Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering focuses on nanotechnology, the innovation and control of materials at 100 nm or smaller length scales, and how they have revolutionized almost all of the various disciplines of science and engineering study.
In particular, advances in synthesizing, imaging, and manipulating materials at the nano-scale have provided engineers with a broader array of materials and tools for creating high-performance devices. Nanomaterials possess drastically different properties than those of their bulk counterparts mainly because of their high surface-to-mass ratios and high surface energies/reactivity. For instance, carbon nanotubes have been shown to possess impressive mechanical strength, stiffness, and electrical conductivity superior to that of bulk carbon.
Whilst nanotechnology has become deeply rooted in electrical, chemical, and materials engineering disciplines, its proliferation into civil engineering did not begin until fairly recently. This book covers that proliferation and the main challenges associated with the integration of nanomaterials and nano-scale design principles into civil and structural engineering.
- Examines nanotechnology and its application to not only structural engineering, but also transportation, new infrastructure materials, and the applications of nanotechnology to existing structural systems
- Focuses on how nanomaterials can provide enhanced sensing capabilities and mechanical reinforcement of the original structural material
- Analyzes experimental and computational work carried out by world-renowned researchers
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. Chapter 1: Introduction to advanced nanocomposites in civil, structural, and construction engineering
Professors Ken Loh, University of California, Davis, and Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice University Part I: Innovative developments of nano-engineered cementitious composites . Chapter 2: Development of Carbon Nanofiber Aggregate for Concrete Strain Monitoring- Prof. Yi-Lung Mo, University of Houston, USA . Chapter 3: Nanostructure of cement paste: characterization
Professor Franz-Josef Ulm, Massachusetts Institute of Technology . Chapter 4: Hybrid cementitious materials: nanoscale modeling and characterization
Professor Rouzbeh Shahsavari, Rice University . Chapter 5: Smart cement paste with carbon nanotubes
Dr. Laflamme, Iowa State University, USA . Chapter 6: Nano and Micro sensor interface large-area electronics with integrated circuit devices
Dr Branko Glisic, Princeton University, USA . Chapter 7: Carbon black engineered cementitious composites: electrical and mechanical characterization
Dr. Tsung-Chin Hou, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan . Chapter 8: Carbon nanofibers in concrete: mechanical reinforcement
Dr Nur Yazdani, University of Texas Arlington, USA . Chapter 9: Self-sensing of carbon nanofiber concrete columns -Prof. Hui Li, Harbin Institute of Technology, China
Part II: Innovative developments of nano-engineered pavements . Chapter 10: Development of carbon nanotube smart pavements: sensing
Dr. Baoguo Han, Harbin Institute of Technology, China . Chapter 11: Life cycle modeling of nanoparticle ECC pavements
Dr. Xiao Ming Lu, Wuhan University, China . Chapter 12: Nanoclay-modified asphalt: Professor Zhanping You, Michigan Tech . Chapter 13: Understanding the effects of nano materials on pavement performances: practical and environmental perspectives
Dr Ning Xie, Harbin Institue of Technology, China Part III: Innovative developments of nanocomposites for in situ damage detection and structural health monitoring . Chapter 14: Laser Based Noncontact Distributed Strain Sensing and Structural health monitoring using SWCNT based Smart Skin
Dr Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice University, USA . Chapter 15: Strain sensing and structural health monitoring using nanofilms and nanocomposites
Professors Ken Loh, University of California, Davis and Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice University, USA . Chapter 16: Embedded carbon nanotube thin films in GFRP: sensing
Dr. Bryan Loyola, Sandia National Labs . Chapter 17: Future trends and directions
Professors Ken Loh, University of California, Davis, and Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice University.
Dr. Kenneth J. Loh is the Director of CITRIS at UC Davis and an Associate Professor in the Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Davis. He received his B.S. degree in Civil Engineering from Johns Hopkins University in 2004. He continued his graduate studies at the University of Michigan where he completed his M.S. degree in Civil Engineering in 2005, a second M.S. degree in Materials Science & Engineering in 2008, and the Ph.D. degree in Civil Engineering in 2008. His research interests include the development of multifunctional nanocomposites and biologically-inspired materials for sensing, actuation, and power harvesting applications.
Prof. Satish Nagarajaiah holds a joint appointment between the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, and the Mechanical Engineering Department at Rice University. He has tenured as a full professor since 2006. Satish obtained his Ph.D. (1987-1990) from the State University of New York at Buffalo, where he was a post-doctoral researcher before starting his academic career in 1993. Prof. Nagarajaiah's teaching and research interests are in the areas of structural dynamic systems; seismic protection; earthquake engineering; smart structures; system identification; and structural health monitoring and applied Nanotechnology. Satish's research is funded by the NSF, NASA, Department of Energy, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Office of Naval Research, other State, Federal, Private Agencies and Industries. The National Science Foundation has awarded Satish the prestigious faculty early CAREER award for innovative research in Adaptive Stiffness Structures.