HV/MV Switchgear Report 2015 - Ed 1

  • ID: 3245364
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 172 Pages
  • StatPlan Energy Ltd
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Switchgear is a term encompassing different types of equipment. It is a generic term which includes all the switching devices associated with power system protection and devices associated with control, metering and regulating of electrical power system. Switchgear is designed to clear any fault which may occur on any part of an electricity network in order to protect the network itself, connected equipment and operational personnel by segregating parts of the network with disconnectors. Switchgear products include circuit breakers, panel boards, protection relays, disconnectors, fuses, switches, lightening arresters, isolators and other apparatus.

The report covers information including:

Distribution of HV & MV Circuit Breaker Population by Voltage 2014:
- HV = 700 kV
- HV 500 = 700 kV
- HV 300 = 500 kV
- HV 200 = 300 kV
- HV 100 = 200 kV
- HV 72.5 = 100 kV
- MV 1 = 72.5 kV

Circuit Breaker Technology Trends:
- Circuit breakers have experienced three fundamental changes in technology, in the 1930s and from 1950-70. In each case a new technology established dominance in the HV or MV market over several decades. Long established markets have legacy populations of breakers with earlier technologies, while newly electrified countries leapfrog straight to new technology. The emergence of each technology is plotted over time, to establish the dominance of each technology.

Environmental Hazard of SF 6:
- SF6 has a GWP (global warming potential) 22,000 times more than CO2. Alternatives to SH6 technology for HV use are being explored and vacuum technology, so far restricted to the MV segment, except in Japan, is the front-runner.

Electrification:
- Rapid recent electrification has contributed to the very high growth rate in the fastest growing market the Middle East.

Production Capacity and Manufacturers:
- Production capacity is discussed to identify the threat of overproduction.
- Manufacturers are listed with global market shares.

PPI (Producer Price Index) Trend, Analysis of Factors Impacting Price:
- PPI trends are shown and the following factors analysed.
- Demand for switchgear, market and industry trends,
- Production capacity - surplus/shortage,
- Input prices of:
- Raw materials
- Energy
- Labour
- The economic and financial climate
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Executive Summary
The Global Market For Switchgear
Regional Demand
Europe
North America
CIS
Asia Pacific
China
Japan
Korea
India
ASEAN
Middle East
Africa
Latin America
Price Trends
Circuit Breakers
HV breakers
MV breakers
SF6 GHG emissions
Production Capacity

1.GLOBAL SWITCHGEAR MARKET
1.1. THE SWITCHGEAR MARKETS – POSITION AND SIZE
1.2.COMPOSITION OF THE MARKET
1.3.GLOBAL DEMAND - MARKET SIZES AT EX FACTORY COST AND INSTALLED COST
1.4.DEMAND FOR SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE - WORLD

2.EUROPE
2.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
2.2.THE EUROPEAN ECONOMY
2.2.1.European crisis of public debt
2.2.2.The common Eurozone currency
2.3. GERMANY
2.3.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
2.3.2.Renewables in Germany
2.3.3.ECONOMY
2.4.FRANCE
2.4.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
2.4.2.ECONOMY
2.5.ITALY
2.5.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
2.5.2.ECONOMY
2.6.SPAIN
2.6.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
2.6.2.ECONOMY
2.7.UNITED KINGDOM
2.7.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
2.7.2.ECONOMY

3.CIS
3.1 RUSSIA
3.1.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
3.1.2.ECONOMY

4.MIDDLE EAST
4.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
4.2.RAPID ELECTRIFICATON
4.3.ECONOMY

5.AFRICA
5.1.NORTH AFRICA
5.1.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
5.2.SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
5.2.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
5.2.3.THE AFRICAN ECONOMY

6.ASIA PACIFIC
6.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
6.2.ECONOMY
6.3.CHINA
6.3.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
6.3.2.ECONOMY
6.4.JAPAN
6.4.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
6.4.2.ECONOMY
6.5.KOREA
6.5.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
6.5.2.ECONOMY
6.6.INDIA
6.6.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
6.6.2.ECONOMY
6.7.ASEAN
6.7.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE

7.LATIN AMERICA
7.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
7.2.BRAZIL
7.2.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
7.2.2.ECONOMY
7.2.3.ENERGY RESOURCES - PETROLEUM AND HYDROPOWER
7.3.MEXICO
7.3.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
7.3.2.ECONOMY

