Modern Standardization. Case Studies at the Crossroads of Technology, Economics, and Politics

  • ID: 3024933
  • Book
  • 288 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Modern Standardization covers up–to–date issues related to ethics, policies, and business strategies in standards developments using a collection of IEEE Standards–specific case studies
Modern Standardization –– Case Studies at the Crossroads of Technology, Economics, and Politics covers the development of new technical standards, how these standards are typically triggered, and how they are submitted to standards development organizations (SDOs) for review and evaluation. It fills the gap in the shortage of reference material in the development of real–world standards. The increasing pace of innovation in technology has accelerated the competitive nature of standardization, particularly in emerging markets. Modern Standardization addresses these and other issues through a series of case studies in a format designed for academics and their engineering, business, and law school students.

The book enhances engineering students′ education by

  • Providing students with an understanding of the interplay of the three fundamental dynamics of standards –– technology, economics, and politics
  • Encouraging students to think critically about standards development and technology solutions
  • Reinforcing the usage of standards as an impetus for innovation
Using this resource tool, academics and students will learn how standards experts and SDO working group leaders and members establish the policies, procedures, and guidelines that help ensure the integrity of the standards development process.

In addition to several highly focused case studies, the book features an extensive chapter on standard essential patents –– the sharing of intellectual property (IP) that contain underlying technologies that are essential to producing a final, publishable standard. With companies trying to get as much of their IP into a standard as possible, this is one of the most critical and contentious issues in developing technical standards today. The final section of the book, "International SDOs Defined" identifies more than 20 major global SDOs, details their history, areas of interest in standards development, and their relationship with other SDOs.


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Introduction 1

About This Book, 2

The Push for Open Standards, 3

Enter Openstand, 4

The Internet and Its Impact on Standards, 5

Where Does All This Leave SDOs?, 7

Rolling Out IPv6, 7

Standards and Trade, 8

Consortia Chaos and Compromise, 10

Case Study Topics in This Book, 11

1. Smart Grid Takes on Critical Standards Challenges 14

A System–of–Systems, 16

Jump Starting the Smart Grid, 17

The Standards Priority, 19

Strictly Business, 22

United States Has a Running Start, 23

Smart Meter Concerns, 24

IEEE and the Smart Grid, 26

Catalog of Standards, 28

Timing is Everything, 29

Europe s Interconnected Grid, 30

China Goes Smart, 31

The Smart Grid in Cities, 34

Wireless Everywhere, 35

Advantage, Consumer, 38

Leveraging Home Networks, 41

Conformity Assessment, 43

Cybersecurity Becomes a Major Issue, 46

Solar Flare Threats, 49

More to Come, 52

2. Bluetooth and ZigBee Fast–Paced Standards Development Boosts Growth 56

Jump Starting the Technology, 57

Interoperability the (Almost) Killer Issue, 58

Why "Bluetooth?", 62

Bluetooth Standards Development: A Timeline, 65

Bluetooth Today, 69

The ZigBee Story, 70

The Bluetooth and Wi–Fi Gap, 72

Fits and Starts, 73

ZigBee Products, 74

Changing of the Guard, 75

Recent ZigBee Smart Grid Developments, 76

3. Developing a Standard for Electrical Trace Heating 79

Why a New Standard was Needed, 80

Establishing a New Standard, 82

Putting Aside Differences, 83

Forming a Working Group, 83

Confidence Surges, 85

Manufacturers Experience Growth, 86

Going Global, 87

History and Timeline of IEEE 515, 88

What s Next? A Jointly Developed International Standard:

IEC/IEEE 60079–30, 89

4. TV "White Space" Standards Open New Markets 92

Making It Happen, 93

Protecting the System, 94

Setting a Standard, 95

Super Wi–Fi?, 97

Plugging Dynamic Spectrum Access, 99

DSA and the Military, 100

Finding Common Ground, 101

Economics of TV White Spaces, 103

About Those Broadcasters, 104

Wireless MICS Become an Issue, 105

Never Mind, 107

The Global Impact, 108

Future Challenges, 110

Japan Adopts White Space, 113

Another Major Market, 114

What s Next?, 115

Spectrum Sensing, 118

5. New and Emerging Standards Help Promote Medical Device Development 121

Multiple Solutions, 122

Too Many Radios?, 124

A Work in Progress, 125

Going to Market, 127

Plenty of Standards, More Coming, 128

FDA Recognizes IEEE Standards, 129

A Device, Not a Device, 132

FDA Defines Its "Standards", 133

NFC Standards and Devices, 135

Medical Device Design Challenges, 136

More Market Research, 137

Major Markets, Players, 139

M2M in Telecare, 140

Internet of (Medical) Things, 142

The IP Wars, 143

Privacy Issues, 144

6. Wireless Chargers Become A Standards Battle Zone 145

Going Global, 147

Charged Up, 147

How It Works, 150

The Resonance Approach, 152

PMA and A4WP Unite, 153

For PMA: An Open Spec, 155

The Test Market: Starbucks and McDonald s, 157

Getting the Word Out, 159

Intel Inside, 160

Military Needs Wireless Charging, 163

Apple Gets a Bite, 164

Innovative, Alternative Approaches to Wireless Power, 166

7. Vehicle "Black Box" Gets Its Own Standard 171

Some Background , 172

Jump Starting EDRs, 173

Cost Becomes an Issue, 174

More Studies, More Data, 175

A Major Standard Revision, 177

Privacy a Driving Issue, 178

Updating Driver Privacy, 181

Hacking Your Car Code, 182

Europe Test Drives EDRs, 183

More GM Recalls, 185

More Technology, 186

8. EDA Sets the Standard for Complexity 188

Where do EDA Standards Come From?, 189

Semiconductors and EDA, 191

Works in Progress, 193

It s a Business, 194

Key Standards, 196

EDA Consolidations Consortia and Companies, 197

EDA and the Internet, 200

Back to School, 201

9. Internet of Things/M2M A (Standards) Work in Progress 203

From RFID to IoT, 205

Defining Things, 207

IoT and the ITU, 209

Accelerating Standards Development of IoT, 214

M2M Consortia Not Far Behind, 217

Multi–Mode Wireless Sensors, 219

Big Numbers, Big Dreams, 221

Operators See Opportunity in M2M, 223

In the Chips, 227

Connected Car Standards, 229

Regulatory Issues, 231

Hack My Fridge?, 232

Politics, But Not As Usual, 233

Epilogue 235

International Standards Development Organizations Defined 253

Index 267

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Ron Schneiderman has been covering technology and business management issues for more than 40 years. He is a contributing editor to Electronic Design Magazine; Vision, the flagship magazine of the Consumer Electronics Association; IEEE Spectrum, IEEE Spectrum Online and IEEE Signal Processing Magazine. Schneiderman is the author of seven books, including Technology Lost –– Hype and Reality in the Digital Age (Prentice Hall), FUTURE TALK –– The Changing Wireless Game (IEEE Press), and The Mobile Technology Question & Answer Book –– A Survival Guide for Business Managers, published by AMACOM, the book publishing arm of the American Management Association.

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