Thoroughly revised and updated, the fourth edition of Qualitative Research offers researchers, faculty, and students a step–by–step guide to understanding, designing, conducting, and presenting a qualitative research study. The book is filled with practical advice and proven guidance for building a strong foundation in qualitative research theory and application; designing and implementing effective qualitative research studies; communicating findings more successfully with clear presentation; and exploring data sources, data analysis tools, and the different types of research.
Written in jargon–free terms, Qualitative Research is designed to be accessible to both novice and experienced researchers. The authors also include an addendum with a template for a thesis, dissertation, or grant application.
Praise for the fourth edition of Qualitative Research
"Amidst a crowd of contenders, this book is my top recommendation for researching experience and meaning that informs professional practices."
Dan Pratt, senior scholar, Centre for Health Education Scholarship, University of British Columbia
"There is no other book that comes close to this one in explaining and expanding knowledge of qualitative research. Not only are the basics of the research process addressed, but also the intricacies and challenges of analyzing and reporting on the data. Researchers will be pleased to see in this edition guidance on how to present their data in ways that are artistic and creative. No doubt this book will change the way we think about and publish qualitative research."
Leona M. English, head of publications and research, UNESCO Institute of Lifelong Learning, Hamburg
The Authors xvii
PART ONE: THE DESIGN OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH 1
1 What Is Qualitative Research? 3
2 Six Common Qualitative Research Designs 22
3 Expanding the Qualitative Paradigm: Mixed Methods, Action, Critical, and Arts Based Research 43
4 Designing Your Study and Selecting a Sample 73
PART TWO: COLLECTING QUALITATIVE DATA 105
5 Conducting Effective Interviews 107
6 Being a Careful Observer 137
7 Mining Data from Documents and Artifacts 162
PART THREE: ANALYZING AND REPORTING QUALITATIVE DATA 191
8 Qualitative Data Analysis 195
9 Dealing with Validity, Reliability, and Ethics 237
10 Writing Up Qualitative Research 267
Appendix: The Methodology Section of a Qualitative Research Study 293Sharan B. Merriam
Name Index 323
Subject Index 331
SHARAN B. MERRIAM is professor emerita of adult education at the University of Georgia. She is the author, coauthor, or editor of more than fifteen books, including Adult Learning: Linking Theory and Practice and Qualitative Research in Practice, both from Jossey–Bass.
ELIZABETH J. TISDELL is professor of adult education and coordinator of the doctoral program in adult education at Penn State University Harrisburg.