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Science and Technology of Concrete Admixtures

  • ID: 3335994
  • Book
  • 666 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Science and Technology of Concrete Admixtures presents admixtures from both a theoretical and practical point-of-view. The authors emphasize key concepts that can be used to better understand the working mechanisms of these products by presenting a concise overview on the fundamental behavior of Portland cement and hydraulic binders as well as their chemical admixtures, also discussing recent effects in concrete in terms of rheology, mechanics, durability, and sustainability, but never forgetting the fundamental role played by the water/binder ratio and proper curing in concrete technology.

Part One presents basic knowledge on Portland cement and concrete, while Part Two deals with the chemical and physical background needed to better understand what admixtures are chemically, and through which mechanism they modify the properties of the fresh and hardened concrete. Subsequent sections present discussions on admixtures technology and two particular types of concrete, self-consolidating and ultra-high strength concretes, with final remarks on their future.

  • Combines the knowledge of two leading authors to present both the scientific and technology of admixtures
  • Explains what admixtures are from a chemical point-of-view and illustrates by which mechanisms they modify the properties of fresh and hardened concrete
  • Presents a fundamental, practical, and innovative reference book on the topic
  • Contains three detailed appendices that can be used to learn how to use admixtures more efficiently

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Table of content


Terminology and definitions


Historical background of the development of concrete admixtures

Part 1: Theoretical background on Portland cement and concrete

Chapter 1 Water-cement and water-binder ratios

Chapter 2 Phenomenology of cement hydration

Chapter 3 Portland cement

Chapter 4 Supplementary cementitious materials and fillers

Chapter 5 Water

Chapter 6 Entrained air

Chapter 7 Concrete rheology

Chapter 8 Mechanisms of cement hydration

Part 2: Chemistry and working mechanisms

Chapter 9 Chemistry of chemical admixtures

Chapter 10 Adsorption of chemical admixtures

Chapter 11 Working mechanisms of water reducers and superplasticizers

Chapter 12 Impact of chemical admixtures on cement hydration

Chapter 13 Working mechanisms of Shrinkage Reducing Admixtures

Chapter 14 Working Mechanisms of Corrosion of Reinforcing Steel

Part 3: The technology of admixtures

Chapter 15 Formulation of chemical admixtures

Chapter 16 Superplasticizers in practice

Chapter 17 Air entraining agents

Chapter 18 Retarders

Chapter 19 Accelerators

Chapter 20 Viscosity modifiers

Chapter 21 Antifreezing admixtures

Chapter 22 Expansive admixtures

Chapter 23 Shrinkage modifiers

Chapter 24 Corrosion inhibition

Chapter 25 Curing membranes and evaporation retarders

Parts 4 and 5: Special concretes and the Future of Admixtures

Chapter 26 Self-consolidating concrete

Chapter 27 Ultra-high strength concrete

Chapter 28 Conclusion and outlook


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Aïtcin, Pierre-Claude
Pierre-Claude Aïtcin is professor emeritus in the Department of Civil Engineering of the Faculty of Engineering at the Université de Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada. He is the author of:

- High Performance concrete published by E and FN SPON. This book has been translated in French, Spanish, Portuguese and Czech.


- Binders for Durable and Sustainable Concrete published by Taylor and Francis.


- In collaboration with Sidney Mindess he wrote Sustainability of Concrete published by Taylor and Francis. This book has been published in French by Eyrolles under the title Ecostructures en béton- Comment diminuer l'empreinte carbone des structures en béton.
Flatt, Robert J
Robert J. Flatt is Professor of Building Materials at ETHZ. Before that he was Principal Scientist at Sika Technology AG and postdoctoral researcher at the Princeton University. He owns a master in Chemical Engineering and a PhD from EPFL. His main research interest deals with the working mechanisms of chemical admixtures, an area in which his publications are very well cited and in which he has received several awards. These include the RILEM Robert L'Hermite Medal, the Ross C. Purdy and the Brunauer awards from the American Ceramic Society, the best short presentation at the 13th International Conference on Cement Chemistry, as well an Outstanding Research Contribution in the Broad Area of Chemical Admixtures presented at the 10th International Conference on Superplasticizers and Other Chemical Admixtures.

He was also nominated two years in a row among the 5 finalists for the Spark award recognizing the best invention of the year at ETH Zürich (each time among more than 100 filed patents covering all subjects). He also was awarded the best paper award in two of the four categories at the 1st International conference on concrete innovation in 2014.

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