India Water Markets: Opportunities For Wastewater Treatment In a Tougher Regulatory Climate

  • ID: 3387690
  • Report
  • Region: India
  • Global Water Intelligence
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A crackdown on water pollution is in motion. New regulations and tougher action on offenders is driving a multi-billion dollar wastewater market set for considerable growth in the coming years. Sanmit Ahuja, CEO of Oval Observer Foundation, told GWI Magazine (June,2015) that the private sector needs to get involved in the clean-up of the Ganga to meet the capital requirements of the plan and that a market for treated water needs to be created.

The new report, India Water Markets: Opportunities for wastewater treatment in a tougher regulatory climate is your guide to the key developments driving investment in the Indian water market. In-depth forecasts, procurement model and supply chain analysis will enable you to identify the best opportunities for your business and to develop a strong strategy for market entry.

Market Drivers:

India Water Markets: Opportunities for wastewater treatment in a tougher regulatory climate will provide analysis of the most important changes and developments that are driving investment and activity in the Indian Water Market. The following drivers will be further explored in order to help you take full advantage of all the available opportunities:

- New Regulations for Utility Plants: The Central Pollution Control Board has issued new regulations for wastewater discharge in India. Find out how these changes are driving the need for plant upgrades and more advanced technology.

- The River Ganga clean-up: Untreated raw sewage and industrial effluents are being discharged directly into the water. This report evaluates how the new government is strongly committed to cleaning up the river in the near future, giving you a clear picture of the different investment opportunities.

- Stricter action on Industrial Polluters: Due to high discharge volumes, industrial units are being forced to reuse wastewater and resort to zero liquid discharge. We reveal which regulations are driving the need for advanced technologies.

- Increased Water Scarcity: Industries are facing stiff competition from agriculture and domestic demand for freshwater resources. Discover which areas have an urgent need for water reuse and desalination.

- Industrialization: India’s development is driving strong industrial growth creating an increased demand for water. Furthermore, industrial parks are being built across the country and will require state of the art water management systems, creating valuable opportunities for international players to get involved.


How will the changes taking place in India’s water industry create opportunities for local and international players?

1. New wastewater treatment plants and plant upgrades: The overall cost of cleaning the Ganga has been estimated at $100billion. For this purpose, many additional wastewater treatment plants will be required, as well as the need for upgrading existing plants and more advanced wastewater treatment in order to comply with stricter regulations.

2. New plants driving opportunities for new technologies: More and more plants in India are being procured with O&M periods attached. The increasing specialisation of water treatment systems creates opportunities for water companies with established international expertise and a greater chance for new technologies to be implemented.

3. Urban water supply and sanitation: The government is continuing to commit considerable spend for urban water supply and sanitation through such programmes as the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) and the Smart Cities Mission.

4. Wider adoption of ZLD and advanced technologies: Growing industrial water reuse and the drive towards ZLD means advanced technologies are sought to increase water recovery rates and reduce discharge volumes. Wider adoption of these technologies drives the need for more effective secondary and tertiary treatment to optimise these processes.

5. Private Sector Participation: The estimated expenditure for water infrastructure required in India far surpasses the financial capacity of the Indian government, and therefore private finance to meet these demands is being actively encouraged. There are prospects for BOTs in the longer term and an increased involvement of the private sector in the water market both in financing and operation.

Key Features

- Municipal Forecasts - including a breakdown of capital expenditure on desalination, water supply and wastewater

- Industrial Forecasts – a breakdown by industry of capital expenditure on process water and wastewater treatment systems

- Municipal Drivers and Trends – find out which new initiatives will drive opportunities in water supply; understand the major technology trends in water and wastewater treatment; and identify upcoming water, wastewater and desalination projects.

- Industrial Drivers and Trends –understand the unique regulations and technology demands in each industry and find a niche for your technology

- Market Dynamics – the report explores market players, market entry strategies and procurement models for the municipal and industrial sectors, so you can identify potential partners, competitors and routes into the market.
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1. Introduction
1.1 Overview
1.2 Market drivers
1.2.1 Tackling pollution Deficit in wastewater treatment capacity
Figure 1.1 Wastewater treatment capacities and generation across India, 2015 Pollution of freshwater resources
Figure 1.2 Number of polluted river stretches in each priority class by state (data from 2009–2012) New regulations
Figure 1.3 Wastewater discharge standards for treatment plants Industrial pollution
1.2.2 Water scarcity
Figure 1.4 Groundwater resource availability, withdrawal and utilisation rate, 2009
Figure 1.5 Water stress in India
1.2.3 Industrialisation
1.2.4 Urbanisation
1.3 Market opportunities and challenges
1.3.1 Market opportunities
1.3.2 Challenges of the market
1.4 Market forecast
Figure 1.6 India water market utility and industrial capital expenditure, 2013–2020
Figure 1.7 India water market: water and wastewater capital expenditure, 2013–2020
Figure 1.8 Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment by industrial sector in India, 2013–2020
Figure 1.9 Industrial forecast breakdown by equipment category, 2013–2020

