Energy Conservation in the Process Industries

  • ID: 3060330
  • Book
  • 329 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Energy Conservation in the Process Industries provides insight into ways of identifying more important energy efficiency improvements. This book demonstrates how the principles can be employed to practical advantage.

Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the energy situation and a background in thermodynamics. This text then describes a staged method to improved energy use to understand where the energy goes and how to calculate the value of losses. Other chapters consider improving facilities based on an understanding of the overall site energy system. This book discusses as well the fundamental process and equipment improvements. The final chapter deals with systematic and sophisticated design methods as well as provides some guidelines and checklists for energy conservation items.

This book is a valuable resource for mechanical, lead process, and plant engineers involved in energy conservation. Process designers, plant managers, process researchers, and accountants will also find this book extremely useful.

Please Note: This is an On Demand product, delivery may take up to 11 working days after payment has been received.

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Preface

List of Common Symbols


1. Energy Outlook


Introduction


I. Scope of the Problem


II. Thermodynamic Efficiencies


III. The Fundamental Strategy


Notes


2. The Second Law of Thermodynamics Revisited


Differences between Laws


I. Definitions


II. Available Energy and Fuel


Summary


Notes


3. Thermodynamics and Economics, Part I


Introduction


I. General Considerations


II. A Systematic Approach to Steam Pricing


III. Pricing Other Utilities


Summary


Notes


4. Characterizing Energy Use


Introduction


I. Understanding Energy Use


II. Missing Data


III. An Illustrative Onsite Audit


IV. An Illustrative Steam Power Balance


Summary


Notes


5. Optimum Performance of Existing Facilities


Introduction


I. Principle 1-Minimize Waste


II. Combustion Principles


III. Illustrative Problems-Combustion Efficiency


IV. Steam Trap Principles


V. Principle 2-Manage Energy Use Effectively


Summary


Notes


6. Facilities Improvement-An Overall Site Approach


Introduction


I. Utilizing the Energy Audit


II. Overall Site Interactions


III. Total Site Cogeneration Potential


Problem: Maximum Potential Fuel Utilization


IV. The Linear Programming Approach


Summary


Notes


7. Methodology of Thermodynamic Analysis: General Considerations


Introduction


Sign Conventions


I. Detailed Procedures


II. Illustrative Examples


Summary


Notes


8. Detailed Thermodynamic Analysis of Common Unit Operations


Introduction


I. Heat Exchange


II. Expansion-Pressure Letdown ??


III. Mixing


IV. Distillation-A Combination of Simple Processes


V. Combustion Air Preheating


Summary


Notes


9. Use of Thermodynamic Analysis to Improve Energy Efficiency


Introduction


I. Overall Strategy


II. Reducing Available Energy (Work) Losses


III. Accepting "Inevitable" Inefficiencies


IV. Optimization through Lost Work Analysis


V. Research Guidance


Summary


Problem: Phthalic Anhydride Process Improvement


Notes


10. Thermodynamics and Economics, Part II: Capital-Cost Relationships


Background Information


I. The Entire Plant Energy System is Pertinent


II. Investment Optimization


III. Defining the Limits of Current Technology


IV. Fundamental Process Improvements


Summary


Notes


11. Systematic Design Methods


Introduction


I. Process Synthesis


II. Applications to Cogeneration Systems


III. Thermoeconomics


IV. Systematic Optimization


Thermoeconomics Summary


Notes


12. Guidelines and Recommendations for Improving Process Operations


Introduction


I. Chemical Reactions


II. Separations


III. Heat Transfer


IV. Process Machinery


V. System Interactions and Economics


VI. A Checklist of Energy Conservation Items


VII. Shortcomings of Guidelines


Notes


Index
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Kenney, W. F.
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