8.NORTH AMERICA, UNITED STATES AND CANADA
8.1.UNITED STATES
8.1.1.SWITCHGEAR BY TYPE
8.1.2.ECONOMY

9.PRODUCTION OF SWITCHGEAR BY PRODUCT CATEGORY
9.1.INTERNATIONAL TRADE

10.DEFINITION OF SWITCHGEAR
10.1.Electricity networks
10.1.Industrial and Commercial Applications.
10.2.SWITCHGEAR COMPONENTS
10.2.1.Circuit Breakers
10.2.2.Protection relays
10.2.3.Load Break Switches
10.2.4.Isolators/Disconnect Switches
10.2.5.Lightning arresters
10.2.6.Fuses
10.2.7.Contactors
10.2.8.Distribution panel boards
10.2.9.Enclosures
10.2.10.Ancillary equipment

11.CIRCUIT BREAKER MARKET
11.1.HV SEGMENT
11.1.1.HV Circuit Breakers
11.1.2.USA
11.1.3.VACUUM CIRCUIT BREAKERS IN HV APPLICATIONS
11.1.4.VCBS in HV Applications - JAPAN
11.2.MV SEGMENT

12.CIRCUIT BREAKER TYPES
12.1.HV CIRCUIT BREAKERS
12.2.GCB - GENERATOR CIRCUIT BREAKERS
12.3.MV CIRCUIT BREAKERS
12.4.LOW VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKERS
12.5.INTERRUPTING MEDIUM:
12.6.INDOOR/OUTDOOR USE

13.CIRCUIT BREAKER TECHNOLOGY TRENDS
13.1.MV CIRCUIT BREAKERS
13.1.1.AIR CIRCUIT BREAKERS – up to 1920S/1930S
13.1.2.OIL CIRCUIT BREAKERS - from 1920s/30s to 1960s
13.1.2.1.Bulk oil type (BOCB)
13.1.2.2.Minimum oil type (MOCB)
13.1.3.AIR-BLAST CIRCUIT-BREAKERS
13.1.4.MV VCBs - VACUUM CIRCUIT BREAKERS – from 1960S
13.1.4.1.The development of vacuum technology
13.2.HV CIRCUIT BREAKERS
13.2.1.GIS - SF6 CIRCUIT BREAKERS - from 1970S
13.2.2.Double-pressure SF6 circuit-breakers
13.2.3.Self-blast SF6 circuit-breakers
13.2.4.Puffer-type SF6 circuit-breakers
13.3.VCBs – VACUUM CIRCUIT BREAKERS
13.3.1.The status of HV VCB technology
13.3.2.Japan
13.3.3.Recent HV VCB pilot projects outside Japan
13.3.3.1.China
13.3.3.2.Europe/Canada/Australia/USA
13.4.SF6 ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD
13.5.DEVELOPMENT OF VOLTAGE LEVELS
13.6.UHV

14.GENERATOR CIRCUIT BREAKERS

15.PRODUCTION CAPACITY AND MANUFACTURERS OF SWITCHGEAR
15.1.PRODUCTION CAPACITY
15.1.1.China
15.1.2.India
15.1.3.The rest of Asia Pacific
15.1.4.Indonesia
15.1.5.Vietnam
15.1.6.Europe
15.1.7.CIS
15.1.8.USA
15.1.9.Latin America
15.1.10.Brazil
15.2.MARKET SHARES

16. LONG TERM DEMAND CYCLE FOR SWITCHGEAR
16.1.DEMAND CYCLES AND THE MARKET

17. PRICE TRENDS AND FACTORS DRIVING PRICES
17.1.Price Trends
17.1.1.PPI _ Producer Price Index
17.1.2.USA
17.1.3.EU
17.1.4.China
17.1.5.Japan
17.1.6.Korea
17.2.DEMAND FOR SWITCHGEAR - MARKET AND INDUSTRY TRENDS
17.2.1.Utilities
17.2.2.Industry
17.2.3.Railways
17.3.PRODUCTION CAPACITY
17.4.MANUFACTURING INPUT COST COMPOSITION
17.4.1.Composition of manufacturing inputs
17.5.1.INPUT COSTS - RAW MATERIALS
17.5.1.1.Metal consumption
17.5.1.2.Copper and Aluminium
17.5.1.3.Copper
17.5.1.4.Aluminium
17.5.1.5.Steel
17.5.2.INPUT COSTS – LABOUR
17.5.3.INPUT COSTS – ENERGY
17.6.ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CLIMATE
17.6.1.Overview
17.6.2.Inflation and debt outlook

