MIMO-based Wireless and Wireline Communications Systems - Technologies, Markets and Applications

  • ID: 3611544
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 161 Pages
  • PracTel Inc
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  • Linksys
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This report researches advanced technologies and markets for wireless and wired communications systems that utilize MIMO - Multiple Input/Multiple Output structures – to enhance their performance.

Users’ demand for more efficient networking brought to life many technological innovations. One of them is MIMO, which became very popular in wireless systems - almost all recent and future 3GPP standards use (or will be using) variations of such a technique. MIMO also can be used in wireline systems.

This report is based on the Practel analysis of MIMO-based communications systems, their technologies and markets specifics. Particular, the following industry standards that utilize MIMO have been considered:

-IEEE 802.11n
-IEEE 802.11ac
-IEEE 802.11ah
-HomePlug AV2
-ITU G.hn.

The goal of this report is to characterize MIMO advantages and specifics for each standard. It also addresses market characteristics of discussed technologies. Report concentrates on corresponding industries players and their products.

MIMO characteristics, structures and types are also addressed and compared.

The report also contains a survey of 802.11ah-related patents.

The report is written for a wide audience of managers and technical staff that involved in the design and implementation of advanced communications systems.
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  • AceAxis
  • Buffalo
  • Extollo
  • Linksys
  • OvisLink (Router, WUBS)
  • Sigma Designs
  • MORE
1.0 Introduction

1.1 General

1.2 Goal

1.3 Structure

1.4 Research Methodology

1.5 Target Audience

2.0 MIMO - Concept, Functions and Types

2.2 Concept: MIMO in Wireless Communications

2.3 Types of MIMO: Examples

2.3.1 CoMP MIMO

2.3.2 Massive MIMO

2.3.3 MU-MIMO


2.3.5 Mobile Networked MIMO

2.3.6 MIMO - by Type of Communications Media

2.3.7 Summary

2.4 MIMO Benefits (Wireless Systems)

3.0 MIMO Role - Wireless Systems

3.1 MIMO Role in LTE Development

3.1.1 Releases - 3GPP

3.1.2 LTE Timetable

3.1.3 Broadband Wireless Communications-Phases

3.1.4 LTE Standardization-Industry Collaboration

3.1.5 Industry Initiative

3.1.6 Intellectual Property

3.1.7 Key Features of LTE

3.1.8 Details Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (EUTRAN) UE Categories Evolved Packet Core (EPC)

3.1.9 LTE Advanced

3.1.10 SON

3.1.11 Voice Support VoLTE

3.1.12 Market Drivers Demand: Wireless Broadband LTE Market Projections

3.1.13 Summary: Major LTE Benefits

3.1.14 Industry

Agilent (Re-branded as Keysight in 2014)

Altair Semiconductor








Lime Microsystems

mimoON (acquired by CommAgility Ltd in 2015)

Motorola Solutions

Nokia Siemens Networks









3.1.15 Specifics LTE MIMO Techniques Major Applications Modes MIMO: LTE Release 8 MIMO: LTE Release 9 MIMO: LTE Advanced LTE/LTE-A - MIMO Benefits Market Projections

3.2 MIMO Role in 802.11n Development

3.2.1 802.11n Status

3.2.2 Environment

3.2.3 Draft v. 1.0

3.2.4 Draft v. 2.0

3.2.5 Further Developments and IEEE Approval

3.2.6 IEEE 802.11n and Wi-Fi Alliance

3.2.7 802.11n Technology Details Major Advances MIMO Spatial Division Multiplexing OFDM Channel Bonding Packet Aggregation PHY and MAC Features: Summary Specifics Channel Bandwidth Backward Compatibility Adaptation Security Enhancements

3.2.8 Benefits and Applications Benefits Applications

3.2.9 Market Drivers Market Forecast Model Forecast

3.2.10 Industry

Aerohive (APs)

Aruba (APs) - HP

Atheros-Qualcomm (Chipsets, WUSB)

Buffalo (Router, AP)

Broadcom (Chipsets, WUSB)

Cisco (AP)

Celeno (Chips)

Marvell (Chipsets)

Motorola Solution (Tools, AP)

Netgear (Router, AP)

OvisLink (Router, WUBS)

Redpine Signals (Chipsets)

Ruckus (AP, Multimedia)

Quantenna (chipsets)


TrendNet (Routers, AP, WUSB)


ZyXel (AP, Router, WUSB)

3.2.11 MIMO and 802.11n MIMO Specifics: 802.11n High Throughput (HT) Station (STA) Features Basic Concept MIMO Contributions

3.3 MIMO Role in 802.11ac Development

3.3.1 General - Improving 802.11n Characteristics

3.3.2 Approval

3.3.3 Major Features: Summary

3.3.4 Major Benefits

3.3.5 Usage Models

3.3.6 Waves

3.3.7 Market Projections

3.3.8 Industry

Aruba - HP







Meru (now Fortinet)




Redpine Signals

3.3.9 MIMO and 802.11ac Standard Comparison Market Projections

4.0 MIMO in Wireline Communications

4.1 HomePNA and ITU MIMO-based Technologies

4.1.1 HomePNA Alliance (now HomeGrid Forum) Specifications General HomePNA Specification 3.1: Major Features Fast EoC HomePNA Major Benefits

