Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment

  • ID: 3504156
  • Book
  • 480 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Emerging Membrane Technology for Sustainable Water Treatment provides the latest information on the impending crisis posed by water stress and poor sanitation, a timely issue that is one of the greatest human challenges of the 21st century. The book also discusses the use of membrane technology, a serious contender that can be used to confront the crisis on a global scale, along with its specific uses as a solution to this escalating problem.

  • Provides a unique source on membrane technology and its application for water treatment
  • Focuses on technologies designed for the treatment of seawater and brackish water
  • Highlights the most economically and environmentally friendly membrane technologies
  • Lists various technologies and emphasizes their link to renewable energy, energy efficiency, nanotechnology, reuse, and recycle
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Section 1: Membrane Processes for Global Water Solutions

1. Ethical and Sustainable Utilisation of Water: Global Scenarios

and Engineering Responsibilities

W. Richard Bowen

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Global Perspectives

1.3 Global Plans

1.4 Engineering Responsibilities

1.5 Membrane Engineering

References

2. Introduction to Membrane Processes for Water Treatment

Rajindar Singh, Nicholas P. Hankins

2.1 Membrane Materials

2.2 Membrane Separation

2.3 Membrane Processes

2.4 Hybrid Membrane Plants 2.5 Membrane Modules

2.6 Membrane Fouling and Control

2.7 Recent Developments and Future Prospects

References

  Section 2: Desalination and Potable Water Puri?cation

3. Forward Osmosis for Sustainable Water Treatment

Li-Cheng Shen, Nicholas P. Hankins

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Draw Solutions

3.3 Membranes and Modules

3.4 Applications of FO

3.5 Conclusions

Acknowledgements

References

4. Desalination by Membrane Distillation

Julio A. Sanmartino, Mohamed Khayet, M.C. García-Payo

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Membrane Distillation

4.3 Properties of Saline Aqueous Solutions

4.4 MD Desalination

4.5 Energy Consumption and Costs of MD Desalination

4.6 Conclusions and Future Perspectives in MD

References

5. Sustainable Energy Systems for Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination

Philip A. Davies

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Performance Limits

5.3 Performance and Losses in RO Desalination

5.4 Performance of PV Cells and Losses

5.5 RO Systems for Variable-Power Operation

5.6 Thermally Powered RO Systems

5.7 Conclusions and Outlook

List of Abbreviations

Glossary

References

6. Desalination and On-site Energy for Groundwater Treatment in Developing

Countries Using Fuel Cells

Rajindar Singh

6.1 Background

6.2 India's WatereEnergy Nexus

6.3 FC Technology

6.4 FC Integrated Membrane Desalination

6.5 Zero Liquid Discharge Desalination Processes

6.6 Appropriate Desalination Technology for Remote Regions

6.7 Concluding Remarks

References

7. Ion Exchange Membranes for Water Softening and

High-Recovery Desalination

Malynda A. Cappelle, Thomas A. Davis

7.1 Ion Exchange Materials and Water Softening

7.2 Donnan Dialysis

7.3 ED for Desalination

7.4 Conclusions

List of Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acknowledgements

References

8. Water Treatment by Electromembrane Processes

Nalan Kabay, O? zgu?r Arar, Samuel Bunani

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Electrodialysis (ED)

8.3 Electrodeionisation (EDI)

8.4 Capacitive Deionisation (CDI)

8.5 Conclusions and Recommendations

List of Abbreviations

Symbols

Subscripts and Superscripts

Greek Symbols

Acknowledgements

References

Section 3: Wastewater Treatment for Reclamation and Reuse

9. Removal of Emerging Contaminants for Water Reuse by Membrane

Technology

Long D. Nghiem, Takahiro Fujioka

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Membrane Technology for Water Reclamation

9.3 NF/RO Separation

9.4 Other Membrane Processes

9.5 Conclusion

References

10. Surfactant and Polymer-Based Technologies for Water Treatment

Li-Cheng Shen, Nicholas P. Hankins, Rajindar Singh

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Surfactant-Based Technologies for Water Treatment

