Inland fisheries are vital for the livelihoods and food resources of humans worldwide but their importance is underestimated, probably because large numbers of small, local operators are involved.
Freshwater Fisheries Ecology defines what we have globally, what we are going to lose and mitigate for, and what, given the right tools, we can save. To estimate potential production, the dynamics of freshwater ecosystems (rivers, lakes and estuaries) need to be understood. These dynamics are diverse as are the earth’s freshwater fisheries resources (from boreal to tropical regions), and these influence how fisheries are both utilized and abused. Three main types of fisheries are described within the book: artisanal, commercial and recreational, and the tools which have evolved for fisheries governance and management, including assessment methods, are described.
The book also covers in detail fisheries development, providing information on improving fisheries through environmental and habitat evaluation, enhancement and rehabilitation, aquaculture, genetically modified fishes and sustainability. The book thoroughly reviews the negative impacts on fisheries including excessive harvesting, climate change, toxicology, impoundments, barriers and abstractions, non–native species and eutrophication. Finally, key areas of future research are outlined.
Freshwater Fisheries Ecology is truly a landmark publication, containing contributions from over 100 leading experts and supported by the Fisheries Society of the British Isles. The global approach makes this book essential reading for fish biologists, fisheries scientists and ecologists and upper level students in these disciplines. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological and fisheries sciences are studied and taught should have multiple copies of this hugely valuable resource.
List of contributors
Section 1. Freshwater Fisheries Ecology
1.1. IntroductionJ. F Craig
Section 2. Freshwater ecosystems
2.1. IntroductionJ. F. Craig2.2. The dynamics of rivers in relation to fishes and fisheriesG. Petts, M.–P. Gosselin and J. Gray2.3. The dynamics of lakes in relation to fishes and fisheriesB. Moss2.4. The physico–chemical characteristics, biota and fisheries of estuariesI.C. Potter, R.M. Warwick, N.G. Hall and J.R. Tweedley
Section 3. Freshwater resources
3.1. IntroductionJ. F. Craig3.2. Northern North AmericaW. Tonn, H. Swanson, C. Paszkowski, J. Hanisch and L. Chavarie3.3. Fennoscandian freshwater fishes: diversity, use, threats and managementB. Jonsson and N. Jonsson3.4. Fishery and freshwater ecosystems of Russia: status, trends, research, management and prioritiesY. Yu. Dgebuadze3.5. Fishery of the Laurentian Great LakesT. E. Lauer3.6. Canadian freshwater fishes, fisheries and their management, south of 60°NJ. R. Post, N. Mandrak and M. Burridge3.7. Freshwater fisheries of the United StatesT. E. Lauer and M. Pyron3.8. Fisheries in the densely populated landscapes of western EuropeI. J Winfield and D. Gerdeaux3.9. Freshwater resources and fisheries in SlovakiaA. Novomeská and V. Kováè3.10. Freshwater resources and fisheries in HungaryA. Specziár and T. Erõs3.11. Freshwater resources and fisheries in the Czech RepublicP. Horký3.12. Problems and challenges of fish stock management in fresh waters of PolandZ. Kaczkowski and J. Grabowska3.13. Nature and status of freshwater fisheries in BelarusV. Semenchenko, V. Rizevski and I. Ermolaeva3.14. Current state of freshwater fisheries in ChinaY. Zhao, R. E. Gozlan and C. Zhang3.15. Japanese inland fisheries and aquaculture: status and trendsO. Katano, H. Hakoyama and S.–i. S. Matsuzaki3.16. Fisheries in subtropical and temperate regions of AfricaO. L.F. Weyl and P. D. Cowley3.17. Freshwater fisheries resources in subtropical AmericaR. Miranda3.18. Iberian inland fisheriesC. Antunes, F. Cobo and M. J. Araújo3.19. Nature and status of freshwater and estuarine fisheries in Italy and western BalkansP. G. O. Bianco and V. Ketmaier3.20. Fisheries ecology of GreeceI. D. Leonardos3.21. The ecology of inland fisheries of TurkeyS. V. Yerli3.22. Fishery ecology in South American river basinsM. Barletta, V. E. Cussac, A. A. Agostinho, C. Baigún, E. K. Okada, A. Cattella, N. F. Fontoura, P. S. Pompeu, L. F. Jimenez–Segura, V. S. Batista, C. A. Lasso, D. Taphorn and N. N. Fabré3.23. Inland fisheries of tropical AfricaB. E. Marshall3.24. Fisheries of the rivers of south–east AsiaR. L. Welcomme, I. G. Baird, D. Dudgeon, A. Halls, D. Lamberts and Md G. Mustafa3.25. Asian upland fishes and fisheriesA. I. Payne3.26. Fishes and fisheries of Asian inland lacustrine watersU. S. Amarasinghe and S. S. De Silva3.27. Freshwater fisheries of AustralasiaD. J. Jellyman, P. C. Gehrke and J. H. Harris
Section 4. Fishing operations
