Ideas in Chemistry and Molecular Sciences. Advances in Synthetic Chemistry

  • ID: 3387158
  • Book
  • 332 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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This volume represents one of the three edited by inviting a selection of young researchers participating to the European Young Chemist Award 2008. The other two volumes concern the two different areas of Nanotechnology/Material Science and Life Sciences and are respectively entitled "Ideas in Molecular Sciences: Advances in Nanotechnology, Materials and Devices" and "Ideas in Chemistry and Molecular Sciences: Where Chemistry Meets Life".

This book contains the contributions of selected young chemists from the field of synthetic chemistry. The contributions are grouped under the following umbrella topics:

∗ Innovative processes in organic chemistry

∗ Predictive tools in organic chemical reactions

∗ Chemical reaction, sustainable processes and environment

∗ Organic synthesis and materials

This volume is an indispensable read for all organic, catalytic, natural products and biochemists interested in seeing what tomorrow′s chemistry will look like.
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Preface

PART I: Innovative Processes in Organic Chemistry

N–HYDROXY DERIVATIVES: KEY ORGANOCATALYSTS FOR THE SELECTIVE FREE RADICAL AEROBIC OXIDATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Introduction

General Reactivity of N–Hydroxy Derivatives

Aerobic Oxidation Catalyzed by N–Hydroxy Amines

Aerobic Oxidation Catalyzed by N–Hydroxy Amides

Aerobic Oxidation Catalyzed by N–Hydroxy Imides

Conclusions

GOLD–CATALYZED INTRA– AND INTERMOLECULAR CYCLOADDITIONS OF PUSH–PULL DIENYNES

Introduction

Gold–Catalyzed Enyne Cycloisomerizations

Gold–Catalyzed Intermolecular Cycloadditions

Conclusions and Future Perspectives

N–HETEROCYCLIC CARBENES IN COPPER–CATALYZED REACTIONS

Introduction

Preparation of NHC–Containing Copper Complexes

Main Applications of [(NHC)Cu] Complexes in Catalysis

Copper Hydride–Mediated Reactions

[3+2] Cycloadditions of Azides and Alkynes

Concluding Remarks

SUPPORTED ORGANOCATALYSTS AS A POWERFUL TOOL IN ORGANIC SYNTHESIS

Introduction

L–Proline and its Derivatives on Ionic Liquid–Modified Silica Gels

Polystyrene–Supported Proline as a Versatile and Recyclable Organocatalyst

Prolinamide–Supported Polystyrenes as Highly Stereoselective and Recyclable Organocalysts for the Aldol Reaction

Outlook and Future Perspectives

THE COMPLEX–INDUCED PROXIMITY EFFECT IN ORGANOLITHIUM CHEMISTRY AND ITS IMPORTANCE IN THE LITHIATION OF TERTIARY AMINES

Introduction

State of the Art

Latest Developments

Conclusions and Outlook

PART II: Predictive Tools in Organic Chemical Reactions

DOUBLE HYDROGEN BONDING IN ASYMMETRIC ORGANOCATALYSIS: A MECHANISTIC PERSPECTIVE

Introduction

Diols and Amidoalcohols

(Thio)ureas

Phosphoric Acids

Other Catalysts

Conclusions and Outlook

DYNAMIC COVALENT CAPTURE: A SENSITIVE TOOL FOR DETECTING MOLECULAR INTERACTIONS

Introduction

Hydrogen Bond–Driven Self–Assembly in Aqueous Solution

Measuring Stability and Order in Biological Structures

Drug Discovery

Catalyst Discovery

The Analysis of Complex Chemical Systems

Perspective

PART III: Chemical Reactions, Sustainable Processes, and Environment

FURFURAL AND FURFURAL–BASED INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS

Carbohydrates for Life

Furfural–Evolution over Nearly Two Centuries

Applications of Furfural

Mechanistic Considerations on the Conversion of Pentosans into Furfural

Production of Furfural

Conclusion and Future Perspective

MULTIPLE BOND–FORMING TRANSFORMATIONS: THE KEY CONCEPT TOWARD ECO–COMPATIBLE SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

The Science of Synthesis

Multiple Bond–Forming Transformations (MBFTs)

An Account of Our Recent Contributions

Conclusion

MODELING OF INDIRECT PHOTOTRANSFORMATION REACTIONS IN SURFACE WATERS

Introduction

Indirect Photolysis Processes in Surface Waters

Modeling the Photochemistry of Surface Waters

Conclusions and Perspectives

PART IV: Organic Synthesis and Materials

BOTTOM–UP APPROACHES TO NANOGRAPHENES THROUGH ORGANIC SYNTHESIS

Introduction

Alternant Polyarenes with 10 Fused Benzene Rings

Alternant Polyarenes with 11 Fused Benzene Rings

Alternant Polyarenes with 12 Fused Benzene Rings

Alternant Polyarenes with 13 Fused Benzene Rings

Alternant Polyarenes with 14 Fused Benzene Rings

Alternant Polyarenes with More Than 150 Fused Benzene Rings

Conclusions and Outlook

DIFFERENTIATED LIGANDS FOR THE SEQUENTIAL CONSTRUCTION OF CRYSTALLINE HETEROMETALLIC ASSEMBLIES

Introduction

Dithiolate Ligands

Dipyrrin Ligands

Conclusion and Outlook

WATER–SOLUBLE PERYLENE DYES

History and Functionalization of Perylene Dyes

Derivatization of Perylene Dyes

Properties and Applications of Perylene Dyes

Advantages and Applications of Water–Soluble Perylene Derivatives

Symmetric Water–Soluble PDIs

Unsymmetric PDIs

Chiral Water–Soluble PDIs

Conclusion and Outlook

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Bruno Pignataro, born in Bologna in 1972, is Professor of Physical Chemistry at the University of Palermo. He received his degree in chemistry in 1995 from the University of Catania and his PhD in materials science five years later. He has helped establish a wide network of international collaborations and organized more than 10 meetings at national and international level, including coordinating the Young Chemists Group of the Italian Chemical Society and chairing the first editions of the European Young Chemist Award. He is a referee for several leading chemistry and materials journals, has more than 70 scientific publications and some 90 conference communications to his name, along with several invited lectures. Professor Pignataro′s research interests focus on the related fields of the physical chemistry of molecular surfaces and soft nanotechnologies.
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