18.DEMAND FOR SWITCHGEAR – WORLD TABLES

19.METHODOLOGY
19.1.SHORT TERM DEMAND FORECAST
19.2.LONG TERM DEMAND FORECAST - DATABASES AND REPLACEMENT

List of Figures:
Figure 1: The switchgear market pyramid- demand in the three voltage segments; HV/MV, LV and ancillary equipment
Figure 2: Switchgear devices in each voltage category
Figure 3: Distribution voltages in the utility sector in the EU 27 countries.
Figure 4: World demand for HV/MV switchgear at ex factory cost, nominal $ billion, 2014 to2020
Figure 5: World demand for HV/MV switchgear, ex factory and installed cost, nominal $ billion, 2014 to2020
Figure 6: Demand for HV/MV switchgear by regions, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 7: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, nominal $ billion, World, 2014 to 2020
Figure 8: Demand for HV/MV switchgear in European countries, 2014, $ million
Figure 9: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Europe, 2014 to 2020
Figure 10: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, nominal $ million, Germany, 2014 to 2020
Figure 11: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, nominal $ million, France, 2014 to 2020
Figure 12: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, nominal $ million, Italy, 2014 to 2020
Figure 13: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, nominal $ million, Spain, 2014 to 2020
Figure 14: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, United Kingdom, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 15: Demand for HV/MV switchgear in CIS countries, 2014, $ million
Figure 16: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Russia, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 17: Demand for HV/MVswitchgear in Middle Eastern countires, 2014, $ million
Figure 18: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Middle East, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 19: % electrification in selected regions and countries, 1900 to 2015
Figure 20: Demand for HV/MV switchgear in North African countries, 2014, $ million
Figure 21: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, North Africa, 2014 to 2020
Figure 22: Demand for HV/MV switchgear in Sub-Saharan African countries, 2014, $ million
Figure 23: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Sub-Saharan Africa, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 24: Demand for HV/MV switchgear in Asia Pacific countries, 2014, $ million
Figure 25: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Asia Pacific, 2014 to 2020
Figure 26: Investment as a % of GDP, selected countries and economic groupings, 1980-2020
Figure 27: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, China, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 28: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Japan, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 29: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Korea, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 30: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, India, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 31: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, ASEAN, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 32: Demand for HV/MV switchgear in South American countries, 2014, $ million
Figure 33: Demand for HV/MV switchgear in Central American countries, 2014, $ million
Figure 34: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, LAC, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 35: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Brazil, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 36: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Mexico, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 37: Demand for HV/MV switchgear in North Amerian countries, 2014, $ million
Figure 38: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, United States, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Figure 39: Population of Circuit breakers in US transmission networks, % of total sample
Figure 40: Population of Circuit breakers in US transmission networks, numbers per 10,000 breakers
Figure 41: Global production of switchgear by voltage class and product group, 2014
Figure 42: Global exports and imports of HV/MV and LV switchgear, 2013
Figure 43: Where circuit breakers are used in electricity systems
Figure 44: Consumption shares of LV, MV and HV circuit breakers by value
Figure 45: Distribution of the MV and HV circuit breaker population by voltage within HV/MV sector by value
Figure 46: HV circuit breaker population by breaker type
Figure 47: indoor and outdoor HV SF6 circuit breakers
Figure 48: Enclosure type, metal enclosure and AIS dead tank and live tank for HV SF6 circuit breakers
Figure 49: USA, HV circuit breaker population in transmission utilities by breaker type
Figure 50: Production of = 72.5 kV VCBs and GCBs in Japan by year, 1993 to 2010
Figure 51: User segment for HV VCBs in Japan
Figure 52: Enclosure type for HV VCBs in Japan
Figure 53: Voltage distribution of HV VCBs in Japan
Figure 54: MV circuit breaker population by breaker type
Figure 55: Metal clad (GIS), dead tank (AIS) and live tank (AIS) configurations
Figure 56: Dead tank circuit-breaker
Figure 57: Live tank circuit-breaker
Figure 58: Development of MV switchgear technology, % of world output
Figure 59: ASEA sales of oil tank and minimum oil breakers in Europe 1939-1945
Figure 60: MV trends for vacuum and SF6 circuit breakers
Figure 61: Development of MV switchgear technology, % of world output
Figure 62: Usage of VCBs > 72.5 kV in Japan by end-user
Figure 63: Voltage levels of Japanese VCBs > 72.5 kV.
Figure 64: Enclosure type of Japanese VCBs > 72.5 kV
Figure 65: The numbers of HV VCBs produced in Japan from 1993 to 2010.
Figure 66: Development of ABB GIS circuit breakers
Figure 67: Worldwide EHV networks
Figure 68: General circuit diagram of a power station
Figure 69: Global market shares of top manufacturers of switchgear, 2014
Figure 70: The global demand cycle and installed transformation capacity in GVA, 1900 – 2050
Figure 71: Global demand for power and distribution transformers in GVA, 1900 to 2050
Figure 72: USA Producer Price Index for switchgear 2005 to 2015
Figure 73: Europe Producer Price Index for switchgear 2012 to 2015
Figure 74: China Producer Price Index for industrial goods 2005 to 2015
Figure 75: Japan Producer Price Index for industrial goods 2005 to 2015
Figure 76: Korea Producer Price Index for industrial goods 2012 to 2015
Figure 77: Average annual investment in T&D infrastructure
Figure 78: Market capitalisation of seleced European utilities
Figure 79: RWE Profit and loss
Figure 80: Cost of manufacture of switchgear
Figure 81: World metal consumption (Total of aluminium, copper, lead, nickel, tin and zinc)
Figure 82: Prices of copper and aluminium 1960-2014
Figure 83: Copper prices 2007-2013
Figure 84: Aluminium prices
Figure 85: Iron ore prices 2007-2013
Figure 86: Labour compensation cost, including direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labour-related taxes (US = 100).
Figure 87: Labour costs including wages and salaries, social insurance and labour-related taxes
Figure 88: Minimum wages in China in yuan per month 1995 to 2012
Figure 89: Wage inflation in China versus the US, India and Mexico, 2005 to2012
Figure 90: Global energy cost index (2010 = 100)
Figure 91: Total growth of GDPs between 2008 and Q3 2014, the period encompassing the financial crisis, recession and recovery
Figure 92: Inflation 2005 to 2015
Figure 93: Diagram of new plus total replacement transformation capacity in GVA