4.1. IntroductionJ.F. Craig4.2. Aboriginal freshwater fisheries as resilient social–ecological systemsM. E. Lam4.3. Commercial inland capture fisheriesD. M. Bartley, G. de Graaf and J. Valbo–Jørgensen4.4. Recreational fisheries in inland watersS. J. Cooke, R. Arlinghaus, B. M. Johnson and I. G. Cowx
Section 5. Fisheries management
5.1. Fisheries governance and managementR. Welcomme5.2. Assessment and modelling in freshwater fisheriesT. J. Pitcher5.3. Social benefits from inland fisheries: implications for a people–centred response to management and governance challengesR. Arthur, R. Friend and C. Béné5.4. A human rights–based approach to securing livelihoods depending on inland fisheriesN. Franz, C. Fuentevilla, L. Westlund and R. Willmann5.5. The optimal fishing patternJ. Kolding, R. Law, M. Plank, P. A. M. van Zwieten
Section 6. Fisheries development
6.1. IntroductionJ. F. Craig6.2. Environmental assessment for fisheriesN. Milner6.3. Management of freshwater fisheries: addressing habitat, people and fishesR. Arlinghaus, K. Lorenzen, B. M. Johnson, S. J. Cooke and I. G. Cowx6.4. AquacultureM. C. M. Beveridge and R. E. Brummett6.5. Ecological implications of genetically modified (GM) fishes in freshwater fisheries, with a focus on salmonidsL. F. Sundström and R. H. Devlin6.6. Sustainable freshwater fisheries: the search for workable solutionsR. E. Gozlan and J. R. Britton
Section 7. The effects of perturbations on fisheries
7.1. IntroductionJ. F. Craig7.2. Harvest–induced phenotypic change in inland fisheriesL. J. Chapman and D. M.T. Sharpe7.3. Climate change and freshwater fisheriesC. Harrod7.4. ToxicologyN. Bury7.5. Impoundments, barriers, and abstractions: impact on fishes and fisheries, mitigation, and future directionsP. S. Kemp7.6. Role and impact of non–native species on inland fisheries: the Janus syndromeR. E. Gozlan7.7. Eutrophication and freshwater fisheriesI. J. Winfield7.8. Aquaculture and the environmentM. C. M. Beveridge and R. E. Brummett
Section 8. Tools and future developments in freshwater fisheries
8.1. IntroductionJ. F. Craig8.2. A list of suggested research areas in freshwater fisheries ecologyJ. F. Craig8.3. Molecular ecology and stock identificationE. A. S. Adamson and D. A. Hurwood8.4. RecruitmentT.A. Johnston , N.P. Lester and B.J. Shuter
Fish species index
are sometimes prone to hyperbole when they claim that the content therein represents a ‘landmark publication’, worth every penny of the eighty quid they want you to part with to own a printed copy. But as a thwarted fisheries ecologist, I’d happily agree with whoever made that claim for this book, and not just because at 900 pages and 2.7kg it fits both possible definitions of the term landmark, being simultaneously ‘an object recognizable from a distance’ as well as ‘an event marking a stage or important turning point’.
Trying to provide a comprehensive account of inland fisheries worldwide is a daunting task, one that could not sensibly be tackled by a single author, or even a small group. You need a big international team, recruited and guided by someone with experience of fisheries in different climates and cultures, able to identify and bring together a diverse collection of authors, capable of encouraging them to write contributions to meet a common aim rather than to their own agenda, and someone with the ability to edit many contributions into a coherent whole. Persuading John Craig to take on the role was a masterstroke; the longserving editor of the Journal of Fish Biology has the perfect meld of research experience, editorial expertise and familiarity with the writing skills of the population of fisheries scientists. The result is a book drawing together the expertise of over 100 high–calibre contributors that works as a coherent whole, and as a resource likely to stand the test of time. Contributions of varying length are grouped together in eight sections, on topics such as the basics of freshwater ecosystems; freshwater resources of fisheries by geographical region; fishing operations; fishery management; fisheries development; the effects of perturbations; and a final section on future developments.
No volume of this type is ever going to be perfect and there are doubtless a few gaps and inconsistencies in the coverage. But the flaws are utterly trivial compared to the strengths, and if I were still an aspiring young fish biologist, or an academic freshwater biologist, a fisheries manager or consultant, I wouldn’t hesitate to buy my own copy. I know, I know, eighty pounds for a book makes the eyes water, but you can get a guided tour of the whole world of fisheries ecology for trivially more than the cost of renewing a UK passport. The book will last you at least as long and make much more interesting reading".
(BES Bulletin Vol 48:3 September 2017)