wireless Network Summary
7.6.15 Market

8.0 Conclusions

List of Tables and Figures:

Figure 1: Layered View
Figure 2: WSS Structure
Figure 3: TIM/NCAP and IEEE 1451
Figure 4: IoT Illustration
Figure 5: TAM - WSS Sales - Global ($B)
Figure 6: TAM: WSS Sales - Global (Mil. Units)
Figure 7: TAM: WSN Equipment Sales - Global ($B)
Figure 8: Standardization
Figure 9: 6LoWPAN Protocol Stack
Figure 10: Header Stacks
Figure 11: 6LoWPAN Network Scenario
Figure 12: ISA 100.11a Protocol Stack
Figure 13: TAM - ISA100.11a-based IA WSN ($M)
Figure 14: ETSI Activity
Figure 15: High-level Architecture
Figure 16: M2M Layers
Figure 17: Summary
Figure 18: M2M Applications
Figure 19: Projections: M2M Traffic Growth (PB/Month)
Figure 20: TAM: M2M Communications Revenue ($B)
Figure 21: TAM: Mobile Operators Revenue in M2M ($B)
Figure 22: TAM: M2M Communications - Satellite Segment ($B)
Figure 23: Projections: IoT Technologies and Applications Market ($T)
Figure 24: Projections - Number of Smart Devices in Households - Global (Bil. Units)
Figure 25: IoT - Layered Structure
Figure 26: LED Structure
Figure 27: Spectrum (450-750 nm - visible)
Figure 28: LED Properties Illustration
Figure 29: TAM: U.S. LED Sales ($B)
Figure 30: TAM: U.S. LED Sales (Bil. Units)
Figure 31: Cost and Brightness- Light Sources
Figure 32: WPAN/WLAN Family and VLC
Figure 33: Illustration-VLC Channel
Figure 34: Applications
Figure 35: TAM: VLC Technology ($B)

Table 1: WSN - Major Short Range RF Technologies Characteristics
Table 2: Applications Segments (2014)
Table 3: Key M2M Elements
Table 4: Use Cases
Table 5: Wavelengths (nm)
Table 6: Laser vs. LED
Table 7: Use Cases
Table 8: Devices and Characteristics
Table 9: Frequency Plan
Table 10: VLC Properties
Table 11: VLC, IR and RF Communications ITS Applications Comparison
Table 12: Locations Technologies-VLC Place
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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