2. Utility water sector
2.1 Overview
2.2 Drivers
2.3 Water sector structure and organisation
2.3.1 Government ministries and agencies
Figure 2.1 Organisational structure of water and wastewater management in India, 2015
2.3.2 The centre
Figure 2.2 Central government agencies involved in the water and wastewater sector
2.3.3 State governments
Figure 2.3 Independent water utilities across India
2.3.4 Water finance
2.4 National initiatives
2.4.1 River Ganga clean-up Wastewater generation and treatment in the Ganga Basin
Figure 2.4 Towns and pollution zones along main stem
Figure 2.5 Ganga main stem sewerage needs Key aspects and objectives of the Ganga River Basin Management Plan GRBMP recommendations Market opportunities Estimated expenditure Yamuna Action Plan
Figure 2.6 Wastewater treatment plants for Delhi (Dhansa to Goyla)
Figure 2.7 Wastewater treatment plants for Delhi (Goyla to Keshopur) Ongoing projects
Figure 2.8 Status of approved projects under the NGRBA Private sector participation
2.4.2 Smart Cities Mission
Figure 2.9 Number of smart cities allocated to States and UTs
Figure 2.10 100 Smart Cities implementation process
2.4.3 Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) Programme purposes and components
Figure 2.11 AMRUT’s components related to water and wastewater sectors
Figure 2.12 Number of cities in each state covered by AMRUT
Figure 2.13 Service level indicators and benchmarks Reform implementation Investment in water and wastewater sectors
Figure 2.14 Investments under JNNURM and estimated expenditure under AMRUT
Figure 2.15 Progress on water, wastewater and drainage projects approved under JNNURM, August 2014 Continuous (24/7) water supply projects
Figure 2.16 Main PPP projects on continuous water supply in India
Figure 2.17 Future 24/7 projects in India
2.4.4 National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)
2.5 Technology trends
2.5.1 Water treatment
2.5.2 Wastewater treatment
Figure 2.18 Treatment technologies in WWTPs, 2015
2.5.3 Sludge treatment
2.6 Wastewater reuse
2.6.1 Projects
Figure 2.19 Upcoming wastewater reuse projects
2.7 Utility desalination
Figure 2.20 Top plants for utility and public sector clients
2.7.1 Solar desalination
2.7.2 Upcoming projects
Figure 2.21 List of planned municipal desalination projects
2.8 Residential point-of-use market
2.9 Market dynamics
2.9.1 Roles of market players Consulting engineers EPC contractors Private operators Equipment suppliers and technology providers Players with more than one role
Figure 2.22 Market players in the utility sector
2.9.2 Procurement process
2.9.3 Accessing the market
2.10 Market forecast
Figure 2.23 Capital expenditure on water utilities in India, 2013–2020
Figure 2.24 Capital expenditure on wastewater utilities in India, 2013–2020
Figure 2.25 Utility forecast breakdown by equipment category, 2013–2020

3. Power generation
3.1 Market overview
Figure 3.1 Installed power generation capacity by fuel type, 2013–2015
Figure 3.2 Energy and power demand, generation and deficit, 2009–2016
Figure 3.3 Contracted and installed capacity in the Indian thermal power sector, 2004–2014
Figure 3.4 Total installed capacity by end user, 2015
3.2 Market drivers
3.2.1 Growth in power generating capacity
3.2.2 Water scarcity
Figure 3.5 Distribution of thermal power plants and water stressed areas in India
3.2.3 Environmental regulation Water allocation and water reuse requirements
Figure 3.6 Proposed water withdrawal limits for thermal power plants Wastewater discharge limits
Figure 3.7 Effluent discharge standards for thermal power plants Air pollution regulation
Figure 3.8 Proposed air emission limits for thermal power plants
3.2.4 Cost of water
3.3 Technology trends
Figure 3.9 Water and wastewater systems in Indian power plants
3.4 Procurement process
3.5 Supply chain analysis
Figure 3.10 Main players in the Indian water for power market
3.6 Market opportunities
3.6.1 Accessing the market
3.7 Market forecast
Figure 3.11 Power generation: Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment, 2013–2020

