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Progress in Small Cells Networking

  • ID: 3063680
  • Report
  • January 2015
  • Region: Global
  • 161 Pages
  • PracTel Inc
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Markets, Technologies and Applications.
Research Methodology:

Considerable research was performed using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was also conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.

Target Audience:

This report provides the SCs and their backhaul solutions technologies and market analysis. It can be useful for service providers, vendors, network operators and managers, Enterprise IT staff, investors and end users seeking to gain a deeper understanding of the SC developmental trends in the mobile industry.

The end users will gain a more thorough understanding of products technologies and capabilities as well as their economics.

Brief:

This report addresses recent advances in small cells (SCs) and their backhaul solutions. It reflects a trend in the mobile industry to reduce macro base stations deployments and increase a number of small cells. The report presents independent, unbiased analysis in detail and in easily understandable terms. Through vendors’ interviews and the analysis of other multiple data sources, the report provides latest, accurate marketing and technological information.

In particular, the report provides the analysis of small cells technologies, concentrating on their advantages, issues, varieties and specifics. Major applications are analyzed and the standardization activity is emphasized. Based on the in-depth industry analysis, which included the analysis of multiple studies and interviews with vendors, market prognoses (2015-2019) are presented. The survey of more than thirty vendors and their portfolios are also provided.

The report stresses that the SC backhaul solution may prove or brake the small cell business case. Specifics of small cells backhauls, their varieties and differences from macro cells backhauls are analyzed in details. The need for standardization is emphasized. The study of industry trends, interviews with vendors and the analysis of publically available statistical data helped to perform the marketing analysis. The survey of vendors (about 30 manufacturers of small cells backhaul equipment) reflects this industry specifics. There is a range of use cases for open access small cells, from targeted demand hotspots in city centers, through generalized capacity uplift, to serving not-spots in remote rural areas. In each case the emphasis on backhaul requirements shifts, and aspects that are critical to one type of deployment can be relaxed in others. Solutions with different characteristics will address the needs of different types of small cells backhauls in different areas.

Attachments contain the in-depth analysis of two evolving small cell backhaul solutions:
1. Based on 60 GHz technologies. Both Ethernet radio and 802.11ad solutions are addressed. Marketing and technical specifics are described in details. The survey of vendors is also provided.

2. Based on 802.11ac technology. This technology allows gigabits throughput, range and other characteristics that satisfy small cell backhaul requirements. Authors analyzed specifics of 802.11ac technology as they relate to small cell backhaul application; they also analyzed the market and vendors’ portfolios.

The report intends for a wide audience of telecommunications specialists who deal with complicated choices in mobile networking to support business cases.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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1.0 Introduction

1.1 General

1.2 Trend – Small Cells Developments

1.3 SC Backhaul

1.4 Scope

1.5 Report Structure

1.6 Research Methodology

1.7 Target Audience

2.0 4G Era

2.1 Growth

2.2 Transition

2.3 Typical Features

2.3.1 Architectures

3.0 Small Cells: Technologies, Markets and Industry

3.1 SC Proliferation

3.2 Nomenclature

3.2.1 Group

3.3 History

3.4 Applications

3.4.1 Indoor Use Cases

3.4.2 Outdoor Use Cases

3.4.3 Public Safety Communications

3.4.4 Summary

3.5 Benefits and Issues

3.6 Small Cell Market

3.6.1 Market Geography

3.6.2 Estimate

3.7 Standardization

3.7.1 3GPP Rel.12 and SCs

3.8 Small Cell Industry

Alcatel-Lucent

AirHop Communications

Airvana

Athena

Broadcom

BTI Wireless

Cavium

Cisco

Contela

Ericsson

Fujitsu

Huawei

ip.access

Intel

Gilat

Juni

Maxim

mimoON

Minieum

Mindspeed

NEC

Nokia Siemens Networks

PureWave

Qualcomm

Qualcomm – Alcatel-Lucent

Quortus

Radisys

Ruckus Wireless

Samsung

Spider Cloud

Tektelic

Ubee-AirWalk

TI

Xilinx

ZTE

4.0 Small Cell Backhaul

4.1 General

4.1.1 Major Classifications

4.2 Specifics

4.2.1 Change

4.2.2 Differences

4.3 Requirements

4.3.1 Factors

4.3.2 Planning

4.4 Details

4.5 Need for Standardization - IEEE Contributions

4.6 Market Characteristics

4.6.1 Components

4.6.2 TCO Factor

4.7 Small Cell Backhaul Industry

Actelis (wireline)

Airspan (integrated wireless backhaul – 802.11ac - NLOS)

Alcatel-Lucent (60 GHz and other)

Aviat (E band)

Bluwan

BLiNQ (sub – 6 GHz)

Cambridge Broadband (Microwave Backhaul)

Cambium

CCS

Ceragon (E-band and other)

DragonWave (microwave)

Exalt

Fastback Networks

Intracom

Genesis (wireline)

LightPointe (60 GHz and Other)