4.1.2 ITU G.hn General G.hn Details Differences …… Common Features Acceptance HomePNA and G.hn Documents G.hn-mimo - G.9963 Drivers G.9963 Details General Wireline Specifics -G.hn-mimo Scope Performance

4.1.3 Industry



Sigma Designs


4.2 HomePlugAV2-mimo

4.2.1 General Certification

4.2.2 Major Improvements

4.2.3 Specification Details MIMO Role

4.2.4 Industry



Gigafast Ethernet


Lea Networks




Qualcomm Atheros


5.0 Conclusions

Appendix I: IEEE802.11ah and MIMO

A.1 General

A.2 Goal and Schedule

A.3 Sub-1 GHz Transmission Specifics

A.3.1 Spectrum

A.4 Use Cases


A.5.1 Bandwidth

A.5.2 Channelization

A.5.3 Transmission Modes and MIMO

A.6 MAC Layer

Appendix II: G.9963 Brief

Appendix III Patents Survey


List of Figures:
Figure 1: 2x2 MIMO

Figure 2: Major Antenna Configurations

Figure 3: MIMO Concept (2x2)

Figure 4: Illustration - Beamforming

Figure 5: MU-MIMO - Downlink

Figure 6: SU-MIMO and MU-MIMO

Figure 7: Evolution Path

Figure 8: Towards Wireless Mobile Broadband

Figure 9: LTE - IP

Figure 10: EPC - Reference Architecture

Figure 11: Projections: 4G Global Subscribers Base (Bil.)

Figure 12: Projections: LTE Global Subscribers Base (Bil.)

Figure 13: TAM: LTE Global Equipment Sale ($B)

Figure 14: Spectral Efficiency DL

Figure 15: Projections: Global - LTE MIMO Sales ($B)

Figure 16: 802.11n MAC

Figure 17: 802.11 Protocol Family MAC Frame Structure

Figure 18: TAM: Global - Wi-Fi Chipsets ($B)

Figure 19: TAM: Global - Wi-Fi Chipsets (Bill. Units)

Figure 20: TAM: Global - 802.11n Chipsets ($B)

Figure 21: TAM: Global - 802.11n Chipsets (Bil. Units)

Figure 22: 802.11n Market Geography

Figure 23: Channel Assignment

Figure 24: 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global (Mil. Units)

Figure 25: 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global ($B)

Figure 26: Estimate: Global Shipping - 802.11ac MU-MIMO Consumers AP ($B)

Figure 27: Projections: Global 802.11ac Consumers AP MIMO Sales ($B)

Figure 28: PLC-MIMO (2x2)

Figure 29: MIMO -Details

Figure 30: Maximum Theoretical PHY Rates (home media) based on published figures

Figure 31: HomePlug AV2 Features

Figure 32: MIMO PLC Channels

Figure 34: Frequency Spectrum

Figure 35: 802.11ah - Channelization Plan in U.S.

List of Tables:
Table 1: MIMO Variations

Table 2: MIMO Benefits

Table 3: 3GPP Releases

Table 4: Dates

Table 5: Initial LTE Characteristics: Illustration

Table 6: LTE Frequency Bands

Table 7: Users Equipment Categories (Rel. 8)

Table 8: UE Categories (Rel. 10)

Table 9: LTE Transmission Modes - MIMO

Table 10: Additional Details

Table 11: 802.11 Standard Characteristics - Draft 1.0

Table 12: 802.11n PHY

Table 13: Comparison: 802.11 Family Members Transfer Rates

Table 14: 802.11n Enhancements

Table 15: 802.11n Advantages

Table 16: MIMO PHY Characteristics

Table 17: Functionalities - 802.11ac

Table 18: Specifics

Table 19: Rates

Table 20: Usage Models

Table 21: 802.11ac Waves

Table 22: 802.11n vs. 802.11ac

Table 23: ITU and HomePNA Standards

Table 24: Comparative Characteristics

Table 25: Frequency-Rate Characteristics
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3 of 4


4 of 4
- AceAxis

- Aerohive (APs)

- Agilent (Re-branded as Keysight in 2014)

- Alcatel-Lucent

- Altair Semiconductor

- Aricent

- Aruba - HP

- Atheros-Qualcomm (Chipsets, WUSB)

- Broadcom

- Buffalo (Router, AP)

- Buffalo

- Celeno (Chips)

- Cisco

- Comtrend

- D-Link

- Ericsson

- Extollo

- Fujitsu

- Gigafast Ethernet

- Huawei

- Intersil

- Lea Networks

- Lime Microsystems

- Linksys

- Marvell

- Meru (now Fortinet)

- mimoON (acquired by CommAgility Ltd in 2015)

- Motorola Solutions

- Netgear

- Nokia Siemens Networks


- OvisLink (Router, WUBS)

- Qualcomm

- Quantenna

- Redpine Signals

- Ruckus (AP, Multimedia)

- Samsung

- Sequans

- Sigma Designs

- Signalion

- Sineoji

- ST&T

- TI

- TP-Link

- Trendnet

- U-blox

- Xirrus


- Zyxel
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