4. Refining & petrochemicals
4.1 Overview
4.1.1 Refining and petrochemical capacity and production
Figure 4.1 Refinery capacity and crude throughput
Figure 4.2 Company share of refining capacity in India
Figure 4.3 Locations of refineries in India
Figure 4.4 Petrochemical production in India, 2006–2014
Figure 4.5 PCPIR locations and anchor tenant
4.2 Drivers
4.2.1 Environmental regulations
Figure 4.6 Effluent standards for oil refineries, 2008
Figure 4.7 Effluent standards for petrochemicals (basic & intermediates)
4.2.2 Water allocation and reuse
4.2.3 Increasing production and use of cheaper crudes
4.3 Technology trends
4.3.1 Water treatment systems
Figure 4.8 Treatment requirements for water systems in refining
4.3.2 Seawater desalination
4.3.3 Wastewater treatment systems
4.3.4 Wastewater reuse
4.4 Procurement process
4.5 Supply chain analysis
Figure 4.9 Major players in the water for refining market
4.6 Market opportunities
4.6.1 Accessing the market
4.7 Market forecast
Figure 4.10 Refining & petrochemicals: Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment, 2013–2020

5. Pharmaceuticals
5.1 Market overview
Figure 5.1 Exports of medicines and pharmaceutical products, 2011–2013
Figure 5.2 Indian pharmaceutical market revenue by product segment, 2013
5.2 Market drivers
5.2.1 Market growth
5.2.2 Compliance with process water quality standards
Figure 5.3 Pharmacopoeia requirements for purified water
Figure 5.4 Pharmacopoeia requirements for water for injection
5.2.3 Environmental regulation Wastewater discharge regulation
Figure 5.5 Effluent discharge standards for the pharmaceutical industry, 2009 Water reuse requirements
5.2.4 Water scarcity
Figure 5.6 Water stress in Indian states with pharmaceutical manufacturing units
5.3 Technology trends
5.3.1 Process water technologies
Figure 5.7 Typical process water treatment system in the pharmaceutical industry
5.3.2 Wastewater treatment
Figure 5.8 ZLD treatment systems for the pharmaceutical industry
5.4 Procurement process
5.5 Supply chain analysis
Figure 5.9 Major players in the water for pharmaceutical market in India
5.6 Market opportunities
Figure 5.10 Pharmaceutical projects in India
5.6.1 Accessing the market
5.7 Market forecast
Figure 5.11 Pharmaceuticals: Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment, 2013–2020

6. Industrial parks/clusters
6.1 Market overview
Figure 6.1 CETPs by state
6.1.1 Industrial corridors Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor
Figure 6.2 Proposed investment regions in DMIC
Figure 6.4 Map of DMIC and nodes being developed Other industrial corridors
Figure 6.5 Progress of other industrial corridors
6.1.2 Water and wastewater management
Figure 6.6 Water and wastewater demand in selected DMIC projects
Figure 6.7 Funding scheme for CETPs
6.2 Regulations
Figure 6.8 Selected treated effluent quality standards for CETPs
6.3 Drivers
6.4 Technology trends
6.5 Procurement process
6.6 Supply chain analysis
6.7 Market opportunities
6.7.1 Upcoming projects
Figure 6.9 Upcoming projects for industrial parks

7. Other industries
7.1 Steel
Figure 7.1 Steel production and capacity in India, 2015
7.1.1 Market forecast
Figure 7.2 Steel processing: Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment, 2013–2020
7.2 Food & beverage
Figure 7.3 Mega Food Park projects to be developed during phase III of the scheme
7.2.1 Market forecast
Figure 7.4 Food & beverage: Capital expenditure on water and wastewater treatment, 2013–2020

8. Market players
8.1 Analysis of local EPC companies
Figure 8.1 Industry icons
Figure 8.2 Expertise icons
8.1.1 Integrated service providers
8.1.2 Large EPC players
Figure 8.3 Key local players in the Indian water and wastewater market
8.1.3 Medium-sized players
Figure 8.4 Medium-sized local players in the Indian water and wastewater market
8.1.4 Consultants
Figure 8.5 Local consultants in the Indian water and wastewater market
8.1.5 Niche and smaller players
Figure 8.6 Niche and smaller Indian water and wastewater players
8.2 Market trends
8.2.1 Diversification
8.2.2 Partnerships between local and foreign players
Figure 8.7 Examples of partnerships between local and international players
8.3 International players
8.3.1 EPC contractors and systems integrators
8.3.2 Consultants
8.4 Equipment suppliers


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