Following a preliminary overview chapter discussing iron oxide minerals along with their unique structures and properties, the text goes on to deal with the formation and transformation of iron oxides, covering geological, synthetic, and biological formation, as well as various physicochemical aspects. Subsequent chapters are devoted to characterization techniques, with a special focus on X–ray–based methods, magnetic measurements, and electron microscopy alongside such traditional methods as IR/Raman and Mössbauer spectroscopy. The final section mainly concerns exciting new applications of magnetic iron oxides, for example in medicine as microswimmers or as water filtration systems, while more conventional uses as pigments or in biology for magnetoreception illustrate the full potential.
A must–read for anyone working in the field.
PART I: Formation, Transformation
Geological Occurrences and Relevance of Iron Oxides
Reductive dissolution and reactivity of Ferric (hydr)oxides – new insights and implications for environmental redox processes
Formation and transformation of iron–bearing minerals by iron(II)–oxidizing and iron(III)–reducing bacteria
Controlled biomineralization of magnetite in bacteria
Ferritins iron mineralization and storage: from structure to function
Iron oxides in the human brain
The chiton radula: a model system for versatile use of iron oxides.
Mineralization of goethite in limpet radular teeth
Synthetic Formation of Iron Oxides
Oriented attachment and non–classical formation in iron oxides
Thermodynamics of Iron Oxides and Oxyhydroxides in Different Environments
PART II: Characterization Techniques
Introduction to standard spectroscopic methods: XRD, IR/Raman and Mössbauer
TEM and associated techniques
Magnetic measurements and characterization
Total X–ray Scattering and Small Angle X–ray Scattering for Determining the Structures, Sizes, Shapes, and Aggregation Extents of Iron (Hydr)oxide Nanoparticles
X–ray Absorption Fine Structure spectroscopy in Fe oxides and oxyhydroxides
PART III: Applications
Medical Applications of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles
Iron nano–particles for water treatment. Is the future free or fixed?
Actuation of iron oxide based nanostructures by external magnetic fields
Iron Oxide–Based Pigments and their Use in History
Magnetoreception and Magnetotaxis