List of Tables:
Table 1: Installed cost and ex factory cost of HV/MV switchgear by region, 2014
Table 2: Demand for HV/MV switchgear by regions, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 3: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, nominal $ billion, World, 2014 to 2020
Table 4: Europe, demand for HV/MV switchgear by country, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 5: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Europe, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 6: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, nominal $ million, Germany, 2014 to 2020
Table 7: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, nominal $ million, France, 2014 to 2020
Table 8: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, nominal $ million, Italy, 2014 to 2020
Table 9: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Spain, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 10: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, UK, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 11: CIS, demand for HV/MV switchgear by country, 2014 to 2020, nominal $million
Table 12: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Russia, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 13: Middle East, demand for HV/MV switchgear by country, 2014 to 2020, nominal $million
Table 14: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, nominal $ million, Middle East, 2014 to 2020
Table 15: North Africa, demand for HV/MV switchgear by country, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 16: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, North Africa, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 17: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Sub-Saharan Africa, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 18: Asia Pacific, demand for HV/MV switchgear by country, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 19: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Asia Pacific, nominal $ million, 2014-2020
Table 20: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, China, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 21: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Japan, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 22: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Korea, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 23: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, India, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 24: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, ASEAN, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 25: South & Central America, demand for HV/MV switchgear by country, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 26: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, LAC, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 27: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Brazil, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 28: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, Mexico, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 29: North America, demand for HV/MV switchgear by country, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 30: Demand for switchgear by type at ex factory cost, USA, nominal $ million, 2014 to 2020
Table 31: USA Transmission Utilities Survey
Table 32: Global production of HV/MV switchgear by product group, 2014
Table 33: Exports and imports of HV/MV switchgear in $ million, 2013, top 13 exporting countries.
Table 34: Voltage levels in switchgear categories
Table 35: Electricity consumers in the world, 2015
Table 36: Demand for switchgear in real $2014, The World by Region, 2014 to 2020
Table 37: Demand for switchgear in nominal $, the World by Region, 2014 to 2020
Table 38: Demand for switchgear in real $2014, Europe by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 39: Demand for switchgear in nominal $, Europe by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 40: Demand for switchgear in real $2014, CIS by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 41: Demand for switchgear in nominal $, CIS by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 42: Demand for switchgear in real $2014, Middle East by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 43: Demand for switchgear in nominal $, Middle East by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 44: Demand for switchgear in real $2014, Africa by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 45: Demand for switchgear in nominal $, Africa by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 46: Demand for switchgear in real $2014, Asia Pacific by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 47: Demand for switchgear in nominal $, Asia Pacific by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 48: Demand for switchgear in real $2014, North America by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 49: Demand for switchgear in nominal $, North America by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 50: Demand for switchgear in real $2014, Latin America by country, 2014 to 2020
Table 51: Demand for switchgear in nominal $, Latin America by country, 2014 to 2020

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