MAX4G

Mimosa (802.11ac MIMO)

NEC (60 GHz)

Polewall (FSO)

Peraso (802.11ad; 60 GHz radio)

Radwin (sub-6 GHz)

Ruckus (802.11n)

Siklu (60 GHz)

Sub10 Systems (60 GHz; E-band)

Tarana (LoS, NLoS 3 GHz)

Taqua (Microwave NLOS)

Tellabs

TI (NLoS)

4.7.1 Summary

5.0 Conclusions

Attachment A: 60 GHz Radio – SC Backhaul

A.1 60 GHz Radio – Point-to-Point Outdoor

A.1.1 Spectrum Specifics

A.1.2 Oxygen Absorption

A.1.3 Antenna Focus

A.1.4 Combined Effects

A.1.5 Availability

A.1.6 Progress in Chip Technology for mmWave

A.1.6.1 Modulation and Duplexing

A.1.6.2 Antenna

A.1.6.2.1 Indoor Behavior

A.1.6.2.2 Outdoor Behavior – FCC Modifications

A.1.7 Summary

A.1.8 60 GHz Radio Developments and Market

A.1.8.1 Synopsis

A.1.8.2 Market Estimate

A.1.8.2.1 General

A.1.8.2.2 Drivers

A.1.8.2.3 Forecast

A.1.9 60 GHz Radio – SC Backhaul Choice

A.1.10 Industry

Athena

BridgeWave

Ceragon

ComoTech

DragonWave

E-Band

HXI (Subsidiary of Renaissance Electronics Corporation)

Infineon

Lightpointe

NEC

Plasma Antennas

Proxim

Silicon Image

Siklu

Solectek

Sub10 Systems

A.2 60 GHz Wi-Fi – 802.11ad

A.2.1 Advanced Wi-Fi: Benefits and Issues

A.2.2 WiGig Alliance

A.2.2.1 Union

A.2.3 IEEE 802.11ad – 60 GHz Wi-Fi

A.2.3.1 Status

A.2.3.2 Coexistence

A.2.3.3 Scope

A.2.3.3.1 Channelization

A.2.3.3.2 PHY

A.2.3.3.3 MAC

A.2.3.3.4 Specifics

A.2.3.3.5 Summary

A.2.3.4 Industry

Beam Networks

InterDigital-BlueWireless

Nitero

Peraso

Tensorcom

Wilocity (acquired by Qualcomm in 2014)

A.2.3.5 Potential Market

A.2.3.5.1 Market Drivers

A.2.3.5.2 Usage Models

A.2.3.5.3 Estimate

Attachment B: Wi-Fi Advances - 802.11ac

B.1 Approval

B.2 General – Improving 802.11n Characteristics

B.3 Major Features

B.4 Major Benefits

B.5 Usage Models

B.6 Projections

B.7 Industry

Airspan Networks

Mimosa

Figure 1: Projection: Mobile Data Traffic Growth – Globally (Petabytes/Month)

Figure 2: Macro vs Small BS – Shipped (Ratio)

Figure 3: BS Classification

Figure 4: Base Stations Characteristics

Figure 5: Use Cases

Figure 6: Estimate: Global SC Shipments (Mil. Units)

Figure 7: Estimate: Global SC Shipments ($B)

Figure 8: Rel. 12 Enhancements

Figure 9: Scenario 1

Figure 10: Scenario 2

Figure 11: SC Backhaul Illustration

Figure 12: Summary: CS Backhaul Types

Figure 13: Summary: SC Backhaul

Figure 14: Comparison

Figure 15: Non-ideal (a) and Ideal (b) SC Backhaul Characteristics

Figure 16: Technological Changes

Figure 17: Estimate: Global SC Backhaul Market ($B)

Figure 18: PMP (a) and PTP (b) Architectures

Figure 19: 60 GHz Radio Use Cases

Figure 20: Attenuation in 60 GHz Band

Figure 21: Absorption Details

Figure 22: Directivity

Figure 23: Bands Features Comparison

Figure 24: 60 GHz Links Characteristics

Figure 25: 60 GHz Link Characteristics

Figure 26: Estimate: Sales - 60 GHz Radio PtP– SC Backhaul ($B)

Figure 27: 60 GHz SC Backhaul

Figure 28: 802.11ad Major Features

Figure 29: 802.11ad PHY Characteristics

Figure 30: 802.11ad MAC

Figure 31: Summary

Figure 32: 60 GHz Wi-Fi Usage Models

Figure 33: PM: Tri-band Wi-Fi Chipsets Sales – Global (Bil. Units)

Figure 34: PM: Global Sales Tri-band Wi-Fi Chipsets ($B)

Figure 35: Functionalities

Figure 36: Channel Assignment: 802.11ac

Figure 37: Rates: 802.11ac

Figure 38: Channel Size/Rate

Figure 39: Usage Models

Figure 40: 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping (Mil. Units)

Figure 41: TAM: Global Gigabit Wi-Fi ($B)
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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