10.3 Polymer-Based Technologies for Water Treatment

10.4 Combined PolymereSurfactant-Based Technologies for Water Treatment

10.5 Characterisation of Micellar Size

10.6 Conclusions

Acknowledgement

References

11. Submerged and Attached Growth Membrane Bioreactors and Forward

Osmosis Membrane Bioreactors for Wastewater Treatment

Sher Jamal Khan, Nicholas P. Hankins, Li-Cheng Shen

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Biological and Membrane Filtration Processes in MBR

11.3 Membrane Fouling Classi?cation and Mitigation Approaches

11.4 Development of AMBR

11.5 The Forward Osmosis MBR

References

12. Brine Treatment and High Recovery Desalination

J. Gilron

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Energy and Pressure Considerations in High Recovery

12.3 Hybrid Processes to Overcome Salinity Limitations

12.4 Hybrid Processes that Overcome Scaling Problems

12.5 Conclusions

Nomenclature

Greek Symbols

Subscripts

References

Section 4: New Membrane Materials and Applications

13. Development of Hybrid Processes for High Purity Water Production

Rajindar Singh

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Process Technologies

13.3 HPW Applications

13.4 UPW Processes for Advanced Microchips

13.5 Water Reclamation for Reuse

References

14. Biomimetic Membranes for Water Puri?cation and Wastewater Treatment

Chuyang Y. Tang, Zhining Wang, Claus H'elix-Nielsen

14.1 Introduction

14.2 Aquaporins

14.3 Biomimetic Membranes and Their Properties

14.4 Summary and Conclusions

References

15. Novel Graphene Membranes e Theory and Application

Jakob Buchheim, Roman M. Wyss, Chang-Min Kim, Mengmeng Deng, Hyung Gyu Park

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Porous Graphene Fluidics e Mass Transport across Porous Graphene

15.3 Mass Transport across Layered Graphene and Graphene Oxide

15.4 Conclusions

References

16. Nanocomposite and Responsive Membranes for Water Treatment

Sebasti'an Hern'andez, Anthony Saad, Lindell Ormsbee, Dibakar Bhattacharyya

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Responsive Materials

16.3 Nanocomposite Membranes

16.4 Summary

Acknowledgements

References

17. Membrane Fouling, Modelling and Recent Developments for Mitigation

Catalina Alvarado, Kathryn Farris, James Kilduff

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Foulants

17.3 Biological Fouling

17.4 Models for Fouling

17.5 Approaches to Mitigate Fouling

17.6 Concluding Remarks

References

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Singh, Rajindar
Rajindar Singh is President of Membrane Ventures, LLC. He is a Senior Member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, with more than 35 years of experience focusing on desalination, bioseparations, ion exchange, high purity water production, produced water treatment, membrane plants technical support, electrochemical fuel cells and polymers. Rajindar received post-graduate degrees in chemical engineering and bioengineering from the Univeristy of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA. He is the co-inventor of six patents, and has published 40 journal papers and three books.
Hankins, Nicholas
Professor Nicholas Hankins is an Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering at The University of Oxford, and a Tutorial Fellow in Engineering at Lady Margaret Hall. He is Research Director of the Oxford Centre for Sustainable Water Engineering at Oxford University, and is the Oxford Director of the Singapore-Peking-Oxford Research enterprise. He is a Chartered Chemical Engineer, with over 26 years of research experience in industry and academia. His research has focused on the application of membranes, colloids, surfactants and interfaces to sustainable processes for potable water and wastewater treatment. He has published over 40 refereed journal articles and three chapters in books. He is Co Editor in Chief of the Elsevier Journal of Water Process Engineering and sits on the editorial board of Desalination, Desalination and Water Treatment, and Water. He is the founding chairman and organizer of the Oxford Water and Membranes Research Event, which he has run biennially since 2006.
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